Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives

It is a simple task to write MCQ which test at the knowledge and comprehension levels but well designed MCQ can test the higher levels of learn­ing as well.

Bloom's ChartBloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives - Cognitive Domain

If the objectives of your course require students to be able to apply knowledge to novel situations or to integrate information to determine outcomes etc. then it is essential that you design questions which measure these skills. If you test only at the knowledge level then students will ignore the stated objectives and learn the material at the level of the examination questions. Likewise, it is unfair to have objec­tives or teach the material only at the knowledge/compre­hen­sion level but ask questions (whether MCQ or Essay Style) which require higher-order learning.