Critical Reflection Cycle
The process commonly described as professional development typically focuses on
The deliberate practice of critical reflection as a habit of mind creates a "virtuous cycle" of constant re-evaluation of perception and experience that identifies which dimensions (character or competence) have been engaged, and assess the effectiveness of that engagement. The insights arising from this discipline of self-awareness inform both what and how to improve professional practice and, ultimately, create personal satisfaction.
Gibbs process cycle for critical reflection (adapted from Williams et al. (2000)1 and Sclater (2008)2).
The Critical Reflection Cycle introduces questions that prompt a basic reflection situation which, in turn, promotes deeper reflections in evaluation, understanding, analysis, and development.
Use your understanding to describe the experience in the context of your prior knowledge, feelings, or attitudes.
Re-evaluate/analyze your experience in relation to your prior knowledge, feelings, or attitudes.
Verify/confirm that your new knowledge, feelings, or attitudes about the experience are correct.
Relate your description, analysis, and verification of the experience to gain new insights about your beliefs.
Indicate how the clarification of an issue, development of a skill, or resolution of a problem will affect future behaviour.
1 Williams, R., Sundelin, G., Foster-Seargeant, E., & Norman, G. (2000). Assessing the reliability of grading reflective journal writing. Journal of Physical Therapy Education Fall, 14(2), 23–26.
2 Sclater, N. (2008). Reflecting on reflection – Learning Innovation. Retrieved March 5, 2018, from http://sclater.com/blog/reflection-on-learning/