following lexicon is intended to provide the reader
with easy access to Piggy and its context. To preserve
something of the effluvia of pig-related idioms contemporary
with Buchanan, and to avoid introducing anachronistic
definitions, I have drawn on nineteenth-century dictionaries
of farming terms in compiling this glossary. I have
not included every porcine term in Piggy (for
instance “spare ribs” is omitted because
still in common usage), and I have defined a few words
not in Piggy, in order to give the reader a
sense of its agricultural and academic context. Not
all the meanings given here are exactly those carried
by the terms in Piggy and its historical context:
Buchanan uses some of these words, such as “lard,”
“porker” and “the” metaphorically;
and she sometimes invests her pigs with unusual properties,
such as the pig’s ability to help with mortgages
but not with RRSPs or successful SSHRCC proposals.
albacore A young pig.
Anthony, Saint The patron saint of swineherds,
to whom one of each litter was usually vowed. “‘What
is an Anthony?’....’The littlest pig, your
honour. The little pig is always Anthony’.”—Standard
(1867). See funds, transfer.
bacon The back sides of the pig, ‘cured’
by salting, drying, etc. or the carcase of a pig; rarely
a live pig. “‘Mmm...makin’ bacon on
the beach...!’”—Groening (1993). See
baconer A pig fit for being made into bacon.
See appointment, part-time.
barrow A male pig.
Berkshire An English county, applied to
a breed of pig.
boar A wild species of pig (susscrofa)
found in the forests of Europe, Asia, and Africa. See
bonham (Irish) A sucking-pig. See student,
brawn The flesh of the boar. See essays,
Brucellosis An infection in swine or humans
caused by the bacteria Brucella abortus or
Demana colaboratis. Symptoms include fatigue,
anxiety, self-denial and loghorrea. See Open
Bunging The loosening of a pig’s
anus and reproductive tract during the process of eviscerating
a carcase. “Feminism, like writing, is an open
colon, a what comes now”—Van Herk (1990).
See theory, literary and cultural (as an academic
chap The lower half of the cheek of a pig
or other animal as an article of food. See carpe
chitterling The smaller intestines of beasts,
as of the pig, especially as an article of food prepared
by fryeing. See mode, low mimetic.
clostridium ‘Baby Pig Disease’
caused by a genus of bacteria that are typically spindle-shaped,
many species of which are pathogenic, and others of
which have industrial and other applications. See studies,
cockagrice In early cookery, a dish consisting
of an old cock and a pig boiled and roasted together.
See marriage, academic (second).
crackled Of roast pork: having the skin
crisp and hard. See Dean.
crap The residue formed in rendering, boiling,
or melting pig’s fat. “Crappins or Craps,
the shreds from pig’s fat, after the lard is melted
out.” —Robinson (1876). See creative
writing course, undergraduate.
crepinette Minced meat with sauce or farce,
wrapped in pieces of pork caul. See English
Studies in Canada, article in.
crew Pig-sty. See Guelph, University
crubeen (Anglo-Irish) The foot of an animal,
especially a cooked pig’s foot. “Florence
MacCabe takes a crubeen and a bottle of double X for
supper every Saturday”—Joyce (1922). See
cushion In a horse, pig, etc.: the fleshy
part of the buttock. See administration, university.
distemper In pigs, pig typhoid etc., a
disease characterized by catarrh, cough, and loss of
strength. See association, faculty;
see also budget cuts, vertical.
ditch pig Slang term used by fraternity
brothers and university football players to describe
unattractive members of the opposite sex. See Dworkin,
doll A pet form of the name Dorothy, hence
given generically to a female pet, a mistress. Also
the smallest pig in a litter. “O pleasant companion:
O little pretie doll polle”—Cooper (1578).
See Feminism, targets of.
dung The excrement or faeces of animals
(rarely, except at academic conferences, of humans),
as cow-dung, horse-dung, pig’s dung, etc.. See
enfarce To stuff a suckling pig etc. with
forcemeat. See perversity, polymorphous (as
reason for revoking tenure).
engammon To get into the haunch of a pig.
See turpitude, gross moral (as reason for revoking
elt (also hilt) A young
sow or pig. See sophomore.
Essex Pig of a kind bred originally in
Essex, England. See student, international.
exsanguination The draining of blood from
the carcase of a pig or other animal. See work,
faggot A sort of cake, roll or ball made
of chopped liver and lights, mixed with gravy, and wrapped
in pieces of pig’s caul. “Where flaming
faggots aid the vital heat”—Mackay (1797).
See correctness, political.
fat-back (U.S.) A strip of fat from the
back of a pig. See thesis, article from.
first spear In pig-sticking, the first
lance to enter the pig. “A first-spear which merely
pricks the pig in the buttock is a matter for shame”
—Blackwood Magazine (1920). See article,
flare The ‘leaf’ of fat about
the kidneys of a pig. See pay, merit.
frill The puckered edge of the fat which
is stropped from the entrails of a pig. See contract,
social (“Rae Days”).
galt A boar or hog.
gamble The crooked piece of wood used to
hang up a pig or other slaughtered animal. See review,
gilt A young sow or female pig.
golf Of a pig: to grunt or snort, as in
rage. See criticism, Marxist.
gralloch To disembowel, properly of a deer
but also of a pig etc.. See reviews, post-tenure.
grice Young pig.
griceling Little pig.
griskin The lean part of the loin of a
bacon pig. See British Columbia, University
groin The snout, especially of a pig. See
grout Of a pig: to ‘muzzle’
or turn up the ground with the snout. See conference,
academic, schmoozing at.
grumphie (or grumphy)
A quasi-proper name for the pig. See Doctor.
grumps (also cattle grumbs)
The immature forms of two species of warble (or heel)
flies that attack swine, cattle, and other animals.
See studies, cultural and criticism, psychoanalytic.
grunt The characteristic low gruff sound
made by a hog; a similar sound made by other animals.
grunter An animal or person that grunts,
especially a pig. See Professor, Associate.
gruntle The snout of a pig or other animal.
See assistant, teaching.
gruntling A little grunter, a young pig.
See Professor, Assistant.
gussie A pig. “A great fat gussie
o’ a loon they ca’ Jock Webster”—Crockett
(1895). See Limbaugh, Rush.
gry The grunt of a pig. See paper,
Hampshire Pig of a kind bred originally
in Hampshire, England.
haslet A piece of meat to be roasted, especially
part of the entrails of a hog. See undergraduate.
higgle To buy and fatten up an animal such
as a pig for market. See fellowship, graduate.
higgledy-piggledy To run about aimlessly
and in a panic, as with pigs being rounded up to go
to market. See seminar, graduate.
hodge The stomach of a pig, cleaned out
and eaten as tripe. See theory, critical.
hog A swine reared for slaughter, specifically
a castrated male swine, a barrow-pig. “You either
root like a hog, or you die a pig”—Bird
(1985). See student, male graduate.
hoggish Of, belonging to, or characteristic
of a hog or pig. Swinish, piggish, coarsely self-indulgent
or gluttonous; mean, selfish. See professorial. “Is
not a hoggish life the height of some Men’s Wishes?”—Shaftesbury
(1711). See professorship.
hogling A young or little pig. See student,
(or pig’s wash) Kitchen swill
or brewery refuse as food for swine. “The wretched,
bloody, and usurping Boare...Swilles your wrm blood
like wash, and makes his trough In your embowel’d
bosomes”—Shakespeare (1594). See club,
faculty, food at.
hog-wash The swill of a brewery given to
hogs. See work, sessional.
in a pig’s eye, ear, or arse A derisive
retort. “In a pig’s eye or arse you will”—Lambert
(1951). See theory, speech-act.
in-pig Of a sow: pregnant. See appointment,
jinker A dodging person or beast such as a
pig. See poet, belated.
lady’s hood The omentum of a pig.
See jargon, critical.
landpike An inferior type of pig. See pig,
landrace A large white pig originally developed
in Denmark, now used elsewhere to produce bacon. See
lard The external fat of the abdomen of
a swine, much used in cooking. “And there’s
lard—snowy lard—sometimes soft, sometimes
hard” —Buchanan (c. 1915). See assistant,
research and/or editorial.
larded Stuffed with fat bacon; smeared
with lard, greased. See curriculum vitae.
Large Black A pig belonging to the variety so called
(formerly called the Devonshire pig). See Rushton,
Large White A pig belonging to the variety
so called (formerly called the Yorkshire Pig). See Reform
learned Of an animal trained to make a
show of intelligence. “I have a competitor for
fame...in the Learned Pig”—Cowper (1785).
Lincolnshire Curly-Coat A pig of an extinct
breed so called. See scholar.
link One of the divisions of a chain of
sausages or black puddings. See Quebec, Université
magic realism Vague critical term applied
by academics to a specific type of fantastic writing.
“When a pig flies in a novel you don’t like,
that’s fantasy, and you stop reading that crap
when you’re twelve if you’ve got any sense;
when a pig flies in a novel you like, that’s magic
realism, and there’s a hell of a lot of good articles
in it”—Needle (1985).
mermaid-pie A suckling pig baked whole
in a crust. See studies, interdisciplinary.
Moeritherium An extinct mammal of pig-like
proportions. See criticism, structuralist.
mock-brawn A culinary preparation made
in part with the flesh of a pig’s head. See post-modernism.
mort (also mord) Lard;
pig’s grease. “Nif any-body-va got a bad
leg or ort, there idn no fineder thing vor-t-n mort-n
chalk”—West Somerset Gloss (1886).
See paper, conference.
mouse In swine, the strongest muscle in
the shoulder of a pig, which, when drawn out quickly
from the flitch, makes a squeaking noise. See response,
mudlark A poetical name for a pig. “Or
fry the mud-lark’s odiferous wing”—Campbell
(1801). See don.
Murphy’s countenance (slang) A pig’s
face. See gown, academic.
mythographic A literary technique whereby
local details are subordinated to archetypal patterns.
“The death of Marvan’s pig is a mythographic
way of recording the murder of inspired poetry by a
new-fangled academicism”—Graves (1955).
See Frye, Northrop.
nicknamer One who nicknames another person
or thing. “The nicknamer of genius called this
brand of genius ‘pig philosophy’”—Huxley
(1894). See Bloom, Harold.
nuddle To push with the nose; to press
close to the ground in this way; to grovel. “A
pig in a poke...grunting and nuddling to get out”—More
(1865). See schmoozing.
nuzzle To keep the nose pressed at or about,
to press or rub the nose against something. “Every
pig takes its own place, and nuzzles at the udder with
the teat held in its mouth”—Stephens (1855).
See nosing, brown.
oink Of a pig: to utter its characteristic
sound; to make a similar sound; to grunt like a pig.
“One young guy...leaned back in his chair and
made a couple of oinks, and said ‘I smell pig’”—Wambaugh
(1973). “They oinked at him, in concert, just
about every time he opened his mouth” —McFadden
(1978). See procedure, grievance.
on the pig’s back In a fortunate
position; on top of the world; riding high; tenured.
“Basil is on the pig’s back”—Wadman
(1949). See tenure.
organ A musical instrument only rarely
and poorly played by pigs. “No more skill...than
a Pig playing upon the Organs”—Erasmus,
trans. Kennet (1683). See poetry.
overall An item of clothing sometimes worn
by pigs. “Martin had donned the Pig’s Full
Dress...and...in its...blue overalls...he really did
look most striking”—Waugh (1960). See jacket,
pen To confine or shut up cattle, pigs,
etc. in an enclosure. See retreat, department.
pettitoes The feet of a pig; especially
as an article of food. See fetishization.
pig (also piggy) in the
middle A children’s game. See oral, thesis.
pig The young of swine; a young sow or
boar. “A pig is a pig from birth till six or eight
months old, when it becomes a boar, a hog, or a sow”
—Stillwell (1905). “I am a pig, what d’you
think of that?”—Mitford (1945). By extension:
a swine of any age, a hog; the animal or its use as
an article of food; and animals in some way resembling
a pig. Applied, usually contemptuously or opprobriously,
to a person, or to another animal (cf. French cochon).
“[I] knew him well, the selfish old pig”—Allen
(1885). “That yeller-haired pig with the pink
dress on!” —O’Neill (1931). See Professor.
pig bed A place where a pig lies; a pigsty,
a pig’s lair. See Carleton, University.
pigdom The condition of being a pig; the
realm of pigs. “Every phase of human hoggishness
developed by excess into an unmitigated pigdom is there
illustrated”—Sala (1878). “No doubt
a very refined and cultivated specimen of pigdom”—Allen
(1884). See academia.
pig’s eye As in colloquial saying
“In a pig’s eye”: something unlikely
to happen; an impossibility; a sarcastic response to
a ludicrous statement. See metafiction, historiographic.
pigfully In a manner befitting a pig. “And...didn’t
the two little pigs concerned play their parts pigfully!”—Atkinson
(1891). See dialogue.
piggish Of, pertaining to, or characteristic
of a pig. Piglike; hoggish; stubborn; selfish; mean;
unclean; vile. See professorate.
piggy A little pig, or animal so called;
also playfully applied to a child; suggestive of pigs.
See Buchanan, Mary.
piggy-man Slang term primarily used in
the Southern U.S. to refer to one who fawningly does
the bidding of others in order to curry favour and advance
up the social ladder. “Now, I’m going to
ride my little piggy-man out of here!”—Carvey
(1992). See graduate student.
piggy-wiggy (also piggy-wig) A childish
rhyming extension of piggy: a little pig. “And
there in the wood a Piggy wig stood, With a ring at
the end of his nose”—Lear (1879). See verse,
pigheaded Having a head like that of a
pig; usually, having the mental qualities ascribed to
a pig; obstinate; stupid, perverse. “Your pigs
are far more intelligent than the other animals, and
therefore the best qualified to run the farm....What
was needed (someone might argue) was not more communism
but more public-spirited pigs.”—Eliot (1944).
See committee, SSHRCC.
pig in a blanket A meal made by wrapping
a sausage or weiner in pastry and cooking the resulting
combination. See affair, academic; with undergraduate.
pig-jump (Australian slang) To jump in
a frolicsome way from all four legs, without bringing
them together. See criticism, dialogic.
pig Latin An invented language formed by
systematic distortion of the source language. “‘Fee-a-Zuck
yee-a-zoo, I’m wee-a-zith ee-a-zit!’ Cliff
remembered his father’s warning about obscenities,
but in carney pig-Latin, it didn’t sound too bad”—Moore
(1978). See semiotics.
pigless Without a pig or pigs; having no
pigs. See criticism, psychoanalytic.
piglet A little pig. “The little
piglets...toddle sweetly about”—Broughton
(1883). See student, third-year.
piglike Like, or like that, of a pig. “Their
voice, a pig-like grunt”—Mammalia (1849);
“Also he had absorbed, by the uniqueness of his
retardation and by his proximity to his animal friends,
certain piglike expressions and gestures”—Irving
(1993). See professorial.
pigling A little or young pig; a suckling
pig. “Then every Piglin she commends, And likens
them to all their swinish Friends”—Winchelsea
(1713). See student, first-year.
pigly Of, pertaining to, or befitting a
pig. “I believe that pigly grace consists in plumpness
and comparative shortness.”—Trollope (1859).
pirlie pig A small money-box with a slot
to insert coins. See Council, Arts of Nova Scotia.
pigs in clover A children’s game.
pigsty A shelter for pigs; a dwelling fit
only for a pig; a miserable or dirty hovel. See office,
pig’s wash (or pigwash)
The swill of a brewery or kitchen given to pigs. “If
I had not seen that... pig-wash, even if I could have
got plenty of it, was a poor sourt of thing, I should
never have looked life fairly in the face.”—Eliot
(1866). See club, faculty, food.
pig’s whisper Stage whisper. See
pigtail A twist of hair, tobacco, or other
substance resembling the tail of a pig. See Kristeva,
placing (or chalking)
the pig’s eye or putting on the pig’s tail.
A children’s game. See influence, anxiety
poke A bag or small sack, chiefly in the
proverbial phrase to buy a pig in a poke. See Lacan,
porcine Of or consisting of swine; related
to or resembling a pig. “In [North America] the
porcine genus are all hogs. One never hears of a pig.”—Trollope
(1862). See instructor, sessional.
pork A swine, a hog, a pig. “Woe
to the young posterity of Pork! Their enemy is at hand.”—Southey
(1799). See Klein, Ralph and Harris, Mike.pork
chop A slice of pork. See work, consulting.
porket A small or young pig or hog. See
porkling A little or young pig. “The
other...devoured a whole Boar, a hundred Loaves, a Weather,
and a Porkling.”—Agrippa’s Van.
porknell Someone as fat as a pig. See bureaucrat,
porkrell A young swine; a pig. “Shoats,
or Porkrels are their general Food.”—Clayton
pudding The stomach or one of the entrails
of a pig or other animal stuffed with a mixture of meat,
oatmeal, seasoning, etc.. See party, ACCUTE
wine and cheese.
puff-pig A name for the common porpoise.
See Chair, department.
pyne pig A container for the keeping of
money; a savings box. See account, research.
razor-back A pig having a sharp ridge-like
back. See deconstruction.
rearing-bone The hip-bone of a pig.
ringing The act of providing with a ring
or rings, especially the putting of a ring in the nose
of a bull or pig. “Yet surely ringing [of swine]
is needful and good.”—Tusser (1573). See
ringle A metal ring, chiefly for a pig’s
nose. See language, gender-neutral.
rit The smallest and weakest pig of a litter;
a child or person of similar characteristics. See student,
roaster A pig, or other article of food,
fit for roasting. “O, that beautiful little sow!
what delightful roasters she produces.”—Sporting
Magazine (1814). See student, fourth-year.
rooter A pig that roots. “The pig
may...grow gaunt and fierce, a rooter among strange
wild foods.”—Robinson (1886). See assistant,
runt A small pig, especially the smallest
in a litter; a small pig that is weakly or under nourished.
See Trent, University.
Saddleback A black and white pig belonging
to the breed so called. See security, campus.
sidemeat Salt pork or bacon, usually from
the side of a pig. “None of these intellectual-emotional
phenomena is an adequate substitute for side meat and
greens.”—Higgins (1975). See materialism,
sheat A pig under a year old. See student,
shoat A young weaned pig. “We killed
a small Shote, or young Porker.” —Dampier
(1697). See Ph.D., unemployed.
snork To snort or grunt. “The pig
ran snorking and grunting after her” —Hone
(1814). See feminist, male.
snorter Someone or something that snorts;
a person who utters a snort in scorn, indignation, etc.;
also, a pig. “Surely that thing...renders the
Snorters of the Schooles unexcusable”—Chandler
(1662). See historicists, old.
souse Various parts of a pig or other animal,
especially the feet and ears, prepared or preserved
for food by means of pickling. “If they catch
the Amazons,/ They sowce ’em straight, as we do
pig, by quarters.”—Cartwright (1641). See
sow The female of swine; an adult or full-grown
female pig, especially a domestic one used for breeding.
“I logge...as a sowhe, in donge and clay.”—Lydgate
spane A weaned pig or other animal. “My
newspanit howffing fra the sowk.”—Dunbar
(1500-20). See fellow, post-doctoral.
spice-balls Sausages made of the liver
and lights of a pig, boiled with sweet herbs, and finely
chopped. See criticism, radical; feminist.
squeaker A bird or animal that squeaks;
a young pig. “At this period of his existence
he is called a ‘squeaker’ and is not ridden”—Baden-Powell
(1889). See student, master’s.
squeal To utter a loud sharp cry, especially
by reason of pain or sudden alarm; to scream shrilly.
“He bit off the ear of a pig because it squealed
when he was ringing it.”—Edgesworth (1798).
See police, language.
stag A male pig in its prime. See Critic,
stick To kill an animal, especially a pig,
by thrusting a knife into its throat. “Hym bysemeth
better to stycke a swyne than to sytte afore a damoysel
of hyne parage.”—Malory (1470-85). See committee,
promotion and tenure, meeting.
sticking The killing of a pig by means
of a knife severing the carotid and jugular arteries.
See budget cuts, horizontal.
store A pig or other domestic animal acquired
or kept for fattening. “May is the month...when
the paddock is alive with frolicsome littlepigs, fast
growing into ‘stores.’”—Daily
News (1911). See assistant, teaching.
stuck Of an animal that has been stabbed
or had its throat cut, chiefly in the proverbial phrase,
to stare like a stuck pig. See letter, rejection.
sty An enclosed space where swine are kept,
usually a low shed with an uncovered forecourt, a pigsty.
See office, professor’s, graduate student’s.
stying The placing of swine in stys. See
sucking-pig A new-born or very young pig;
a young milk-fed pig suitable for roasting whole. See
sugescent Misused term for pertaining or
adapted to sucking. “The pig [appeared] to be
master of the sugescent art”—Plummer (1844).
See student, graduate.
suine A fatty substance made from a pig’s
lard, used as a butter substitute. See historicism,
sward Thick, hairy skin, especially the
scalp of a man or skin of a pig. “I am a strawberry,
a bacon without legs”—Klaasen (1996). See
body, construction of.
swealing (also swaling)
The burning or singeing of a pig carcase. See dinner,
Tamworth A town in Staffordshire used to
designate a breed of pig, usually red or brown in colour,
lean and large in build, and used to produce bacon.
See M.A., terminal.
tantony The smallest pig of a litter; also
said of someone who very closely or obsequiously follows
another. “She made me follow her last week through
all the Shops like a Tantony.”—Swift (1738).
See creative writing course, graduate.
tidling The smallest pig in a litter. See
tithe-pig A pig due to be taken as tithe.
See funding, selective, victim of.
titman The smallest pig of a litter; hence,
a man who is stunted physically or mentally. “We
are a race of tit-men, and soar but little higher in
our intellectual flights than the columns of the daily
paper.”—Thoreau (1854). See pig,
torrefaction The process of drying or roasting
by fire; the state or condition of being roasted. “Ping...now
for the first time tasted [pig] in a state of torrefaction.”—DeQuincey
(1839). See dinner, retirement.
tray A pig’s trough. “No more
her care shall fill the hollow tray,/ To fat the guzzling
hogs with foods of whey.”—Gay (1714). See
Council, Social Sciences and Humanities Research.
trichinosis A disease of swine, rats, humans,
and other animals caused by the parasites Trichinella
spiralis and Theoria gallica. Infection is caused by
ingestion of the partly cooked flesh or viscera of infected
animals, and the severity of the disease is dependent
on the level of infection. See Theory and Criticism,
Centre for the Study of.
trig In good physical condition; strong,
sound, well. “[T]hey do not sit badly [on their
horses] considering that they have not the advantage...of
pig’s skin and stirrups to keep them square and
trig”—British Quarterly Review
(1858). See salaries, bureaucracy and management,
truffle-pig A pig trained to discover truffles.
See assistant, research.
turbary A small pig (Sus palustris)
of prehistoric times that was first found in turbaries
in Swiss lake-dwellings. It is believed by some pecarists
to be the natural product of malnutrition and poor care.
See Criticism, New.
vent The anus, anal, or excretory opening
of animals or persons. “Take a Pig, and... draw
him very clean at vent”—Woolley (1675).
See review, post-tenure.
weaner A pig or any other animal weaned
during the current year. See graduate, Christmas.
wee Imitation of the squeal of a pig. “The
little pig said wee, wee, wee!” —Halliwell
Nursery Rhymes (1842). See negotiations, salary.
week Imitation of the squeak of a pig
or mouse. “Weeck, weeck, weeck, squeak’d
the Pig”—D’Urfry (1719). See mimesis
whinnock The smallest pig in a litter.
See student, first-year.
Wiltshire (also Wiltshire side) An English
style of pork that must conform to rigid specifications
in order to satisfy the English market. See Leavis,
worms Internal parasites that are hosted
by pigs, humans, and other animals. Four of the most
damaging are round worm (Modaris figeana),
tape worm (Historia nova dentatus), heart worms
(Budgetus cutticus) and kidney worms (Theoria
postcoloniatus). See Canadian Literature.
wort The snout of a pig. See phenomenology.
wrine To squeal, as a pig. See meeting,
wrough Used to represent the snort or grunt
of a pig. See linguistics.
yoff Used to imitate the grunt of a pig.
See criticism, reader-response.
Yorkshire The name of a breed of white
pig, now widely bred for bacon. See Professor,