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Undergraduate Courses

1000 Level Courses

1001A: Biology for Science I

  • Description

    The principles of biology taught using an integrative, question-based approach. Topics include inheritance, evolution and ecology. This course is intended for students registered in the Faculty of Science.

    Instructor(s)
    N. Sharan
    V. Tai
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours. 0.5 course.
    Antirequisite(s)

    Biology 1201A, Biology 1225.

    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    Grade 12U (SB14U) Biology or Grade 11U (SB13UA) Biology and permission of the Department. A minimum mark of 80% in Grade 12 U Biology (SB14U) is recommended for students registered in a faculty other than the Faculty of Science.
    Academic Calendar

    Note: The combination of   Biology 1001A  and   1002B  (with appropriate marks) are the prerequisites for senior Biology courses and admission to modules offered by the Department of Biology and the Basic Medical Science Departments.

    Course Outline

1002B: Biology for Science II

  • Description

    The principles of biology taught using an integrative, question-based approach. This course is primarily intended for students enrolled in the Faculty of Science. Topics include enzyme structure/function, membrane structure/function, bioenergetics, photosynthesis, respiration, molecular genetics.

    Instructor(s)

    D. Maxwell

    N. Sharan

    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours. 0.5 course.
    Antirequisite(s)

    Biology 1202B, Biology 1225.

    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    Grade 12U (SB14U) Biology or Grade 11U (SB13UA) Biology and permission of the Department. A minimum mark of 80% in Grade 12U Biology (SB14U) is recommended for students registered in a faculty other than the Faculty of Science.
    Academic Calendar

    Note: The combination of   Biology 1001A  and   1002B  (with appropriate marks) are the prerequisites for senior Biology courses and admission to modules offered by the Department of Biology and the Basic Medical Science Departments.

    Course Outline

1201A: General Biology I - Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description

    This course provides an understanding of fundamental biological concepts with emphasis on function in and relevance to humans. Topics include inheritance, evolution, ecology, behaviour, ecosystem health. This course is not available to students enrolled in the Faculty of Science (students registered in the Faculty of Science should select Biology 1001A).

    Instructor(s)
    V. Tai
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours. 0.5 course.
    Antirequisite(s)

    Biology 1001A, Biology 1225.

    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    Grade 12U (SB14U) Biology or Grade 11U (SB13UA) Biology and permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar

    Note: The combination of   Biology 1201A  and   1202B  (with the appropriate marks) can be a prerequisite for senior Biology courses and admission to modules offered by the Department of Biology and the Basic Medical Science departments.

    Course Outline

     

1202B: General Biology II - Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description

    This course provides an understanding of fundamental biological concepts with emphasis on function in and relevance to humans. Topics include molecular genetics, physiology, bioenergetics. This course is not available to students enrolled in the Faculty of Science (students registered in the Faculty of Science should select Biology 1002B).

    Instructor(s)
    J. MacDonald
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours. 0.5 course.
    Antirequisite(s)

    Biology 1002B, Biology 1225.

    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    Grade 12U (SB14U) Biology or Grade 11U (SB13UA) Biology and permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar

    Note: The combination of   Biology 1201A  and   1202B  (with the appropriate marks) can be a prerequisite for senior Biology courses and admission to modules offered by the Department of Biology and the Basic Medical Science departments.

    Course Outline

1225: An Introduction to the Biology of Organisms

  • Description
    A study of the whole organism with emphasis on organization, growth, development, integration, reproduction and heredity.
    Instructor(s)
    R. Gardiner
    Hours
    3 lecture hours.  1.0 course.  Offered only by Distance Studies
    Antirequisite(s)

    Biology 1001A, Biology 1002B, Biology 1201A, Biology 1202B.

    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    Academic Calendar

    Biology 1225  is not intended to serve as a prerequisite for other Biology courses and will not fulfill the requirements for entry into the Biology modules.  

    Course Outline

1229A/B: Biology: The Secrets of Life  -  Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description

    A course intended for non-scientists who want to make sense of life from a biological point of view.  We will cover all levels from genes to ecosystems, and the biology behind curent environmental and societal issues through case studies and discussions.  Students will learn to read/interpret a scientific paper.

    Instructor(s)
    Not offered.
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 0.5 course
    Antirequisite(s)
    Biology 1001A, 1002B, 1201A, 1202B
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline
    • No Outline Available

1290B: Biology and Microorganisms

  • Description
    The fundamental principles of biology with emphasis on cell function and the role of microorganisms in public health, sanitation, food, and nutrition. Restricted to Food and Nutrition modules or by permission of the Department of Biology.
    Instructor(s)
    R. Gardiner
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    Grade 12U (SBI4U) Biology.
    Academic Calendar

    Note: May not be taken for credit by students registered in any modules offered by either the Faculty of Science or the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry.

    Course Outline

2000 Level Courses

2217B: Economic Botany

  • Description
    An introduction to economically important plants and their products, especially as sources of food, fuel, drugs and industrial raw materials. National and international programs relating to food and other plant resources.
    Instructor(s)
    R. Gardiner
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Either Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and either Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B, or Integrated Science 1001X; or registration in Foods and Nutrition modules.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

2244A: Statistics for Science

  • Description
    An introductory course in the application of statistical methods, intended for students in departments other than Statistical and Actuarial Sciences, Applied Mathematics, Mathematics, or students in the Faculty of Engineering.  Topics include sampling, confidence intervals, analysis of variance, regression and correlation.
    Instructor(s)
    B. Rubin
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Antirequisite(s)
    Economics 2122A/B, Economics 2222A/B, Geography 2210A/B, Health Sciences 3801A/B, MOS 2242A/B, Psychology 2810, Psychology 2820E, Psychology 2830A/B, Psychology 2851A/B, Social Work 2207A/B, Sociology 2205A/B, Statistical Sciences 2035, Statistical Sciences 2141A/B, Statitistical Sciences 2143A/B, Statistical Sciences 2244A/B, Statistical Sciences 2858A/B, Statistical Scienceds 2037A/B if taken prior to Fall 2010, former Psychology 2885 (Brescia), former Statistical Sciences 2122A/B, former Social Work 2205.  
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    1.0 Mathematics course or equivalent numbered 1000 or above. Statistical Sciences 1024A/B can be used to meet 0.5 of the 1.0 mathematics course requirement.
    Academic Calendar

    Note:  It may NOT be used in any degree as a 2000-level half course in Biology with a laboratory component.  Biology 2244A/B and Statistics 2244A/B are the same, cross-listed courses. 
    Course Outline

2244B: Statistics for Science

  • Description
    An introductory course in the application of statistical methods, intended for students in departments other than Statistical and Actuarial Sciences, Applied Mathematics, Mathematics, or students in the Faculty of Engineering.  Topics include sampling, confidence intervals, analysis of variance, regression and correlation.
    Instructor(s)
    J. Peter
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Antirequisite(s)
    Economics 2122A/B, Economics 2222A/B, Geography 2210A/B, Health Sciences 3801A/B, MOS 2242A/B, Psychology 2810, Psychology 2820E, Psychology 2830A/B, Psychology 2851A/B, Social Work 2207A/B, Sociology 2205A/B, Statistical Sciences 2035, Statistical Sciences 2141A/B, Statitistical Sciences 2143A/B, Statistical Sciences 2244A/B, Statistical Sciences 2858A/B, Statistical Scienceds 2037A/B if taken prior to Fall 2010, former Psychology 2885 (Brescia), former Statistical Sciences 2122A/B, former Social Work 2205.  Note:   Statistical Sciences 1024A/B  is not an antirequisite.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    1.0 Mathematics course or equivalent numbered 1000 or above. Statistical Sciences 1024A/B can be used to meet 0.5 of the 1.0 mathematics course requirement.
    Academic Calendar

    Note:  It may NOT be used in any degree as a 2000-level half course in Biology with a laboratory component.  Biology 2244A/B and Statistics 2244A/B are the same, cross-listed courses. 

    Course Outline

2290F: Scientific Method in Biology

  • Description
    A laboratory course designed to promote understanding of the scientific method by acquainting students with selected technical and conceptual tools that will enable them to generate, analyze and communicate data from experimental investigations of their own design in the areas of cell biology, population biology and genetics.
    Instructor(s)

    I. Krajnyk
    P. Gray
    M. Belton
    Hours
    6 laboratory hours.  0.5 course.    
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B, or Integrated Science 1001X. 
    Academic Calendar

    Note:  Mandatory course in most modules offered by the Department of Biology.
    Course Outline

2290G: Scientific Method in Biology

  • Description
    A laboratory course designed to promote understanding of the scientific method by acquainting students with selected technical and conceptual tools that will enable them to generate, analyze and communicate data from experimental investigations of their own design in the areas of cell biology, population biology and genetics.
    Instructor(s)

    I. Krajnyk
    P. Gray
    M. Belton
    Hours
    6 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B, or Integrated Science 1001X. 
    Academic Calendar

    Note:  Mandatory course in most modules offered by the Department of Biology.
    Course Outline

2382B: Cell Biology

  • Description
    Molecular and structural organization of cells in relation to function. Composition and dynamics of the plasma membrane and membrane-bound compartments in cells. Synthesis and trafficking of proteins. Cytoskeleton and cell motility. Membrane receptors in signal and energy transduction, cell-cell adhesion and recognition. Excitable membranes.
    Instructor(s)

     S. Damjanovski

    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B; Chemistry 1301A/B and 1302A/B or the former Chemistry 1010A/B and Chemistry 1200B. Integrated Sciencd 1001X with a minimum mark of 60% can be used as a prerequisite in place of Biology 1002B and Chemistry 1302A/B. 
    Academic Calendar

    Note:  Mandatory course in most modules offered by the Department of Biology.
    Course Outline

2471A/B: Vertebrate Biology -  Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description
    The biology of vertebrates including evolution and structural adaptation in a variety of vertebrates. Emphasis will be on features of animal biology unique to the vertebrates.
    Instructor(s)
    Not offered.
    Hours
    0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline
    • No Outline Available

2483A: Ecology

  • Description
    An introduction to ecology, the scientific study of the interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of plants, animals, and microorganisms. Ecological concepts at the organism, population and ecosystem levels will be considered, including tolerance limits, life history evolution, competition, predation, population growth and control, and ecosystem dynamics.
    Instructor(s)

    G. Taylor

    S. Macfie

    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X. 
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

2485B: Environmental Biology

  • Description
    Basic principles of environmental biology, human ecology, ecosystem structure and function. Human population growth and its impact on soil, water, energy, agriculture and natural populations of plants and animals. Environmental problems created by resource exploitation and possible solutions.
    Instructor(s)
    C. Stewart
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 2 tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Either Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and either Biology 1002B or Biology1202B, or Integrated Science 1001X. 
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

2581B: Genetics

  • Description
    The structure, transmission and expression of genetic elements in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms and populations.
    Instructor(s)

    A. Moehring

    P. McDonald

    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X; Biochemistry 2280A.
    Academic Calendar

    Note:  Mandatory course in most modules offered by the Department of Biology.
    Course Outline

2601A: Organismal Physiology

  • Description
    This course provides a general background in the mechanisms and consequences of physiological processes in plants and animals. It will take an integrated approach and include a comparative context, wherever possible. It will include hands-on laboratory work with both plants and animals.
    Instructor(s)

    C. Guglielmo

    D. Way

    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours. 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3000 Level Courses

3218G: Biology of the Fungi

  • Description
    This course provides an introduction to the fungi with emphasis on their biology, ecology, genetics and interactions with other organisms, including humans and their crops. Emphasis is on the true fungi, including yeasts, with brief treatment of other fungus-like microbes of the Kingdoms Chromalveolata and Amoebozoa.
    Instructor(s)
    G. Thorn
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    At least 1.0 course in Biology at the 2200-level or higher.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3220Z: Field Studies in Biology - Not offered in 2020 - 2021

  • Description
    Specialized field courses given by biologists from Ontario universities at various times during the year. Students should be prepared to meet travel and living expenses.
    Instructor(s)

    B. Rubin

    G. Taylor

    J. Staples

    G. Thorn

    N. Zitani

    Hours
    Sessions and hours by arrangement, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Permission of the Department of Biology. See the departmental office in January of each year for list of offerings, requirements, and credits. This course may be used as a half laboratory course.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

    See the Field Courses page

3222F: Selected Topics - Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description
    Selected topics of current interest in Biology. The topics may vary each year. Specific topics will be available from the Department prior to registration. 
    Instructor(s)
    Not offered.
    Hours
    2 lecture hours. 1 tutorial/lecture hour. 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X, and at least one half course in Biology at the 2200 level or above, or permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3222G: Selected Topics - Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description

    Selected topics of current interest in Biology. The topics may vary each year. Specific topics will be available from the Department prior to registration. 

    Instructor(s)
    Not offered.
    Hours
    2 lecture hours. 1 tutorial/lecture hour. 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X, and at least one half course in Biology at the 2200 level or above, or permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3224F: Selected Topics - Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description

    Selected topics of current interest in Biology. The topics may vary each year. Specific topics will be available from the Department prior to registration.

    Instructor(s)
    Not offered.
    Hours
    0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X, and at least one half course in Biology at the 2200 level or above, or permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3224G: Selected Topics :  Global Change Biology - Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description

    Selected topics of current interest in Biology. The topics may vary each year. Specific topics will be available from the Department prior to registration. Topic: Global Change Biology

    Instructor(s)

    D. Way

    Hours
    0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X, and at least one half course in Biology at the 2200 level or above, or permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3229G: Animal Diversity: Ancestral Vertebrates to Jellyfish

  • Description
    An introduction to animal phyla focused on understanding the diversity of body plans across the animal kingdom. Characteristics defining major animal groups, and key evolutionary designs and innovations are discussed in relation to ecology and life habits.  Both extant, and some fossil, forms will be considered to illustrate animal evolution.
    Instructor(s)
    G. Taylor
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    At least 1.0 course from:  Biology  2290F/G, Biology 2382A/B, Biology 2483A/B, Biology 2581B, Biology 2601A/B and registration in third or fourth year.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3230F: Field Research in Biology

  • Description

    This field course provides a theoretical and hands-on introduction to the planning and execution of field studies in biology using quantitative tools. A breadth of study organisms and systems will be covered. This course includes four or five field trips during the lab and lecture timeslots.

    Instructor(s)
    B. Rubin
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A, and Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X, and Biology 2244A/B or Statistical Science 2244A/B.

    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3316B: Advanced Cell Biology

  • Description
    The functional organization and physiology of cells with special reference to cellular membranes, energetics, cell motility, cell specializations, and cell-cell interactions. The course is based on the interpretation of experimental observations.
    Instructor(s)
    G. Kelly
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 2 demonstration/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2382A/B
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3326F: Cell Biology Laboratory - Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description
    Training in current cell biological methods such as tissue culture, cell fractionation, computer-assisted microscopic analysis and immunocytochemistry.
    Instructor(s)
    A. Timoshenko
    Hours
    5 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2290F/G, Biochemistry 2280A; a minimum mark of 70% in Biology 2382A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3326G: Cell Biology Laboratory

  • Description
    Training in current cell biological methods such as tissue culture, cell fractionation, computer-assisted microscopic analysis and immunocytochemistry.
    Instructor(s)
    Not offered.
    Hours
    5 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2290F/G, Biochemistry 2280A; a minimum mark of 70% in Biology 2382A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3338A: Developmental Biology

  • Description
    Principles underlying the molecular, biochemical, and cellular mechanisms by which an organism develops. Classic and contemporary perspectives in embryology and development.
    Instructor(s)
    S. Damjanovski
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2581B, and Biology 2382A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3355A: Molecular Cell Biology of Stress

  • Description
    This course will cover a range of environmental, physiological, and pathological stresses common to animal systems. The focus will be on evolutionary conserved cell stress responses, individual signaling pathways and the molecules controlling the action of specific stress stimuli.
    Instructor(s)
    A. Timoshenko
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2382A/B
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3403A:  Flora and Vegetation of Ontario - Not Offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description

    A study of the flora and vegetation of Southwestern Ontario, teaching the elements of plant classification, identification, distribution, and conservation. Students will become familiar with the dominant native and non-native flora, and the basis of their distribution as affected by geology, climate and anthropogenic changes. Some local field work included.

    Instructor(s)
    Not Offered
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    Biology 2483A/B.    NOTE:  This course will be offered in odd years.
    Academic Calendar

    Course OutlinCe

3404F: Evolution of Plants

  • Description
    This course provides an introduction to the major groups of photosynthetic organisms - now classified in three Domains and numerous Kingdoms. These organisms feed the world, produce many of today's medicines and provide numerous ecosystem functions. Lectures emphasize diversity, evolutionary relationships and importance, and labs emphasize morphology and recognition.
    Instructor(s)
    G. Thorn
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either BIology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X.
    Academic Calendar

    Note:  Offered in alternate years.

    Course Outline

3415G: Aquatic Ecology

  • Description

    This course examines water as a habitat for life and the ecology of freshwater and marine environments. Emphasis will be placed on the diversity and roles of zooplankton and microorganisms in aquatic ecosystems. Ecological impacts of ocean acidification, invasive species, and eutrophication will also be examined.

    Instructor(s)
    V. Tai
    Hours
    3lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Antirequisites, Prerequisites &
    Notes

    Antirequisite:  Biology 3222F/G

    Prerequisite:  Biology 2483A/B

    Academic Calendar

    Course Outline

3435G: Animal Ecology

  • Description
    Key concepts in applied, individual-based animal ecology: limiting factors and the ecological niche, habitat selection, ecological traps, movement, dispersal, migration, growth and bioenergetics, and physiological flexibility. Labs will integrate field-based   and quantitative approaches in the study of individual-based ecology.
    Instructor(s)
    Y. Morbey
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2483A/B, Biology 2244A/B or Statistical Sciences 2244A/B with a minimum grade of 60%. 
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3436F: Animal Behaviour

  • Description
    Introduction to the science of animal behavior with emphasis on the evolution and adaptive nature of behavior. A comparative experimental approach is used to illustrate topics such as the development, control, and organization of behavior, foraging, predation, mate choice, mating systems, parental care, communication, and social behavior.
    Instructor(s)
    G. Thompson
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Antirequisite(s)
    Psychology 3221F/G
    Pre-or Corequisite(s)
    Biology 2483A/B
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    One of the following:   Biology 2244A/B ,  Statistical Science   2244A/B , Psychology 2810 .
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3440A: Ecology of Populations

  • Description
    Knowing how many individuals of a given species there are and identifying the factors that cause population numbers to change is fundamental for conservation, fisheries, forestry, and managing everything from pest insects to pandas. This course combines the central tenets of population ecology with hands-on techniques for its practical application.
    Instructor(s)
    L. Zanette
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3.0 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2483A/B; One of Biology 2244A/B, Psychology 2810, Statistical Sciences 2244A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3442F: Conservation Biology

  • Description

    This course introduces fundamental concepts and issues in conservation biology.  We explore the three prongs fo conservation including: (1) the science involved in conserving biodiversity; (2) the political systems that directly affect conservation; (3) how to access the political system to maximize the probability of implementing conservation programs. 

    Instructor(s)
    L. Zanette
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3.0 tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    Biology 2483A/B.

    Academic Calendar

    Course Outline

3444A: Molecular Ecology

  • Description
    An introduction to the use of molecular tools in addressing both basic and applied questions in ecological research, including population, behavioural, community and ecosystem ecology. Lectures and student-led seminars develop basic knowledge and theory underlying molecular ecology, and present many recent case studies from the primary literature. 
    Instructor(s)
    T. Hain
    Hours
    2 lectures hours, 1 tutorial/lecture hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2483A/B, Biology 2581a/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3445F: Community Ecology

  • Description

    An integrative approach to ecology, stressing the structure and function of communities. Theoretical explanations for community assembly/disassembly, patterns in space and time, and emergent properties of stability and productivity are evaluated using a variety of community types as examples.

    Instructor(s)
    Z. Lindo
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2483A/B, Biology 2244A/B or Statistical Sciences 2244A/B with a minimum grade of 60%.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3446B: Wildlife Ecology and Management

  • Description
    The application of ecological principles to the management of wildlife species. Topics include techniques, harvest, predation, habitat loss and management, stocking and reintroductions, and economics of wildlife. Identification and biology of game, pest and furbearing species in laboratories; films are used frequently.
    Instructor(s)
    T. Hain
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2483A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3466B: Evolutionary Genetics

  • Description
    The study of evolution in large and small random and non-random mating populations, showing discrete and quantitative inheritance. The roles and importance of mutation, inbreeding, drift, selection and linkage.
    Instructor(s)
    M-A. Lachance
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    One of Biology 2244A/B, Statistical Sciences 2035, 2141A/B, 2244A/B, Psychology 2810; Biology 2581A/B; or permission of the Department. Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3467B: Evolution and Reproduction

  • Description
    Evolutionary concepts taught using the framework of reproduction. Topics include evolution of various forms of reproduction, sex, the cost and consequences of different mating systems, sexual antagonism, egg-sperm co-evolution, reproductive isolation between species. Current understanding of the genetic basis of evolutionary aspects of reproduction will also be discussed.
    Instructor(s)
    Not offered.
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial/lecture, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum of 60% in Biology 2581A/B. 
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3475A: Chemical Ecology

  • Description
    This course will examine how plants and animals use chemical cues to find essential resources, defend against natural enemies, locate suitable mates, and maintain social systems. How chemical ecology may be used to elucidate basic ecological problems and to provide more environmentally friendly pest management practices will also be discussed.
    Instructor(s)
    J. McNeil
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2483A/B, Chemistry 1301A/B and Chemistry 1302A/B or the former Chemistry 1100A/B and Chemistry 1200B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3484B: Patterns in the Diversity of Life

  • Description
    This course considers the large-scale patterns in the Earth's biota: patterns in life's diversification and extinction, changing the biota through time; patterns in the form and functioning of organisms, reflected in biological classification; patterns in the global distribution of life's lineages, and in their major responses to Earth's diverse climate.
    Instructor(s)
    G. Thorn
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    At least 1.0 course from: Biology 2290F/G, Biology 2382A/B, Biology 2483A/B, Biology 2581A/B, Biology 2601A/B and registration in third or fourth year.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3592A: Principles of Human Genetics

  • Description
    Genetic principles and their application to humans. Special attention will be directed to the genetic variation in our species, mutations, mechanisms of gene expression, and mapping the human genome.
    Instructor(s)
    K. Hill
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2581A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3593B: Genetic Engineering

  • Description
    An accounting of the principles in genetics that have led to advances in animal and plant breeding earlier in this century; recombinant DNA and other technologies employed in contemporary biotechnology; and the basis for continued progress in genetic engineering.
    Instructor(s)
    V. Grbic
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2581A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3594B: DNA: Genome Organization, Mutagenesis and Repair

  • Description
    This course will cover concepts related to DNA organization, replication, mutagenesis and repair in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Lecture topics will include current literature in DNA mutagenesis and repair designed to permit direct examination of concepts, experimental design, methodology, data analysis and future trends.
    Instructor(s)
    K. Hill
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2581A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3595B: Advanced Genetics

  • Description
    This course will use examples from diverse biological systems to expand basic genetic principles such as mutation, recombination, gene and genome evolution, complex inheritance and functional genomics. Current research information will be used to inform discussion of the implication and applications of these topics.
    Instructor(s)
    P. McDonald
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum grade of 70% in Biology 2581A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3596A: Genomics and Beyond: A Laboratory Course

  • Description
    A practical introduction to modern experimental approaches in genetics and molecular biology as applied to such topics as genomics (gene identification and classification), functional genomics (genome expression profiles) and bioinformatics (computational genomic analysis).
    Instructor(s)
    S. Kohalmi
    Hours
    2 lecture/tutorial hours, 4 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 70% in each of Biology 2290F/G and Biology 2581A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3596B: Genomics and Beyond: A Laboratory Course - Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description
    A practical introduction to modern experimental approaches in genetics and molecular biology as applied to such topics as genomics (gene identification and classification), functional genomics (genome expression profiles) and bioinformatics (computational genomic analysis).
    Instructor(s)
    A. Simon
    Hours
    2 lecture/tutorial hours, 4 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 70% in each of Biology 2290F/G and Biology 2581A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3597A: Regulation of Gene Expression

  • Description
    A discussion of the genetic material and molecular mechanisms governing its expression in a variety of organisms.
    Instructor(s)
    A. Percival-Smith
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2581A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3598A/B: Behavioural Genetics - Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description
    The roles of genes and genetic variation in the evolution and expression of animal behaviour are examined. Major themes include the population genetics and quantitative genetics of behaviour, the molecular biology of gene discovery, and the evolution of behavioural traits, including social traits, as studied through vertebrate and invertebrate model systems.
    Instructor(s)
    P. McDonald
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 2 tutorial hours, 0.5 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2581A/B. 
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3601A: Animal Physiology I

  • Description
    This course will examine the form and function of physiological and biochemical systems in the vast diversity of non-human animals. It will emphasize the importance of phylogeny and environmental selective pressures on the evolution of these systems. 
    Instructor(s)
    N. Mhatre
    Hours
    3 lectures hours, 2 tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 2601A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3602B: Animal Physiology II

  • Description
    This course explores the mechanisms, integration and evolution of physiological and biochemical systems within animals. By using a comparative approach, we will explore the diversity of evolutionary ⡱strategies⢑ adopted by phylogenetically distinct animals. Animals thriving in extreme environments will be featured. Human physiology will be discussed only briefly.
    Instructor(s)
    J. Staples
    Hours
    3 lectures hours, 2 tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 2601A/B. 
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3603A: Ecophysiology of Plants

  • Description
    This course introduces students to the physiological mechanisms governing the success and distribution of plants in different environments. Specific topics covered will include leaf energy balance, photosynthesis, water transport and mineral nutrition. This course will provide background information for further courses in plant ecology or plant physiology. 
    Instructor(s)
    D. Maxwell
    Hours
    2 lectures hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2601A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3625G: Techniques in Physiology & Biochemistry

  • Description
    Training in current techniques used in physiology and biochemistry. Emphasis is placed on the functional integration of systems from the molecules to the whole organism level and the assignment of function to genes. Techniques include chromatography, electrophoresis, protein and nucleic acid blotting, enzyme assays and whole organism or organelle measurements.
    Instructor(s)
    C. Guglielmo
    Hours
    1 lecture/tutorial hour, 5 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2290F/G, Biology 2382A/B; one of Biology 2601A/B, Physiology 3120 or 3140A.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

3660B: Plant Metabolism

  • Description
    Plants are photoautotrophs and biosynthesize all of their metabolites using CO2, water, micronutrients and sunlight. This course surveys the major metabolic pathways of plants, including primary (C, N, S and P assimilation, amino acid and nucleotide biosynthesis) and secondary (alkaloids, phenolics, terpeniods) metabolism, with emphasis on enzyme and pathway regulation.
    Instructor(s)
    M. Bernards
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2601A/B or permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4000 Level Courses

4200A: Selected Topics in Biology - Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description
    Taught at an advanced undergraduate level. The specific topics taught may vary each year. Consult the Department of Biology for information about the current offering.
    Instructor(s)
    Not offered.
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial/lecture hour, 0.5 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline
    • No Course Outline Available

4200B: Selected Topics in Biology - Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description

    Taught at an advanced undergraduate level. The specific topics taught may vary each year. Consult the Department of Biology for information about the current offering.

    Instructor(s)
    Not offered.
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial/lecture hour, 0.5 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline
    • No Course Outline Available

4218A: Plant Pathology

  • Description
    Plant diseases caused by abiotic and biotic factors with emphasis on effects of important pathogenic viruses, bacteria and fungi. Relationships between host, pathogen and environmental factors, epidemiology and methods of control.
    Instructor(s)
    R. Gardiner
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 3218F/G, or permission of the Department.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4223F: Marine Environments  -  Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description
    The ecological and physiological challenges posed to animal communities of marine (including intertidal, benthic, planktonic, coral reef and deep-sea) environments. Topics include: feeding, movement, defence, developmental and life cycle strategies of animals in these environments. Invertebrate examples dominate discussion but a previous course in invertebrate zoology is not a prerequisite.
    Instructor(s)
    Not offered.
    Hours
    3 lecture/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline
    • No Outline

4230B: Ecosystem Health

  • Description
    A characterization of ecosystems, contaminants, and the human health concerns. Course material will cover the production, transport, transformation and fate of environmental contaminants, with an emphasis on their anthropogenic impacts. Emphasis will include the assessment of human health exposure and biomarkers of environmentally associated disease.
    Instructor(s)
    B. Sinclair
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2483A/B or permission of the instructor or registration in year 4 or an Honors Specialization offered by the Department of Biology, Enviromental Science or the Basic Medical Sciences Department or a Major in Ecosystem Health.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4257Z: Field Studies in Biology - Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description
    Specialized field courses given by biologists from Ontario universities at various times during the year. Students should be prepared to meet travel and living expenses.
    Instructor(s)

    B. Rubin

    G. Taylor

    J. Staples

    G. Thorn

    Hours
    Sessions and hours by arrangement, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Permission of the Department. See the Department of Biology office in January each year for list of offerings, requirements, and credits. This may be used as a half laboratory course.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

    See the Field Courses page

4258Z: Field Studies in Biology - Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description
    Specialized field courses given by biologists from Ontario universities at various times during the year. Students should be prepared to meet travel and living expenses.
    Instructor(s)

    B. Rubin
    G. Taylor
    J. Staples

    G. Thorn

    Hours
    Sessions and hours by arrangement, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Permission of the Department. See the Department of Biology office in January each year for list of offerings, requirements, and credits. This may be used as a half laboratory course.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

    See the Field Courses page

4259F: Research Hypothesis Testing

  • Description
    This course will equip students with some of the basics of experimental design and statistical analysis useful for understanding, conducting and presenting biological research. The emphasis is on practical application rather than theory, and on problems of particular concern in biological studies.
    Instructor(s)
    Y. Morbey
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    Biology 2244A/B or Statistical Sciences 2244A/B (see note); and completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000-level or above.

    Academic Calendar

    Course Outline

4260A: Cellular Systems Biology - Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description

    This course focuses on using interdisciplinary systems-level methods to understand both biochemical reaction networks and gene regulatory networks.  The application of systems level knowledge to the emerging discipline of synethic biology also forms a major component of the course.

    Instructor(s)
    J. Karagiannis
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial/lecture hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above. 
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4289B: Biosystematics and Phylogenetics

  • Description
    An overview of modern approaches to the classification and identification of living organisms, dealing with such topics as molecular evolution, the theory of biological systematics, phylogenetics, DNA fingerprinting, the Tree of Life and Barcoding projects, and bioinformatics.
    Instructor(s)
    M-A. Lachance
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 2 tutorial hour, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2581A/B and completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline
    • Course Syllabus

4300G: Selected Topics in Cell Biology - Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description
    Topics will focus on current areas in cell biology and may vary each year. Prior to registration, check with the Department of Biology for specific topics. 
    Instructor(s)
    Not offered.
    Hours
    2 lectures hours per week, 0.5 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 3316A/B, Biology 3338A, and completion of at least one additional half course in Biology course at the 3000-level or above; and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4338G: Advanced Developmental Biology

  • Description
    An analysis of specific topics in the embryology and development of model organisms. The course will focus primarily on genetic and biochemical pathways which have been conserved between distantly related organisms.
    Instructor(s)
    G. Kelly
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/ tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum grade of 75% in Biology 3338A/B.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4355F: The Biology of Aging: Cellular and Molecular Aspects

  • Description
    Aging is an extremely complex multifactoral process governed by genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors. This course will explore current topics including: model organisms to study aging, identification of ⡱aging genes⢑, longevity variation among different species, signalling pathways and the role of reactive oxygen species in aging and age-associated diseases.
    Instructor(s)

    R. Cumming

    A. Powell

    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    Biology 3316A/B and enrollment in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered through the Department of Biology or the Basic Medical Science departments.
    Academic Calendar

    Note:  Completion of one of the following courses is recommended:  Biology 3338A, 3592A, 3595A, 3597A/B.

    Course Outline

4405B: Ecosystem Ecology

  • Description
    This course traces the flow of water, energy, and nutrients from their abiotic origins, to their cycles through microbes, plants, and animals. This course will synthesize current advances in ecology with established theory to offer a comprehensive survey of ecosystem pattern and process.
    Instructor(s)
    B. Branfireun
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2483A/B and 0.5 Biology course at the 3000-level.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4410F: Restoration Ecology

  • Description

    The theory and practice of restoration of habitats for native biodiversity. Topics include ecosystem functioning and relationships at various spatial scales as applied to restoration, invasive species management and reclamation of contaminated sites. The value of ecosystem services, financial and practical considerations will be discussed.  

    Instructor(s)
    T. Hain
    Hours
    3 lecture/lab hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 3442F/G and Biology3445F. 
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4412G: Biodiversity Science

  • Description

    A consideration of the major aspects of biodiversity, including the approaches and techniques used for its measurement, assessment, monitoring and management.    Biodiversity will be viewed from the level of the gene through species to ecosystems.  The causes of biodiversity loss and its ecological and socio-economic impacts will also be discussed.

    Instructor(s)

    Z. Lindo

    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 2 tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    Biology 2244A/B or Statistical Sciences 2244A/B with a minimum grade of 60% and at least 0.5 course from Biology 3440A/B, Biology 3442F/G, Biology        3445F/G.

    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4420A: Insect Biology

  • Description
    An introduction to external and internal insect anatomy and fundamentals of insect physiology. How variations in morphological and physiological traits allow insects to exploit diverse habitats worldwide will also be discussed. The laboratory component will focus on the characteristics of major insect orders and families.
    Instructor(s)
    J. McNeil
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2483A/B and 0.5 Biology course at the 3000-level. 
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4436G: Behavioural Ecology

  • Description
    A study of the relationships between animal behavior, ecology and evolution.  Topics include: behavioral genetics and learning; mating systems, reproductive strategies and parental investment; foraging behavior, predation and competition; social groups and communication.
    Instructor(s)
    G. Thompson
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    Biology 3436F/G or Psychology 3221F/G and either completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses from the 3000 level or above, or registration in year 4 of the Honors Specialization in Animal Behaviour.

    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4441F: Special Topics in Evolution - Not offered in 2021 - 2022

  • Description
    A critical examination of topics in evolutionary biology such as levels of selection, speciation, patterns of diversification, origin and radiation of selected groups, biogeography, and taxonomy and phylogeny.
    Instructor(s)
    Not offered.
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/discussion hours, 0.5 course
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Either completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses from the 3000-level or above, or registrationi n Year 4 of the Honors Specialization in Animal Behaviour; or special permission from the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4510B: Special Topics in Genetics

  • Description
    Topics will focus on current areas in Genetics and may vary each year.  Prior to registration, check with the Department of Biology for specific topics.
    Instructor(s)
    T.B.A.
    Hours
    2 lecture hours per weeik
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    1.0 Biology course at the 3500-level and completion of at least one additional half course in Biology at the 3000-level or above; and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.

    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline
    • No Outline

4515B: Genome Biology

  • Description
    The course will present concepts, techniques and approaches that represent basis for the field of modern genomics.  The course focus is on the power of genomic and whole genome sequencing as a tool to understand whole genome regulation, expression and interactions between different genomes and discuss experimental design in genomics.
    Instructor(s)
    V. Grbic
    Hours
    2 lectures hours per week, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    1.0 course from: Biology 3592A/B, Biology 3593A/B, Biology 3594A/B, Biology 3595A/B, Biology 3596A/B, Biology 3597A/B, Biology 3598A/B; and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.  
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4540G: Developmental Genetics

  • Description

    An overview of the genetic principles applied to dissection of biological development in select model organism.  Particular emphasis will be placed on axial patterning, morphogens and lateral inhibition.

    Instructor(s)
    M. Grbic
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 3338A/B or Biology 3597A/B
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4560B: Human Molecular Genetics

  • Description
    This course will offer an up-to-date examination of the current status of human genetics with emphasis on the molecular information. The specific course content is expected to change from year to year reflecting research progress, including the human genome project.
    Instructor(s)
    M. Grbic
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 3592A and Biology 3596A/B; one additional 0.5 course in Biology at the 3000 level or above; and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered through the Department of Biology or a Major in Genetics.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4561F/G: Genes & Genomes I

  • Description

    An examination of genome-level analytic methods in the context of more accurately defining the genotype-phenotype relationship.  Topics to be covered include functional genomics, synthetic genomics, genome-wide association studies, machine learning, and synthetic genetic arrays.

    Instructor(s)
    Not offered.
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 3596A/B; and one of the following: Biology 3594A/B, Biology 3595A/B, Biology 3597A/B; and one additional 0.5 course in Biology at the 3000 level or above; and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module or a Major in Genetics offered through the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4562B: Genes & Genomes II

  • Description
    An examination of our understanding of the organization, structure and function of the genes and genomes of plants, emphasizing recent developments in plant molecular genetics involving model organisms. Topics include plant gene expression, mapping of plant genes, molecular tools for DNA transfer, the interrelationship of nuclear, mitochondrial and chloroplast genes.
    Instructor(s)
    S. Kohalmi
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above; and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module or a Major in Genetics offered through the Department of Biology; or permission of the instructor.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4563B: Genome Evolution

  • Description
    This course will explore the diversity of genomic architecture across the eukaryotic tree of life.  You will examine strange and bizarre genomes - genomes that break all the rules.  Discussion will involve controversial hypotheses about genome evolution and the scientists who developed them.
    Instructor(s)
    Not offered.
    Hours
    2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial/lecture hour.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4583G: Molecular Genetics Laboratory

  • Description

    Project-based inquiry focused on refining the laboratory skills of senior genetics students. Experimental approaches will include analysis of gene expression usig modern tools and techniques.

    Instructor(s)
    B. Murphy
    Hours
    4 laboratory hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    A minimum mark of 70% in each of Biology 3596A/B and 1.0 course from: Biology 3466A/B, Biology 3592A/B, Biology 3593A/B, Biology 3594A/B, Biology 3595A/B, Biology 3597A/B, Biology 3598A/B; and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization in Genetics or permission of the Genetics Undergraduate Coordinator.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4602F:  Thermal Physiology

  • Description

    This course examines the roles of heat and temperature as “master regulators” of physiology and biochemistry. It will emphasize how mechanisms underlying thermal effects integrate over spatial and temporal scales. Illustrative examples will be taken from the primary literature about organisms living in extreme or rapidly changing thermal environments.

    Instructor(s)
    J. Staples
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    At minimum mark of 65% in one of Biology 3601A/B or Biology 3602A/B. 
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4608G: Environmental Plant Physiology

  • Description
    Analysis of the primary literature on the physiological responses of plants to the environment.  Topics include plant hormones and stress responses.  Students will be encouraged to think broadly about plant biology, both its role in society (e.g. food safety and security, alternative fuels) and the scientific process (experimental design, publication).
    Instructor(s)
    S. Macfie
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Biology 2601A/B; registration in a Biology module and completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000-level or above. Biology 3603A/B and Biology 3660A/B are recommended.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4611F: Physiology of Animal Migration

  • Description
    The study of animal migration, focusing on migration as a life history trait, integrating physiology and biochemistry with ecological and evolutionary processes.
    Instructor(s)
    K. Hobson
    Hours
    3 lecture hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Either Biology 2601A/B or Physiology 3120, and either completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses from the 3000-level or above, or registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization in Animal Behaviour.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4920F: Seminar in Biology

  • Description
    Current research in biology critically reviewed and discussed through a combination of student presentations and written assignments. 
    Instructor(s)
    G. Taylor
    Hours
    3 seminar/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Antirequisite(s)
    Biology 4944F/G, 4950F/G, the former Biology 4930F/G, the fromer Biology 4931F/G.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered through the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar

    Course Outline

4920G: Seminar in Biology

  • Description
    Current research in biology critically reviewed and discussed through a combination of student presentations and written assignments. 
    Instructor(s)
    G. Taylor
    Hours
    3 seminar/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Antirequisite(s)
    Biology 4944F/G, 4950F/G, the former Biology 4930F/G, the former Biology 4931F/G.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered through the Department of Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4944G: Seminar in Ecology and Evolution

  • Description
    Current research in ecology and evolution critically reviewed and discussed through a combination of student presentations and written assignments. 
    Instructor(s)
    H. Henry
    Hours
    3 lecture/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Antirequisite(s)
    Biology 4920F/G, Biology 4950F/G, the former Biology 4930F/G, the former Biology 4931F/G.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000-level or above and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization in Biology.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4950F: Seminar in Genetics

  • Description
    Current research in genetics critically reviewed and discussed through a combination of student presentations and written assignments.
    Instructor(s)
    Various Faculty
    Hours
    3 lecture/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Antirequisite(s)
    Biology 4920F/G, Biology 4944F/G, the former 4930F/G, the former Biology 4931F/G
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    A minimum grade of 70% in Biology 3596A/B and enrolment in year 4 of the Honors Specialization in Genetics, or permission of the Genetics Undergraduate Cordinator.

    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4950G: Seminar in Genetics

  • Description
    Current research in genetics critically reviewed and discussed through a combination of student presentations and written assignments.
    Instructor(s)
    Not offered.
    Hours
    3 lecture/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Antirequisite(s)
    Biology 4920F/G, Biology 4944F/G, the former Biology 4930F/G, the former Biology 4931F/G
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    A minimum grade of 70% in Biology 3596A/B and enrolment in year 4 of the Honors Specialization in Genetics, or permission of the Genetics Undergraduate Cordinator.

    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4970F: Independent Study in Biology

  • Description

    A project course in a particular field under the direction of a faculty member.

    Please find the link here to the presentation in pdf form outlining Independent Research Project in Biology 4999E and B4970/4971.

    Choose a supervisor. A list of faculty able to support research projects for any given academic year is posted within the Department early in the Winter term. A list is given HERE - but students are encouraged to visit faculty profiles on the Department of Biology website and view the research interests of Biology faculty to find one or more who's research interests them. They should then make an appointment with potential supervisors to discuss possible projects. Students should also take an unofficial transcript with them to these meetings.

    Instructor(s)
    various
    Hours
    8 laboratory/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology or an Honors Double Major in Biology (which includes a Major in Biology). Students must have arranged a project with a supervisor before completing registration. A current listing of projects is available from the Biology Department Office.  See research notice boards for areas of specialization of the faculty and fields available.   
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4970G: Independent Study in Biology

  • Description

    A project course in a particular field under the direction of a faculty member.

    Please find the link here to the presentation in pdf form outlining Independent Research Project in Biology 4999E and B4970/4971.

    Choose a supervisor. A list of faculty able to support research projects for any given academic year is posted within the Department early in the Winter term. A list is given HERE - but students are encouraged to visit faculty profiles on the Department of Biology website and view the research interests of Biology faculty to find one or more who's research interests them. They should then make an appointment with potential supervisors to discuss possible projects. Students should also take an unofficial transcript with them to these meetings.

     

    Instructor(s)
    various
    Hours
    8 laboratory/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology or an Honors Double Major in Biology (which includes a Major in Biology). Students must have arranged a project with a supervisor before completing registration. A current listing of projects is available from the Biology Department Office.  See research notice boards for areas of specialization of the faculty and fields available. 
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

4971G/Z: Independent Study in Biology

  • Description

    A project course in a particular field under the direction of a faculty member.

    Please find the link here to the presentation in pdf form outlining Independent Research Project in Biology 4999E and B4970/4971.

    Choose a supervisor. A list of faculty able to support research projects for any given academic year is posted within the Department early in the Winter term. A list is given HERE - but students are encouraged to visit faculty profiles on the Department of Biology website and view the research interests of Biology faculty to find one or more who's research interests them. They should then make an appointment with potential supervisors to discuss possible projects. Students should also take an unofficial transcript with them to these meetings.

    Instructor(s)
    various
    Hours
    8 laboratory/tutorial hours, 0.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    This course allows students to take two semesters of independent research: one in the Fall Biology 4970F, and then Biology 4971G/Z in the Winter, OR Winter 4970G and then 4971G/Z in the following Fall. Therefore, it requires Biology 4970F OR 4970G as a prerequisite.

    Registration in year 4 of an Honours Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology. Students must have arranged a project with a supervisor before completing registration. A current listing of projects is available from the Biology Department Office. See research notice boards for areas of specialization of the faculty and fields available.

    Download and fill in the Biology 4971G/Z application form found below:

    Course Outline

4998E: Synthetic Biology: Application of Principles and Practice

  • Description

    In this course students will develop project proposals in Synthetic Biology through group and peer workshops. The final project will be presented and subsequently executed in an open laboratory using the reagents provided.

    Instructor(s)
    J. MacDonald
    Hours
    Minimum of 15 hours per week, including a weekly 2-hour tutorial. 1.5 course.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes

    Biology 359A/B, Biochemistry 3392F/G. 

    Pre-or Corequisite(s): Science 3377A/B

    Academic Calendar

    Course Outline

4999E: Honors Research Thesis

  • Description

    Please find the link here to the presentation in pdf form outlining Independent Research Project in Biology 4999E and B4970/4971.

    NOTE: Information provided is still for the 2020/2021 year. Course information will be updated later in 2021 as we also have to see what impact COVID will have to 2021/2022. However, there is ONE major change to this course for the next two years: Biology 4999E projects can ONLY be supervised by a regular Biology faculty member, a Cross-Appointed or Adjunct Faculty in Biology.

    Due to COVID we have to implement changes to our courses to comply with new regulations. Please check the new and revised application form for details. The link to the 2021/2022 form can be found HERE. For comparison please also check the description for Biology 4970F/G. A link to the Biology 4970 application is HERE. The deadline for Biol4999 starting in Sept 2021 has been extended to June 30. This ONLY applies to projects which do NOT require any field work during the summer.

    A major laboratory or field project in Biology that emphasizes experimental design, instrumentation, collection and analysis of data and communication of experimental results by oral and written presentations.

    Biology 4999E provides an opportunity for students to conduct an independent research project in the lab of a Biology Faculty member or Adjunct Faculty member. The Regulations for Biology Research Projects are listed in the course outline (see below for the 2019/2020 pre-COVID and the 2020/2021 during COVID course outlines). Spaces are limited, and students wishing to pursue a research project must do two important things:

    1. Choose a supervisor. A list of faculty able to support research projects for any given academic year is posted within the Department early in the Winter term. A list is given HERE - but students are encouraged to visit faculty profiles on the Department of Biology website and view the research interests of Biology faculty to find one or more who's research interests them. They should then make an appointment with potential supervisors to discuss possible projects.  Students should also take an unofficial transcript with them to these meetings.

    2. Submit an application to the Department. The application form should be downloaded and completed with appropriate signatures. Email completed application form to the Biology 4999E Course Coordinator Susanne Kohalmi: skohalmi@uwo.ca.

    Coordinator(s)
    S. Kohalmi
    Hours
    Minimum 15 laboratory hours per week and during the first term an additional 2 seminar hours per week; 1.5 course.
    Antirequisite(s)
    Biology 4970F/G, Biology 4971G.
    Prerequisites &
    Notes
    Registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered through the Department of Biology. Students must have arranged a project with a supervisor before completing registration. In the Spring see Biology notice boards for research areas of specialization of the faculty and fields available.
    Academic Calendar
    Course Outline

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