1st Aug. 1890
Dear Mr. Lighthall
Are you in the city nowadays? I shall pass
through Montreal on my way home about the end of next week and hope to have time to look
in upon you.
Les Eboulements, located on the north shore of the St. Lawrence river, between Baie
St. Paul and La Malbaie, and just off to the north-east of Ile aux Coudres: a particularly
scenic location which Lampman celebrated in his poem, "A Sunset on the Lower St.
Lawrence", which he published originally as "Sunset at Les Eboulements" in
the late months of 1890 in a four-page, privately-issued offering of five poems by D.C.
Scott and himself. Scott's poem dealing with the same location was called "From Les
Eboulements". Lampman's poem eventually appeared in The Independent,
October 1891, as "A Sunset at Les Eboulements". This instance may be cited
as an example of the "literary network" within which the Confederation Poets
operated so successfully. Bliss Carman had become a member of the Editorial Staff of
The Independent on 19 February 1890 with responsibility for the literary pages of
this New York weekly. He resigned from this position in the spring of 1892.
While on The Independent, Carman published poems by Lampman, Roberts and
W.W. Campbell. One can gather something of Carman's position on The Independent from
his letters reproduced in the "On the Editorial Bench [:] 22 January 1890-26 July
1892" section of Letters of Bliss Carman edited by H. Pearson Gundy (Kingston
and Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1981). The importance of the literary
network of that time is noted by E.M. Pomeroy in her biography of Charles G.D. Roberts
(EM. Pomeroy, Sir Charles G.D. Roberts [:1 A Biography, 91); see also, Lampman's
letter to EW. Thomson of 28 March 1890 (Lynn, Lampman Correspondence, 1).[back]