TUTOR-PHC - A Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Strategic Training Program

 

About TUTOR-PHC

Definitions

 

 

PRIMARY HEALTH CARE

World Health Organization
Primary health care is …. the first level of contact of individuals, the family and community with the national health system bringing health care as close as possible to where people live and work, and constitutes the first element of a continuing health care process. http://www.who.int/hpr/NPH/docs/DeclarationAlmaAta.pdf

 

Health Canada
Primary health care is the first point of contact for Canadians with the health system, often through a family physician. Modern health care requires the services of a range of health care providers such as physicians, nurses, physiotherapists and pharmacists. The work of all these providers will be enhanced through close coordination and teamwork.
http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ph ctf-fassp/english/about.html

 

INTERDISCIPLINARY
Interdisciplinary is the ability to analyze, synthesize and harmonize links between disciplines into a coordinated and coherent whole (CIHR 2001)

 

INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH
A cooperative effort by a team of investigators, each expert in the use of different methods and concepts, who have joined in an organized program to attack a challenging problem. Ongoing communication and reexamination of postulates among team members promote broadening of concepts and enrichment of understanding. Although each member is primarily responsible for the efforts in his or her own discipline, all share responsibility for the final product. Institute of Medicine, 2002 (adapted from Luszki, 1958)

 

TRANSDISCIPLINARY
"Transdisciplinary is the integration and transformation of fields of knowledge from multiple perspectives in order to define, address, and resolve complex real-world problems."
http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca/e/37630.html

Incorporates and goes beyond interdiscioplinary
(CIHR, 2001) http://www.cihr-irsc.gc.ca