Knowledge Translation in HealthWestern Health Sciences

Trainee Projects

Shawna Bourne

The health care literature identifies Evidence-Based Decision-Making (EBDM) and Knowledge Translation (KT) as two distinct but related strategies for improving health care programs, services and outcomes (1-4). EBDM is the process of making decisions with a focus on the evidence resources required to accomplish this, such as research, previous experience, client input, preference, expertise, and skill-set (1). KT is defined as the process of moving knowledge into action, a process that includes both the creation and implementation of knowledge to aid the decision-making process (5). This research aims to understand the KT practices of Environmental Health Officers (EHOs) at the frontlines of public health in Canada. The research questions proposed for this study are:

  1. How do EHOs use evidence in their everyday work?
  2. What factors influence the types of evidence EHOs use to make decisions in their everyday work?
  3. How do these EBDM practices change in emergency situations?

 

Andrea Campbell

PVS Projects

I am currently working on two projects that involve the well know persistent vegetative state researcher Dr. Adrian Owen and his research team under the supervision of Nadine Wathen, Meredith Levine, and Anita Kothari.

The first of these is from the applied or practical side of Knowledge Translation (KT). Here I am gathering documents and interview data to aid in the development of one or more KT tools. When the project is completed Dr. Owen and his Research team will have one or more tools designed to provide appropriate and accurate information to family caregivers of patients in a persistent vegetative state regarding the persistent vegetative state research.

The second project is my thesis which is more in line with the theoretical side of KT. In this project I am looking at how accurate and sensationalist television mass media regarding Dr. Owen and his team’s research is, and what this means in translating his research to the lay public.

KTA Framework Project

The final project I am working on is also theoretical and involves the Knowledge to Action Framework. My colleagues (Anita Kothari, Jen Boyko) and I are looking at alternative knowledge sources, aside from research findings, and how these can be used in areas such as public health.

Suhair Shanteer

Exploring Knowledge-Practice Gaps in Neonatal Resuscitation

Keywords: Neonatal resuscitation, Guideline Adherence, Attitude of Health Personnel, Practice Patterns

Description: The aim of this study is to explore knowledge-practice gaps in Neonatal Resuscitation. The objective is to capture health care providers' perceptions of the causes for these gaps and to explore their ideas and suggestions on how to bridge them. We will use mixed methods study design including: literature review, interviews, and an online survey. The literature review will include peer reviewed literature as well as grey literature. A cross-sectional internet-based survey will be sent to all potential neonatal resuscitation providers who work at London Health Science Centre-Victoria Hospital. Semi-structured interviews will be conducted with a subset of these providers to explore research/knwoledge-practice gaps