Letter 11


Les Eboulements1    
1st Aug. 1890          

Dear Mr. Lighthall

     Are you in the city nowadays? I shall pass through Montreal on my way home about the end of next week and hope to have time to look in upon you.

Yours ever                
A. Lampman            


  1. Les Eboulements, located on the north shore of the St. Lawrence river, between Baie St. Paul and La Malbaie, and just off to the north-east of Ile aux Coudres: a particularly scenic location which Lampman celebrated in his poem, "A Sunset on the Lower St. Lawrence", which he published originally as "Sunset at Les Eboulements" in the late months of 1890 in a four-page, privately-issued offering of five poems by D.C. Scott and himself. Scott's poem dealing with the same location was called "From Les Eboulements".  Lampman's poem eventually appeared in The Independent, October 1891, as "A Sunset at Les Eboulements".  This instance may be cited as an example of the "literary network" within which the Confederation Poets operated so successfully.  Bliss Carman had become a member of the Editorial Staff of The Independent on 19 February 1890 with responsibility for the literary pages of this New York weekly.  He resigned from this position in the spring of 1892.   While on The Independent, Carman published poems by Lampman, Roberts and W.W. Campbell.  One can gather something of Carman's position on The Independent from his letters reproduced in the "On the Editorial Bench [:] 22 January 1890-26 July 1892" section of Letters of Bliss Carman edited by H. Pearson Gundy (Kingston and Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1981).  The importance of the literary network of that time is noted by E.M. Pomeroy in her biography of Charles G.D. Roberts (EM. Pomeroy, Sir Charles G.D. Roberts [:1 A Biography, 91); see also, Lampman's letter to EW. Thomson of 28 March 1890 (Lynn, Lampman Correspondence, 1).[back]