Bipasha Baruah


Women's Studies and Feminist Research;
Canada Research Chair in Global Women's Issues

Lawson Hall 3244
Phone:519-661-2111 ext. 86316


Women make up half of the world's population, perform two-thirds of the world's working hours, receive one-tenth of the world's income and own only one-hundredth of the world's property. Yet much of the research on gender and development has focused on inequalities between men and women with respect to wages, educational opportunities, schooling outcomes, mortality and morbidity, and more recently, political participation and representation. My research identifies the social, economic, legal, cultural, political and institutional factors that influence women's ability to own property; and develops theories, methodologies and analytical frameworks for conducting interdisciplinary research on gender and property ownership.

I also conduct research on women's participation in the green economy. I explore the opportunities and constraints that low-income women face in securing equitable, healthy and decent jobs and entrepreneurial opportunities in low-carbon economies focused on renewable energy and resource efficiency in different world regional contexts. Findings from my research enable governments, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and other stakeholders to formulate appropriate policy responses to women's needs for land, housing and sustainable livelihoods.

Selected Publications

Recent Publications

Siddika, A. and B. Baruah. 2017. Can Understanding Phenomenology and Human Capabilities Help Us Address Acid Violence? South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies DOI:

Grantham, G. and B. Baruah. 2017. Women’s NGOs as intermediaries in development cooperation: findings from research in Tanzania. Development in Practice 27(7): 927-939.

Baruah. B. 2017. Women on Wheels: empowering women through an innovative training and employment programme. Development in Practice 27(2): 181-195.

Baruah, B. 2017. Renewable inequity? Women’s employment in clean energy in industrialized, emerging and developing economies. Natural Resources Forum 41(1): 18-29.

Baruah, B. 2017. Renewable inequity? Women’s employment in clean energy in industrialized, emerging and developing economies. In Cohen, M.G. (ed.). Gender and Climate Change in Rich Countries: Work, Public Policy and Action. London, UK: Routledge.

Baruah, B. 2016. NGOs as Intermediaries for Slum Electrification in Urban India. In Hodson, M. & S. Marvin (eds.). Retrofitting Cities: priorities, governance and experimentations. New York: Routledge.

Baruah, B. 2016. Electrified Publics and Informal Settlements in Urban India. In McDonald, D.A. (ed.). Making Public in a Privatized World. New York and London: Zed Books.

Baruah, Bipasha. 2016. Creating and Optimizing Employment Opportunities for Women in the Clean Energy Sector in Canada. Knowledge Synthesis Report prepared for SSHRC Knowledge Synthesis Symposium, Imagining Canada’s Future, June 1, 2016, University of Calgary.

Baruah, B. 2015. NGOs as intermediaries in post-disaster rural reconstruction: findings from research in India. Development in Practice. Accepted for publication on June 16, 2015.

Baruah, B. 2015. NGOs as Intermediaries for Pro-Poor Electrification in India: Urban Development in a Post-Neoliberal Era? Asian Journal of Social Science 43: 178-204.

Baruah, B. 2015. Creating Opportunities for Women in the Renewable Energy Sector: Findings from India. Feminist Economics.

Baruah, B. 2015. Opportunities and Constraints for Women in the Renewable Energy Sector in India. Women and Environments International 94/95: 7-10. 

Baruah, B. 2013. Education in the Commonwealth Caribbean: findings from a national adult literacy program. Development in Practice 23(3):328–334.

Baruah, B. and M. Govindan. 2015. Engaging with Gender and Other Social Inequalities in Renewable Energy Projects. In Hostettler, S., Gadgil, A. and E. Hazboun (eds.). Sustainable Access to Energy in the Global South: Essential Technologies and Implementation Approaches. New York: Springer.

Baruah, B. 2015. Electrified Publics and Informal Settlements in Urban India. In McDonald, D.A. (ed.). Making Public in a Privatized World: The Struggle for Essential Sevices. New York and London: Zed Books.

Baruah, B. 2015. NGOs as Intermediaries for Slum Electrification in Urban India. In Hodson, M. and S. Marvin (eds.). Retrofitting Cities. London, UK: Taylor & Francis.

Peer-Reviewed Monograph

Baruah, Bipasha. 2010. Women and Property in Urban India. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.

Refereed Journal Articles

Baruah, Bipasha. 2012. Women in Urban Settings. In Beall, J., Guha-Khasnobis, B., and R. Kanbur (eds.). Urbanization and Development in Asia: Multidimensional Perspectives. New York: Oxford University Press. 245-267.

Baruah, Bipasha. 2011. Monitoring gendered outcomes of environmental and development policies. Development in Practice 21(3): 410-415. Baruah, Bipasha. 2010. Energy Services for the Urban Poor: NGO Participation in Slum Electrification in India. Environment and Planning C 28(6): 1011-1027.

Baruah, Bipasha. 2010. NGOs in Microfinance: Learning from the Past, Accepting Limitations, and Moving Forward. Geography Compass 2(6): 1-14.

Baruah, Bipasha. 2010. Women and Globalization: Challenges and Opportunities Facing Construction Workers in Contemporary India. Development in Practice 20(1): 31-44.

Baruah, Bipasha. 2010. Gender and Globalization: Opportunities and Constraints Faced by Women in the Construction Industry in India. Labor Studies Journal 35(2): 198-221.

Baruah, Bipasha. 2009. Monitoring Progress towards Gender-Equitable Poverty Alleviation: The Tools of the Trade. Progress in Development Studies 9(3): 171-186.

Baruah, Bipasha. 2007. Gendered Realities: Exploring Property Ownership and Tenancy Relationships in Urban India. World Development 35: 2096-2109.

Baruah, Bipasha. 2007. Assessment of Public-Private-NGO Partnerships: Water and Sanitation Services in Slums.Natural Resources Forum: A United Nations Journal 31: 226-237. Baruah, Bipasha. 2005. Gender and Development in South Asia: Can Practice Keep Up with Theory? Canadian Journal of Development Studies 26: 677-688.

Baruah, Bipasha. 2004. Earning Their Keep and Keeping What They Earn: A Critique of Organizing Strategies of South Asian Women in the Informal Sector. Gender, Work and Organization 11: 605-626.

Baruah, Bipasha. 2003. Human Capabilities and Gender Justice: A South Asian Perspective. In Anghie, A., Chimni, B., Mickelson, K., and O. Okafor (eds.) The Third World and International Order: Law, Politics and Globalization. Leiden/ Boston: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. 19-31.

Non-refereed Research Articles, Op-eds and Blog Posts

Baruah, B. and K. Grantham 2017. How women’s NGOs are changing the world -- and not getting credit for it. The Conversation. 4 December.

Baruah, B. 2017. Short-sighted commitments on women in peacekeeping. Policy Options. November 23.

Baruah, B. and A. Siddika. 2017. Acid attacks are on the rise and toxic masculinity is the cause. The Conversation. August 14.

Baruah. B. Entrepreneurship is not for everyone. IDRC GrOW Research Bulletin Issue No. 2. July 3.

Baruah, B. and C. Gaudet. 2016. Confronting the Gender Gap in Canada’s Green Transition. This Changes Everything: The Leap. August 19.

Baruah, B. and C. Gaudet. 2016. Why should Canadians care about gender equity in clean energy employment? The Hill Times. August 15. 

Baruah, B. 2016. Development Unplugged: Reconciling Economic Security, Environmental Protection and Social Justice. Huffington Post. April 1.

Baruah, B. 2016. Development Unplugged: There's a Gender Gap in The Global Renewable Energy Workforce. Huffington Post. March 8.