Department of Earth SciencesWestern Science

Admission Requirements

The minimum standards for admission to our graduate degrees are as follows:

Academic Background

Master of Science (research-based)

For the regular (two-year) M.Sc. program, we require a four-year Bachelors degree in Earth Sciences or a related field (e.g. biology, physics, chemistry, astronomy, math, civil engineering, etc.) from an accredited university. You must have achieved a minimum average of a 70%/B- (Canadian students) or the Canadian equivalent of 70% (international students) over your last two years of your degree. In practical terms, most applicants who are offered admission generally have a minimum average of at least 78%/B+.

Master of Science (course-based)

A minimum average of 75%/B (Canadian students) or the Canadian equivalent of 75%/B (international students) is required over the last two years of a four-year Bachelor's degree in Earth Sciences or a related field (e.g. biology, physics, chemistry, astronomy, math, civil engineering, etc.) from an accredited university. Any applications with an average below 75% will not be considered.

Doctor of Philosophy

For the Ph.D. program, we require a Master’s degree in Earth Sciences or a related field from an accredited university, with a minimum average of 78%/B+ (Canadian students) or the Canadian equivalent of 78%/B+ (international students) over the course of the degree.

International applicants are invited to check WES Credential Evaluation to see how their grades convert to the Canadian grading system.


English Language Proficiency

If your first language is not English, we require proof of English proficiency as a condition of admission. See the How to Apply page for more information.

If you meet the minimum requirements, please see How to Apply for information about submitting an application.