Character: Dimensions and Elements
Gerard Seijts and colleagues define character as "an amalgam of virtues [situationally appropriate
The model developed by Seijts et al. (2015)1 has four principal characteristics:
- each of the eleven dimensions is composed of individual elements that influence the strength of the dimension;
- the dimensions are interdependent and interact in ways that govern
overallstrength of character;
- both excess and deficits of character dimensions (and their constituent elements) can weaken overall character; and
- judgement acts as the central, coordinating dimension that regulates how overall character influences
As a character dimension and element engages in a dialogue with the following additional associated virtues.
Appreciative, inspired, purposive, future-oriented, optimistic, creative
Passionate, vigorous, results-oriented,
Cooperative, collegial, open-minded, flexible, interconnected.
Considerate, empathetic, compassionate, magnanimous, forgiving.
Self-aware, modest, reflective, continuous learner, respectful, grateful, vulnerable.
Authentic, candid, transparent, principled, consistent.
Patient, calm, composed, self-controlled, prudent.
Fair, equitable, proportionate, even-handed, socially responsible.
Takes ownership, accepts consequences, conscientious, responsible.
Brave, determined, tenacious, resilient, confident.
1Seijts, G., Gandz, J., Crossan, M., and Reno, M. (2015) Character matters: Character dimensions' impact on leader performance and outcomes. Organizational Dynamics. 44(1), 65-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.ORGDYN.2014.11.008