Kenneth Leslie: A Preliminary Bibliography

Compiled by Burris Devanney, Sandra Campbell and Domenico Di Nardo.


A. 1 Windward Rock: Poems. New York: Macmillan, 1934.

A. 2 LowlandsLow:Poems. Halifax: McCurdy, 1935.

A. 3 Such a Din! Poems. Halifax: McCurdy, 1936.

A. 4 By Stubborn Stars and Other Poems. Toronto: Ryerson, 1938.

A. 5 The Poems of Kenneth Leslie [Ed. Sean Haldane.] Ladysmith, Quebec: Ladysmith Press, 1971.

A. 6 O'Malley to the Reds And Other Poems. Halifax: By the Author, 1972.



B. 1 "April Coinage." Literary Digest, LXXXIX, No. 1 (April 3, 1926), 32.

B. 2 "Written in Notre Dame, Montreal." Scribner's Magazine, LXXXIV, No. 6 (December 1928),687.

B. 3 "Beauty." Saturday Review of Literature, April 14, 1934, p. 633.

B. 4 "Sea Sonnets." Dalhousie Review, XV (July 1935), 212.

B. 5 "Poet Heart." Commonweal, July 9, 1937, p. 280.

B. 6 "The Censored Editor." New Frontier, 2, No. 3 (July-August 1937), 10-11.

B. 7 "Cobweb College." New York Times, April 3, 1938, Section IV, p.8.

B. 8 "Cobweb College." Canadian Poetry, 2, No. 4 (April 1938),13-18.

B. 9 "He let his truth fly forth in winging word." Protestant Digest, December 1938, p. 50.

B.10 "Wise Delirium."Protestant Digest, December 1938, p.78.

B.11 "Compromise." Protestant Digest, December 1938, p. 87.

B.12 "Guide." Protestant Digest, December 1938, p. 92.

B.13 "Love Is Away." Protestant Digest, December 1938, p. 94.

B.14 "See how humble then is God." Protestant Digest, January 1939, p. 13.

B.15 "Love Seeks His Bondage." Protestant Digest, January 1939, p. 93.

B .16 "Communion Tables." Protestant Digest, February 1939, p. 22.

B.17 "Occasion of Stumbling." Protestant Digest, February 1939, p. 93.

B.18 "Fifth Columnist." Protestant Digest, March 1939, pp.24-30.

B.19 "God's Answer to a Psalmist." Protestant Digest, March 1939, p. 56.

B.20 "Three Tulips Stand And Talk to Me." Protestant Digest, April 1939, [P. 50].

B.21 "Theology." Protestant Digest, May 1939, p. 94.

B.22 "Education." Protestant Digest, June 1939, p. 80.

B.23 "Tabernacle."Protestant Digest, July 1939, p. 41.

B .24 "O'Malley to the Reds." Protestant Digest, August 1939, pp. 24-28.

B.25 "Japan in China." Protestant Digest, March 1940, p. 69.

B .26 "Certain Semarians." Protestant Digest, April 1940, [p. 98].

B.27 "Christ And the Clenched Fist." [Parable.] Protestant Digest, May 1940, p. 9.

B.28 "Form Is Flower." [Aphorism.] Protestant Digest, June-July 1940, p. 32.

B.29 [China And the American Dream: A Parable.] Protestant Digest, June-July 1940, p.58.

B.30 "The Liberal." Protestant Digest, December-January 1941, p. 10.

B.31 "Conscience . . ." [Aphorism.] Protestant Digest, December-January 1941, p.32.

B.32 "Truth Eaten And Shared." Protestant Digest, February-March 1941, p. 42.

B.33 "Secular into Sacred." [Parable.] Protestant Digest, February-March 1941, p. 55.

B.34 "Ivan and John." Protestant Digest, February-March 1942, [p. 98].

B.35 "Dialogue with Choruses." [Mini-play for Voices.] The Protestant, April-May 1942, pp. 65-67.

B.36 "The Clock." The Protestant, April-May 1942, [p. 98].

B.37 "The Song within the Creed." The Protestant, June-July 1942, [p. 50].

B.38 "A Certain Liberal." The Protestant, May 1944, [p. 50].

B.39 "Amos And the Lady." The Protestant, June 1944, [p. 50].

B.40 "Romance Is a Rock." Canadian Author And Boohman, XX No. 2 (June 1944), 8.

B.41 "The Candy Maker." The Protestant, September 1944, [p. 50].

B.42 "Sorrow Must Sing." The Protestant, March 1945, [p.34].

B.43 "Empathy." Canadian Poetry, XXVII, No.3 (May 1964), 47.

B.44 "Sonnet And Coda." Canadian Poetry, XXVII, No.3 (May 1964), 47.

B.45 "The Preacher." New Man, October-December 1969, p. 18.

B.46 "Praise the Viet Cong." New Man, October-December 1969, p.19.

B.47 "To Greet the Death." New Man, July-September 1971, p.27.

B.48 "The Hill Heart." New Man, July-September 1971, p. 27.

B.49 "Time And the Greek Louis: Remembering the Ludlow Massacre." New Man, October-December 1971, p. 11.

B.50 "Cool Off! A Postscript to American History." New Man, October-December 1971, p. 15.

B.51 "Mao Cooks a Dish." New Man, October-December 1971, pp. 18-19.

B.52 "Remember Lumumba." Canadian Forum, LV, No. 651 (June 1975), 32.

B.53 "A Certain Liberal." Canadian Forum, LV, No. 651 (June 1975),32.


C. 1 "A warm rain whispers, but the earth knows best." The Book of Canadian Poetry. Ed. A.J.M. Smith. First Edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1943, p. 300. (Also in the 1948 and 1957 editions of the anthology.)

C. 2 "Cobweb College." The Book of Canadian Poetry, p. 295-300. (Also in the 1948 edition.)

C. 3 "Day slipped out of the web of her fog-wet gown." The Book of Canadian Poetry, p. 301. (Also in the 1948 and 1957 editions.)

C. 4 "Lowlands Low." The Book of Canadian Poetry, p. 294. (Also in the 1948 and 1957 editions.)

C. 5 "My love is sleeping; but her body seems." The Book of Canadian Poetry, p. 301. (Also in the 1948 and 1957 editions.)

C. 6 "The silver herring throbbed thick in my seine." The Book of Canadian Poetry (Also in the 1948 and 1957 editions.)

C. 7 "A warm rain whispers, but the earth knows best." Twentieth-Century Canadian Poetry. Ed. Earle Birney. Toronto: Ryerson, 1953, pp. 14-15.

C. 8 "The silver herring throbbed thick in my seine." Twentieth-Century Canadian Poetry, pp.14-15.

C. 9 "From soil somehow the poet's word." The Oxford Book of Canadian Verse. Ed. A.J.M. Smith. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1960, pp. 173-174.

C.10 "My love is sleeping." The Oxford Book of Canadian Verse, p. 173.

C.11 "The silver herring throbbed thick in my seine." The Oxford Book of Canadian Verse, pp. 172-173.

C.12 "A warm rain whispers, but the earth knows best." The Penguin Book of Canadian Verse. Ed. Ralph Gustafson. Revised Edition. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1967, p. 126. (Also in other editions.)

C.13 "The silver herring throbbed thick in my seine." The Penguin Book of Canadian Verse, p. 126. (Also in other editions.)


D. 1 The Red Judge and Other Anecdotes: Reminiscences of Two Great Law Courts of Bengal. Rangoon, Rangoon Times Press, 1934.

D. 2 Protestant Digest. Boston and New York, 1938-41.

D. 3 The Protestant. New York and Halifax, 1941-53.

D. 4 Hungary — Christian or Pagan: An Eye-Witness Report. [New York: New Christian Books, 1950?]

D. 5 One. Halifax: New Christian Books, 1951?

D. 6 New Christian. Halifax, 1953-55.

D. 7 New Christian Pamphlet. Halifax, 1955 [-?]

D. 8 Man. Halifax, [1957-59?]

D. 9 New Man. Pictou and Halifax, 1959-72.

D.10 Christ, Church And Communism. Gravenhurst, Ontario: Northern Book House, 1962.

D.11 Songs of Nova Scotia. [Words and music by Kenneth Leslie.] Halifax, 1964.


E. 1 "Affirmative Protestantism." December 1938, pp. 1-2.

E. 2 "Coughlin's False Front." January 1939, pp. 9-10.

E. 3 "God Has Gone Under." May 1939, pp. 1-2.

E. 4 "A Lag in Protestant Thinking." September 1939, pp. 1-4.

E. 5 "Christianity And World Community." October 1939, pp. 1-9.

E. 6 "The Truly Catholic Church." November 1939, pp. 1-8.

E. 7 "The Un-Holy War." December 1939, pp. 1-3.

E. 8 "Dies Attacks the Pulpit." January 1940, pp. 1-6.

E. 9 "Profit Is Not American." January 1940, pp. 6-7.

E.10 "Open Letter to the President." February 1940, pp. 1-9.

E.11 "Protestants, Face Your Own Anti-Semitism." March 1940, pp. 6-7.

E.12 "Explanatory Notes Concerning the Protestant Digest." March 1940, pp. 7-10.

E.13 "Religion And Government: To Woo Or to Rape." April 1940, pp. 1-4.

E.14 "Protestantism And the Middle Way." May 1940, pp. 1-7.

E.15 "This War And the Defense of Man" [and related editorials]. June-July 1940, pp. 1-16.

E.16 "This Changing War." August-September 1940, pp. 1-7.

E.17 "Theology, Poetry And Injustice." August-September 1940, pp. 8-10.

E.18 "The Knife at Hitler's Back." "The Red Column" [and related editorials]. October-November 1940, pp. 1-16.

E.19 "The Role of the Liberal." December-January 1940-41, pp. 6-10.

E.20 "The War within the War." February-March 1941, pp. 1-5.

E.21 "Liberalism And Direction." February-March 1941, pp. 5-16.


F. 1 "U.S.S.R. And American Defense." June-July 1941, pp. 20-24.

F. 2 "The Strange Predicament of Our Democracy." August-September 1941, pp. 5-12.

F. 3 "The Centre." October-November 1941, pp. 2-7.

F. 4 "Pacifism And Anarchy." October-November 1941, pp. 7-8.

F. 5 "Religious Freedom — Russian, Papal, American." October-November 1941, p. 9.

F. 6 "God's Red Army." December-January 1941-42, pp. 2-5.

F. 7 "Protestant Betrayals." February-March 1942, pp. 5-15.

F. 8 "Attack through Spokes of the Axis." April-May 1942, pp. 1-3.

F. 9 "The Russian Revolution And the Fear of Growing Up." April-May 1942, p. 3-6.

F. 10 "Whose Property Is This War." June-July 1942, pp. 1-4.

F. 11 "Timoshenko for Allied Chief." June-July 1942, p. 4.

F. 12 "Catholic Hemispherics." October-November 1942, pp. 4-7.

F.13 "The Pope And the President." October-November 1942, p. 7.

F.14 "The Fascist Cross." October-November 1942, pp. 7-8.

F.15 "Jewocracy under Fascist Hyperions." October-November 1942, pp. 8-9.."

F.16 "Christian Front Pressure." December-January 1942-43, pp. 2-3.

F.17 "What about Spellman?" February-March 1943, pp. 1-2.

F.18 "The Fate of Maritain." February-March 1943, pp. 5-6.

F.19 "Collaboration with Coughlinism." June-July 1943, pp. 5-6.

F.20 "Frank Starratt." June-July 1943, pp. 6-7.

F.21 "Russia's Religion." August-September 1943, pp. 1-8.

F.22 "Holy Cartel." October 1943, pp. 1-6.

F.23 "Second Thoughts on the Second Front." October 1943, pp. 6-8.

F.24 "World Community And the Anglo-Saxons." November 1943, pp. 8-10.

F.25 "The Protestant And the American Jewish Committee." November 1943, pp. 11-12.

F.26 "Mrs. Roosevelt And The Protestant." December 1943, pp. 1-2.

F.27 "Is The Protestant Anti-Catholic?" January 1944, p. 7.

F.28 "N.C.C.J. Smoke Screens Fascism." January 1944, pp. 7-8.

F.29 "Stalin, Architect of Peace." March 1944, pp. 1-3.

F.30 "Izvestia And the Vatican." March 1944, pp. 3-4.

F.31 "Liberal 'Aid' to Russia." May 1944, pp. 3-5.

F.32 "'Boston Play' Works" [and] "Textbook Commission on the Job." May 1944, pp. 7-9.

F.33 "Sand Writing And the Incarnation." May 1944, p. 9.

F.34 "The Holy Cartel's 'Peace Pattern.'" September 1944, pp. 1-6.

F.35 "The Catholic Church And The Protestant." September 1944, pp. 6-7.

F.36 "Declaration to Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill." October 1944, pp. 8-9.

F.37 "The Perennial Dr. Niebuhr." January 1945, pp. 3-5.

F.38 "A Note on Cartels." January 1945, pp. 5-7.

F.39 "Capitalist-Socialist Emulation." February 1945, pp. 1-3.

F.40 "Papal 'Democracy.'" February 1945, pp. 3-6.

F.41 "The Double Destiny ofthe Bible And the Cross." March 1945, pp. 1-2

F.42 "Reply to Archibishop Spellman." March 1945, pp. 2-3.

F.43 "The Role of True Protestantism." June-July 1945, pp. 8-15.


G. 1 "In Halfway Cove." Commonweal, February 26, 1937, pp. 488-90.

G. 2 [On idealism.] Protestant Digest, July 1939, p. 17.

G. 3 "Innovation And Tradition." Protestant Digest, August 1939, p. 23.

G. 4 "The World Is Our Community." [From an address to the Emergency Committee on Anti-Alien Legislation, Washington, D.C.] Protestant Digest, August 1939, p. 71.

G. 5 [On pseudo-idealists.] Protestant Digest, November 1939, p. 43.

G. 6 "Prophet And Pastor." Protestant Digest, November 1939, p. 69.

G. 7 Review of The Idea of a Christian Society by T.S. Eliot. Protestant Digest, April 1940, pp. 89-91.

G. 8 [On law.] Protestant Digest, May 1940, p. 21.

G. 9 "The Wish to Be Fooled." Protestant Digest, Febuary-March 1941, pp. 56-59.

G.10 "Save Protestant England." The Protestant, April-May 1941, pp. 62-74.

G.11 "A Protestant Looks at Anti-Semitism." The Jewish Times, June 27, 1941, p. 4.

G.12 "International Seminar." [A critical analysis of the post-war political aims of the Roman Catholic Church.] New York Herald Tribune, September 27,1942, p. ?

G.13 [Letter to the editor: on the nature of fascism.] New York Post, November 2, 1942, p. ?

G.14 [An address to the Russian People.] The Worker (New York), November 8, 1942, p. ?

G.15 "Open Letter to Jacques Maritain." The Protestant, February-March 1943, [p. 58].

G.16 "God — Empty Church." [A sermon preached in the Abyssinian Baptist Church, New York, October 24, 1943.] The Protestant, December 1943, pp.37-40.

G.17 Review of The Yogi And the Commissar by Arthur Koestler. The Protestant, June-July 1945, pp. 46-48.

G.18 "The Catholics And Russia." Soviet Russia Today, September 1945, pp. 22-23.

G.19 "Letter to Norwood." New Man, October-December 1969, pp. 2-4. Reprinted from "The Mountain Trail," edited by Robert Norwood in The Churchman, December 12,1931.

During the late 1930s and throughout the 1940s Leslie contributed editorials, letters, petitions, advertisements and other propagandist material to numerous American newspapers. Sanford Archibald, Leslie's personal assistant and a member of the executive staff of the Protestant Digest, compiled duplicate sets of these materials in clipping books. (See I.1 and I.2.)


H. 1 A Modern View of Mysticism. Unpublished M.A. thesis, University of Nebraska,1914.


I . 1 A substantial amount of Leslie material is in the possession of his daughter, Mrs. Rosaleen Dickson, Shawville, Quebec. Her collection includes letters, school records, photographs, literary mss., clipping books, letter books, texts of speeches, and issues of the Protestant Digest and The Protestant. Among Leslie's many correspondents we find Charles G.D. Roberts, E.J. Pratt, Shaemus O'Sheel, Cyrus Eaton, Adam Clayton Powell, Hans Kohn, Reinhold Niebuhr, Paul Tillich, Hewlett Johnson (Dean of Canterbury), and Pierre van Paassen. The Collection needs ordering and cataloguing before any detailed bibliographical information can be available.

I . 2 Further Leslie material is in the Archives of Dalhousie University. This collection includes a complete set of the Protestant Digest a number of issues of New Man, a set of Sanford Archibald's clipping books, a few letters, and two essays from Leslie's university days.


J. 1 Bénet, W.R. Review of Windward Rock. Saturday Review of Literature, April 14, 1934, p. 633. Bénet praises Leslie's craftsmanship and "pleasing quirk" of thought; he finds in the poems a blending of spirituality, "hearty human emotion" and "satisfying earthiness."

J. 2 Barney, Virginia. Review of Windward Rock. North American Review, 237, No. 6 (June 1934), viii. Barney praises Leslie's "individuality of thought and beauty of words."

J. 3 Review of Windward Rock. Times Literary Supplement, June 28, 1934, p. 463. The reviewer finds that "often enough the 'flash of power no art can teach' does light up in [Leslie's] verses and in the best of them . . . it is a flash of insight, too." He further praises Leslie for having "broken through the crust of the conventional to something that is burningly alive."

J. 4 Review of Windward Rock. Wisconsin Library Bulletin, June 30, 1934, p. 135.

J. 5 H., P. Review of Windward Rock. New York Times Book Review, July 15, 1934, p. 16. The reviewer praises Leslie's "word music" and thoughtfulness.

J. 6 Review of Windward Rock. Booklist, 30, No. 11 (July 1934), 345.

J. 7 Review of Windward Rock. Books, September 2,1934, p. 10.

J. 8 O'Sheel, Shaemus. Review of Windward Rock. Commonweal, November 2, 1934, p. 44. O'Sheel stresses the vitality and "strange individual turns of beautiful imagery" in Leslie's work.

J. 9 Review of Windward Rock. Boston Transcript, November 10, 1934,  p. 3.

J.10 "About 'Cobweb College': Mr. Leslie Says Poem Was Aimed at a Tendency." New York Times, April 17, 1938, Section IV, p. 9.

J.11 Brown, E.K. "Part I: English Canadian Letters: I. Poetry." Letters in Canada: 1938 Ed. A.S.P. Woodhouse. Reprint from University of Toronto Quarterly, 1938. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1939, pp. 297-298. Brown approves of what he considers to be Leslie's emulation of Robert Frost.

J.12 Review of By Stubborn Stars. Herald Tribune Book Review, December 16,1938, p. ?

J.13 Pratt, E.J. Review of By Stubborn Stars. Canadian Poetry, 3, No. 4 (April 1939), 44-45. "Kenneth Leslie has done his best work to date in this volume. Windward Rock was a fine collection of poems full of maritime flavour and native energy. But it was rather a promise of which this new work is the achievement." Pratt welcomes Leslie's "introspection and objectivity" in poems characterized by the "soldity and massiveness of the figures of speech."

J.14 Robbins, W. Review of By Stubborn Stars. Canadian Forum, XIX, No. 222 (July 1939), 126-127. "Mr. Leslie reveals himself as possessing metrical fluency, subtlety of rhythm, and the power of communicating with conviction a variety of experiences, imaginative and actual."

J.15 "Walsh Is Challenged by Church Leaders: Protestants Deny Influence in Nation Is on the Wane." New York Times, January 1 1941, p. 21.

J.16 "Protestant Editor Urges War Entry: Ten Reasons Are Listed in Plea for Declaration Now." New York Times, May 28, 1941, p. 30.

J. 17 Perkins, Patty. Review of By Stubborn Stars. Welland-Port Colborne Evening News, August 23, 1941, p. ?

J.18 "Editor Leslie on Lindbergh and American First Committee." New York Times, September 13, 1941, p. 3.

J.19 "Timoshenko Is Urged as Allied War Chief: Speakers at Victory Rally in Brooklyn Call for Second Front." New York Times, July 17, 1942, p. 9.

J.20 "Immediate Break with Spain Is Urged: Editor of The Protestant Calls Also for a Western Front." New York Times March 24, 1943, p. 4.

J.21 "Unity of the Allies Urged at Rally Here: Closer Cooperation Held Vital to Winnipeg War and Peace." New York Times, April 5, 1943, p. 14.

J.22 Halpern, Ben. "The Protestant Hunts a Witch." Jewish Frontier, May 1944, pp. 27-28.

J.23 "Clergy Appeal to Big Three: 1,600 Warn Against Mediation by Any Religious Group." New York Times, February 1, 1945, p.3.

J.24 O'Ryan, Jan. "Poetry Corner." New Canadian Advertiser, April 5, 1945. A rather maudlin review of Leslie's poetry and his career as a crusading journalist. The reviewer identifies Leslie as a direct descendent of John Parker, the Lexington farmer who played an historic role in the American Revolution.

J.25 "Kenneth Leslie and The Protestant." The New Leader, March 9,   1946, p. 5.

J.26 "Magazine Policy Scored: Jewish Council Holds Protestant Digest 'Inimical to Interests."' New York Times, September 25, 1946, p. 24.

J.27 "Editor Group Quits at The Protestant: Pierre van Paassen and Others Charge One-Man Control, Plan New Organization." New York Times, November 11,1946, p. 21.

J.28 "The Protestant Says It Will Be Continued." New York Times, November 12,1946, p. 38.

J.29 "Red Visitors Cause Rumpus." Life, April 4, 1949, pp. 39-43. Leslie's photograph is included in Life's picture gallery of fifty prominent "fellow travellers" and "innocent dupes."

J.30 Rashley, R.E. Poetry in Canada: The First Three Steps. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1958, pp. 107-8,148.

J.31 Beattie, Munro. "Poetry 1935-1960." Literary History of Canada. Gen. ed. Carl F. Klinck. First edition. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1965, pp. 755-756.

J.32 Rhodenizer, Vernon B. "Kenneth Leslie." Canadian Literature in English. Montreal: Quality Press, 1965, p. 928.

J.33 "Leslie, Kenneth." Canadian Writers / Écrivains Canadiens. Ed. G. Sylvestre, B. Conron, Carl F. Klinck. Revised edition. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1967, pp. 93-94.

J. 34 Rhodenizer, Vernon B. "Kenneth Leslie." At the Sign of the Hand And Pen. Toronto: Canadiana House, 1968, p. 41.

J.35 Large. Brenda. "Medal Winner Still Writing Poetry at 76."Halifax Mail-Star, April 1,1969, p. 16. (Photo story.)

J.36 Stevens, Peter. "Poetry in English, I."Supplement to the Oxford Companion to Canadian History and Literature. Ed. William Toye. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1973, p. 246.

J.37 Shucard, Alan R. "Kenneth Leslie." [Review of The Poems of Kenneth Leslie.] Canadian Literature, 55 (Winter, 1973), 115-117. Shucard stresses Leslie's intellectual and emotional power as well as his control of imagery and rhythm. "There is something elemental and softly human that Leslie's poems stir in a reader."

J.38 [Obituary: Kenneth Leslie.] Halifax Mail-Star, October 8, 1974, p. 41.

J.39 Perly, Susan. "'We Bury Our Poets." Canadian Forum, LV, No. 651 (June 1975), 31-33. Perly provides a concise summary of Leslie's life as poet, editor and activist, and includes reminiscences by his friends, anecdotes from his life, and a description of his funeral.

J.40 Shucard, Alan R. "Leslie, Kenneth." Contemporary Poets. Ed. James Vinson. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1975, pp. 897-898. Shucard believes that Leslie tried to "juggle" too many occupations and interests "to remember to be a first-rate poet," but concludes that there is a "calm power [in Leslie's best work] that makes one tend to overlook the lapses."

J.41 Woodcock, George. "Poetry." Literary History of Canada. Gen. ed. Carl F. Klinck. Second Edition, Vol. III. Toronto: University of Toronto Press: 1976, pp. 302-303. Woodcock calls Leslie "a long-neglected writer whose Iyrical tone — at times disconcertingly reminiscent of Bliss Carman — was related to a radicalism of outlook sympathetic to the present generation."

J.42 Acorn, Milton. "By Still More Stubborn Stars (for Kenneth Leslie)." Jackpine Sonnets. Toronto: Steel Rail Educational Publishing, 1977, p. 9.

J.43 Acorn, Milton. "Poem of One of the Poems for which Kenneth Leslie Was Damned." Jackpine Sonnets, p. 101.

J.44 Acorn, Milton. "Tirade by Way of Introduction." Jackpine Sonnets, pp. 13-24. Acorn's two poems cited above indicate that he admires Leslie's passionate socialist commitments in his life and art. In his "tirade" Acorn praises Leslie's adventurous handling of the sonnet form by which he has won part of "the battle for the Canadian voice." Acorn considers Leslie's sonnets the ancestors of his own "jackpine sonnets."


The compilers thank Professor K.P. Stich of the University of Ottawa for initiating this project and for his encouragement and advice, Rosaleen Dickson for so kindly allowing us to examine her father's papers, and John Craig for his participation in the search.