What's the Difference?

BIOLOGY

HEALTH SCIENCES

MEDICAL SCIENCES

At Western University, the Faculty of Science offers programs in Biology.

Modules offered by the Department of Biology allow for the study of organisms at different levels of biological organisation from how organisms interact with each other and the environment at the level of the ecosystem through to the study of individual genes in fruit flies in the laboratory.

The Faculty of Health Sciences at Western University is distinct from the Faculty of Science and the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry.

The Bachelor of Health Sciences (BHSc) program focuses on the interdisciplinary study of health and wellness in an ever-changing society, in addition to domestic and international health systems.


The Bachelor of Medical Sciences (BMSc) Program is offered jointly by the Faculty of Sciences and the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry.

Modules offered by the Basic Medical Sciences explore the molecular, cellular and systematic organisation of the human body and the biological mechanisms it uses to adapt to environmental changes and the challenge of disease.

Career Opportunities

Many graduates with Honors Degrees in Biology go on to graduate studies (MSc and/or PhD) and professional schools. There is a broad range of employment opportunities for graduates with a Biology background at all levels (BSc, MSc or PhD), including:

  • Government, agriculture, environment, fisheries, and health
  • Business and Industry: research, development and marketing in biotechnology, consulting and healthcare
  • Teaching: elementary, secondary or post-secondary institutions

Health Studies graduates have successfully established careers in a wide variety of health-related fields, including:

  • Physical, Occupational, Massage, Radiation, & Respiratory Therapy
  • Community Public Health
  • Public Sector Administration and Government Policy development
  • Biomedical ethics
  • Business (wellness and rehabilitation organisations, pharmaceuticals)
  • Graduate Studies (Health Administration, International Health Policy, Epidemiology, Clinical Anatomy, Global Health)
  • Non-profit sector (e.g., Heart and Stroke Foundation, Canadian Cancer Society)
  • Occupational Health & Safety and Clinical Trials Management
  • Education and Healthcare Law

Many graduates with BMSc degrees in Basic Medical Sciences modules go on to professional schools (e.g., medicine, dentistry, etc.) and graduate studies (MSc and/or PhD).

Other career/employment opportunities include:

  • Law: bioethics, patent development for medical products
  • Business: biotechnology, marketing, research, and development, quality control
  • Government Laboratories: agriculture, marine, and environmental sciences
  • Industry: Pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, biosafety, regulation, and enforcement
  • Teaching: elementary, secondary or post-secondary institutions