Department of Earth SciencesWestern Science

Admission Requirements

The minimum standards for admission to our graduate degrees are as follows:

Academic Background

Master of Science (research-based)

For the regular (two-year) M.Sc. program, we require a four-year Bachelors degree in Earth Sciences or a related field (e.g. biology, physics, chemistry, astronomy, math, civil engineering, etc.) from an accredited university. You must have achieved a minimum average of a 70%/B- (Canadian students) or the Canadian equivalent of 70% (international students) over your last two years of your degree. In practical terms, most students generally have a minimum average of at least 78%/B+.

Master of Science (course-based)

A minimum average of 75%/B is required over the last two years of a four-year Bachelor's degree in Earth Sciences or a related field (e.g. biology, physics, chemistry, astronomy, math, civil engineering, etc.) from an accredited university. Any applications with an average below 75% will not be considered.

Doctor of Philosophy

For the Ph.D. program, we require a Master’s degree in Earth Sciences or a related field from an accredited university, with a minimum average of 78%/B+ over the course of the degree.

International applicants are invited to check WES Credential Evaluation to see how their grades convert to a Canadian scale.

English Language Proficiency

If your first language is not English, we require proof of English proficiency as a condition of admission. If you have completed a minimum of one full year of study at an accredited university where English is the medium of instruction, and that university is located in a country where English is the primary language of use in the region in which you studied (e.g. Canada, United States, United Kingdom, Australia, etc.), we do not require a proficiency test.

In all other cases, applicants must complete the TOEFL or IELTS test.

Our required scores are:
TOEFL IBT
: minimum of 92, with no individual score falling below 20, and a minimum of 23 in the speaking component
IELTS
: minimum of 6.0, with no individual score falling below 6.0

If you meet the minimum requirements, please see How to Apply for information about submitting an application.