The minimum standards for admission to our graduate degrees are as follows:
Master of Science (research-based)
For the regular (two-year) M.Sc. program, we require a four-year Bachelors degree in Earth Sciences or a related field (e.g. biology, physics, chemistry, astronomy, math, civil engineering, etc.) from an accredited university. You must have achieved a minimum average of a 70%/B- (Canadian students) or the Canadian equivalent of 70%/B- (international students) over your last two years of your undergraduate degree. In practical terms, most applicants who are offered admission generally have a minimum average of at least 78%/B+.
Master of Science (course-based)
A minimum average of 75%/B (Canadian students) or the Canadian equivalent of 75%/B (international students) is required over the last two years of a four-year Bachelor's degree in Earth Sciences or a related field (e.g. biology, physics, chemistry, astronomy, math, civil engineering, etc.) from an accredited university. Any applications with an average below 75% will not be considered.
Doctor of Philosophy
For the Ph.D. program, we require a Master’s degree in Earth Sciences or a related field from an accredited university, with a minimum average of 78%/B+ (Canadian students) or the Canadian equivalent of 78%/B+ (international students) over the course of the degree.
International applicants are invited to check WES Credential Evaluation to see how their grades convert to the Canadian grading system.
English Language Proficiency
If your first language is not English, we require proof of English proficiency as a condition of admission. Our minimum requirements are at least a 92 overall on the TOEFL with no individual score falling below 20, or a 6.0 overall on the IELTS with no individual score falling below 6.0. Applicants with proficiency scores below the minimum required level will be declined as ineligible. We do not offer conditional admission based upon below-standard proficency scores.
See the How to Apply page for more information, including the circumstances under which we would consider waiving the proficiency exam.