Trevor Birmingham, PhD

Trevor Birmingham


Room 1444, Elborn College
519 661-2111 x84349


  • BA, BSc, MSc, PhD (Western University)

Academic Appointments

  • Canada Research Chair in Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation  (Tier I)

Supervising Graduate Students

  • Yes

Research Interests

  • Musculoskeletal rehabilitation
  • Clinical Biomechanics

Additional Information

Recent Publications

  • Gait biomechanics after combined HTO-ACL reconstruction versus HTO alone: A matched cohort study. Marriott K, Birmingham TB, Pinto R, Primeau C, Bryant D, Degen R, Giffin JR. J Orthop Res. 2018 Oct 10. doi: 10.1002/jor.24157. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 30303555
  • The star excursion balance test is a reliable and valid outcome measure for patients with knee osteoarthritis. Kanko LE, Birmingham TB, Bryant DM, Gillanders K, Lemmon K, Chan R, Postic M, Giffin JR. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2018 Dec 24. pii: S1063-4584(18)31587-5. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2018.11.012. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 30590193
  • Association Between Knee Load and Pain: Within-Patient, Between-Knees, Case-Control Study in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis. Birmingham TB, Marriott KA, Leitch KM, Moyer RF, Lorbergs AL, Walton DM, Willits K, Litchfield RB, Getgood A, Fowler PJ, Giffin JR. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2018 Jul 13. doi: 10.1002/acr.23704. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 30004188
  • Lower-limb muscle function during gait in varus mal-aligned osteoarthritis patients. Sritharan P, Lin YC, Richardson SE, Crossley KM, Birmingham TB, Pandy MG. J Orthop Res. 2018 Feb 23. doi: 10.1002/jor.23883. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29473665
  • Osteoarthritis, cerebrovascular dysfunction and the common denominator of inflammation: a narrative review. Al-Khazraji BK, Appleton CT, Beier F, Birmingham TB, Shoemaker JK. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2018 Apr;26(4):462-470. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2018.01.011. Epub 2018 Feb 2. Review. PMID: 29406252
  • Changes in biomechanical risk factors for knee osteoarthritis and their association with 5-year clinically important improvement after limb realignment surgery. Birmingham TB, Moyer R, Leitch K, Chesworth B, Bryant D, Willits K, Litchfield R, Fowler PJ, Giffin JR. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2017 Dec;25(12):1999-2006. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2017.08.017. Epub 2017 Sep 6. PMID: 28888904
  • Development of a Clinician-Rated Drop Vertical Jump Scale for Patients Undergoing Rehabilitation After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Delphi Approach. Gagnon SS, Birmingham TB, Chesworth BM, Bryant D, Werstine M, Giffin JR. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2017 Aug;47(8):557-564. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2017.7183. Epub 2017 Jul 6. PMID: 8683233
  • Musculoskeletal loading in the symptomatic and asymptomatic knees of middle-aged osteoarthritis patients. Sritharan P, Lin YC, Richardson SE, Crossley KM, Birmingham TB, Pandy MG. J Orthop Res. 2017 Feb;35(2):321-330. doi: 10.1002/jor.23264. Epub 2016 May 4. PMID: 27088430
  • Cost-effectiveness analysis of arthroscopic surgery compared with non-operative management for osteoarthritis of the knee. Marsh JD, Birmingham TB, Giffin JR, Isaranuwatchai W, Hoch JS, Feagan BG, Litchfield R, Willits K, Fowler P. BMJ Open. 2016 Jan 12;6(1):e009949. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009949. PMID: 26758265
  • Five-year changes in gait biomechanics after concomitant high tibial osteotomy and ACL reconstruction in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis. Marriott K, Birmingham TB, Kean CO, Hui C, Jenkyn TR, Giffin JR. Am J Sports Med. 2015 Sep;43(9):2277-85. doi: 10.1177/0363546515591995. Epub 2015 Aug 11. PMID: 26264767

Research Affiliations

  • Wolf Orthopaedic Biomechanics labratory 
  • Fowler Kennedy Sport Medicine Clinic
  • Dr. Sandy Kirkley Centre for Musculoskeletal Research
  • The Bone and Joint Institute
  • The Collaborative Training Program in Musculoskeletal Health Research

Teaching Areas

  • Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
  • Musculoskeletal Health Clinical Research Methods  


  • Canada Research Chair in Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation: Tier 2, 2005-2010; Tier 1 2015-present
  • Faculty Scholar, 2011-2013
  • Early Researcher Award, Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation, 2007-2012
  • Top Canadian Achievements in Health Research Award, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Sept, 2009
  • Silver Quill Award, Canadian Physiotherapy Association, 2008

Professional Activities

  • Member of the College of Physiotherapists of Ontario
  • Member of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association