Orion, and Other Poems

by Charles G.D. Roberts


 

Appendix I

Historical Collation


 This collation of the various printed texts of the poems from Orion, and Other Poems is closely based on—and hence greatly indebted to—that of Desmond Pacey (361-87). It records the variant readings from earlier and later published versions of the poems. The text printed is that of the original 1880 Lippincott edition, and all entries are keyed to the poem-and-line-numbers implicit there (Roberts included neither). In each entry, the 1880 reading is given before a square bracket. After the bracket, any variant readings are recorded with their sources. Thus in "Orion": "4 croonings] whispering (SP)" indicates that line 4 of the 1880 text reads "crooning" while "whispering" appeared (only) in Roberts’ Selected Poems of 1936. A variant given without attribution will represent the unanimous reading of all versions other than O. 

Known Printed Sources for Roberts’ Own Variant Readings

CBB The Canadian Birthday Book. Ed. Seranus. [pseud.], and S. Francis Harrison. Toronto: Blackett Robinson, 1887.
CIN  The Canadian Illustrated News (Montreal).
CM Rose-Belford’s Canadian Monthly (Toronto).
DIM The Dominion Illustrated Magazine (Montreal).
HC  Rufus Hathaway Collection, UNB: unidentified clipping: XI "Hesper Appears"
MP The Magazine of Poetry (New York).
O Orion, and Other Poems. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1880.
P Poems(1901/7). New York, Boston, Chicago: Silver, Burdett. 1901; Boston: L.C. Page. 1907.
Scrib Scribner’s Magazine (New York).
SGD Songs of the Great Dominion. Voices from the Forest and Waters, the Settlements and Cities of Canada. Ed. W.D. Lighthall. London: Walter Scott, 1887.
SP Selected Poems. Toronto: The Ryerson Press, 1936.
UM  The University Monthly (Fredericton).
 

N.B. Desmond Pacey’s 1985 edition counted each split verse in "Orion" as two lines: there is a slight discrepancy there between his numberings for that poem and those of this edition.

 

TO THE SPIRIT OF SONG

CM Nov 1880, O, UM Mar 1883, CBB, MP Jan 1889, P.

1         heaven] heaven, (CM, CBB, MP,)
6         might,] might (P)
8         strong;] strong, (UM, CBB)
11       bird:—] bird;—(UM)


ORION

O, CIN Jun 1880 (239-88), CBB (20-30,108-115, 168-76, 410-411, 413-423), P, SP(1-30, 86-125, 159-90, 271-88, 393-404, 440-66).

3         ancient] ancient,
4         crooning] whispering (SP)
           creens] screens,
11       drawn,] drawn, — (SP) drawn;
20       skirts (O, CBB)] banners
22       crimson, (O, CBB)] crimson;
26       vineyards,] vineyards (SP)
27       river-banks] river’s banks (CBB)
28       jungles;] jungles, (CBB)
29       jagg’d...until] jagged...till (CBB)
35       sand level] sand-level
50       rested: now] rested. Now
53       Apollo,] Apollo
60       fangéd] fanged
79       nigh] nigh,
86       Lynxes,] Lynxes
91       cloudy] clouded night,] night (SP)
95       will] shall
96       wolves=] wolf’s
98       will] shall
107     if,…pressed] if…pressed
108     knees perchance] knees, perchance (CBB)
109     me,] me (CBB)
110     air,] air
111     sun,—] sun—(CBB)
113     born,—] born,
118     me;] me, (SP)
131     Love’s] love’s
132     wingéd] winged
151     turned,] turned
167     Night] night
173     him;] him, (CBB)
175     him,] him. (CBB)
209     white,] white
210     death; then] death. Then
216     fog;] fog.
218     him,] him
233     curséd] cursed
234     seen] seen,
238     god-begotten] God-begotten (CIN)
239     gods] Gods (CIN)
240     thee] their
242     gods] Gods (CIN)
250     weaving,] weaving; (CIN)
255     Mother,…Earth] Mother…earth (CIN)
261     overawed] over-awed (CIN)
264     pitifully (O, CIN)] pitifully,
270     all are (O, CIN)] are all
271     Sea…Night] sea…night (CIN)
272     Air…Wind] air…wind (CIN)
273     Sun] sun (CIN)
275     Waters (O, SP)] waters
276     Rocks] rocks (CIN)
           rime;] rime,
277     time; (O, CIN)] time.
           Hills (O, SP)] hills
278     heaven] Heaven (CIN)
279     Earth] earth (CIN)
280     suchlike] such like (CIN)
281     need:] need.
282     brake] broke (CIN)
283     godsown.] Gods…own; (CIN)
284     lacked not (O, CIN)] not lacked
287     endure;] endure.
294     stirred;] stirred,
310     Oh] Oh,
321     devils,] devil.
331     stars] sky
351     hills;] hills!
375     gnarléd] gnarled
386     alone] alone,
401     hair] hair,
413     precipices,] precipices. (CBB)
415     vapours] vapours, (CBB)
416     crimson] crimson, (CBB)
417     day,—] day. (CBB)
419     veiléd] veiled
420     Where-through] Wherethrough
444     bosoms cleaving] bosoms, cleaving,
445     ripples] ripples,
           eachwhere] each where (SP)

ARIADNE

O, CBB(1-7), P.

2         trancéd (O, CBB)] tranced
31       th=] the
33       moon-track’d] moon-tracked
35       home; ah] home. Ah
40       EVOES:] EVOES.
49       sea:] sea.
57       many veinéd] many
75       Past’s] past’s
77       griefs] griefs,
115     fills,] fills;
123     hatred] hatred,

LAUNCELOT AND THE FOUR QUEENS

O, CBB (8-19, 56-66, 275-820).

10       thrush;] thrush, (CBB)
11       meads,] weeds (CBB)
17       stirs,] stirs (CBB)
57       apple-tree] apple tree (CBB)
58       queen,—] queen, (CBB)
60       autumn] Autumn (CBB)
280     blent,] blent; (CBB)

BALLAD OF THE POET’S THOUGHT

CM, O, UM Mar 1883, P, SP.

Ballad (O, CM, UM)] Ballade

4         taught: (O, UM)] taught; (P) taught. (SP)
5         said,—] said—(CM)
6         deep." —(O, UM)] deep"—(CM) deep."(SP)
7         poet’s thought] Poet’s thought (CM) [cf. 27]
9         hurry, and dust, and heat] hurry and dust and heat (CM)
10       free,] free (CM)
12       which he] which much he (CM)
21       quiet] lonely (CM)
           spot, (O, UM, P)] spot (SP)
23       said,—] said—(CM)
           ENVOI] L’ENVOI. (CM)
25       Oh, poets] O Poets (CM)
           Poets (O, UM)] poets,
           lot,] lot (CM)
28       line italicized (CM)

A BALLAD OF THREE MISTRESSES

CIN (1880), O.

BALLAD TO A KINGFISHER

Printed only in Orion, and Other Poems.

BALLAD OF A BRIDE

Printed only in Orion, and Other Poems.

LOVE DAYS

O, CBB (1-5, 11-15, 21-25).

MEMNON

Scrib Jun 1879, O, P. (Stanzas not numbered in Scrib.)

3         deep,] deep (Scrib)
4         cast] cast,
5         large (Scrib, O)] wide
6         sands; her] sands. Her (Scrib)
7         scorchéd (Scrib, O)] scorched
11       sky;] sky—(Scrib)
           east (Scrib, O)] East
14       fingers] fingers, (Scrib)
16       Day] day (Scrib)
19       voice,] sound (Scrib)
20       half enwound] half-enwound
21       red,] red (Scrib)
24       Deep-graven…blast:] Deep graven…blast. (Scrib)
30       hero’s] Hero’s (Scrib)
31       goddess mother] Goddess Mother (Scrib)
32       dawn-kissed] Dawn-kissed (Scrib)
36       calm.] calm: (Scrib)
37       "Sweet mother…thee!"] "O Mother…thee. (Scrib)
38       massive,] massive (Scrib)
39       brow] brow, (Scrib)
43       there, there (Scrib)
44       canopy:] canopy. (Scrib)
45       mother…’t is thy son prayeth thee.] Mother…thy son requireth thee. (Scrib)
           ’tis] ’t is
46       mother…thee!] Mother…thee. (Scrib)
47       night] Night (Scrib)
           kind,] kind (P)
49       come…my eyes,] come…mine eyes; (Scrib)
50       small,] small (P)
52       comest—] comest, (Scrib)
           surprise—] surprise ( Scrib) surprise, (P)
53       hands] hands, (Scrib)
54       mother…thy son desireth thee.] Mother…’tis thy son prayeth thee. (Scrib)
55       mother] Mother (Scrib)
56       rocks] rocks, (Scrib)
57       thee] thee, (Scrib)
58       wine;] wine, (Scrib)
61       thee,] thee (P)
           whilst] whiles (Scrib)
62       Tithonus,] Tithonus; (Scrib)
63       willing,] willing (Scrib)
64       mother] Mother (Scrib)
66       sea;] sea!
68       night] Night (Scrib)
70       bosom; music] bosom. Music (Scrib)
71       sung,] sung (Scrib)
73       mother] Mother (Scrib)
74       ravished…bed;] ravished…bed? (Scrib)
75       thee] thee, (Scrib)
76       wide-openéd] wide-opened (P)
77       woman] woman, (Scrib)
79       mother…dead.] Mother…dead? (Scrib)
80       Dead;…body slain,] Dead!…body,—slain (Scrib)
81       stony-fetter’d…plain!] stony-fettered…plain. (Scrib)
82       mother] Mother (Scrib)
83       eyelids] eye-lids (Scrib)
86       agéd] aged
87       plain,] plain (P)
88       Trojans] Trojans, (Scrib)
89       Phthian] Pthian (Scrib)
91       mother, weeping,] Mother, weeping (Scrib)
92       and, a suppliant] and a suppliant (Scrib)
95       oak,] oak; (Scrib)
97       obsequies; nor] obsequies. Nor (Scrib)
100     mother] Mother (Scrib)
102     pyre,] pyre (Scrib)
103     honey,] honey (Scrib)
107     And, screaming,] And screaming (Scrib)
108     manes] Manes (Scrib)
109     thee,] thee (Scrib)
112     parch’d] parched (Scrib)
114     Now] Now, (Scrib)
116     snow;] snow: (Scrib)
118     night;] Night (Scrib)
119     verge;] verge.
123     revelry] revelry,
124     glory,] glory
           dirge:] dirge (P)
125     mother] Mother (Scrib)
126     beautiful mother] Beautiful Mother (Scrib)

RONDEAU.—HESPER APPEARS

CIN May 10 1879, O, CBB(1-9), UM Jan 1915, HC.

1         flowing] blowing (HC)
3         low] low, (CBB)
           orient] Orient (CIN, HC)
           hills] hills, (CBB)
4         gloaming] gleaming (HC)
           distils] distils, (CIN, HC)
6         want] Want (HC)
           assails,] assails (CIN)
7         Youth…Hope…Love] youth…hope…love (CBB)
           avails] avails, (HC)
8         ills.] ills (UM)
9         appears,] appears. (UM, HC)
11       fails:] fails. (CIN) fails; (HC)
12       vexéd] vexed (CIN, UM, HC)
           The] the (CIN)
13       yearnings] yearning (HC)
           stills] stills, (CIN)
14       Awhile] For now, (CIN)
           
wails,—] wails— (CIN, HC)

RONDEAU.—WITHOUT ONE KISS

O, MP 1891.

1         away,] away (MP)
6         so,] so (MP)
8         bough,] bough (MP)
13       Love] love (MP)

RONDEAU TO A.W. STRATON

Printed only in Orion, and Other Poems.

THE FLIGHT

O, MP Jan 1889.

17       moon-lighted glades] moonlighted glades (MP)

ONE NIGHT

Printed only in Orion, and Other Poems.

SONG OF MORNING

Printed only in Orion, and Other Poems.

ODE TO DROWSIHOOD] ODE TO DROWSINESS. (Scrib)

Scrib Nov 1879, O, UM Apr 1883, P, Sp.,

ODE TO DROWSIHOOD] ODE TO DROWSINESS. (Scrib)

          2         Weaver] weaver (Scrib)
          3         gleams] gleams, (Scrib)
          5         streams] streams, (Scrib)
          7         dusky-soft] dusky-soft, (Scrib)
          9         rest] Rest (Scrib)
          12       Nodding Spirit! Magic Comforter!] nodding…comforter (Scrib)
                     nodding spirit! magic comforter! (UM)
          13       Thee,…speechless, I invoke,] Thee…speechless I invoke,— (Scrib)
          15       agéd] aged
          17       mistletoe.] mistletoe:
          17a     ******* (Scrib)
          18       dissolves] is changed (Scrib)
          20       interval. A] interval; a (Scrib)
                     Billow] billow, (Scrib)
          21       oar] oar, (Scrib)
          22       pillow.] pillow: (Scrib)
          26       linkéd] linked (UM)
          29       alder boughs] alder-boughs (P, SP)
          31       endows:] endows;—(Scrib) endows. (UM, P, SP)
          34       fetch] Fetch (Scrib)
          36       Stirs] Stirs, (P, SP)
          37       wind,] wind (Scrib)
          40       ocean’s] Ocean’s (Scrib)
          41       sobs] throbs (P, SP)
          43       song] songs (Scrib)
          44       downpour] down-pour (Scrib)
          49       shade] shades (UM)
          51       reason.] reasons:—(Scrib)
          52       drips;] drips,—( Scrib)
          53       favors,] favors (P, SP)
                   
 treason.] treason; (Scrib)
          54       wing-tips] wing-tips, (Scrib)

ODE TO NIGHT

Printed only in Orion, and Other Poems.

AMORIS VINCULA

O, MP .

          22       stay:] stay. (MP)

ITERUMNE?] ITERUMNE(P)

CM 1880, O, P.

6         goddess] Goddess (CM)
7         maze;] maze;—(CM)
12       choir] Choir (CM)
13       grove;—nor] grove. Nor (P)

AT POZZUOLI

CIN (1879), O.

SAPPHO

Printed only in Orion, and Other Poems.

MIRIAM.—I

Printed only in Orion, and Other Poems.

MIRIAM.—II

Printed only in Orion, and Other Poems.

A BLUE BLOSSOM

CIN (1879),O, CBB (1-14), LCP, P.

8         longing] longing, (CBB)
10       sight] sight, (CBB, LCP)
20       scenes] scene (P)
26       ’tis hard,] ’t is hard (P)

THE SHANNON AND THE CHESAPEAKE

CIN Oct 4 1879, O.

1         Oh,] O (CIN)
           Shannon] Shannon (CIN) [cf. Chesapeake]
3         fought] fought, (CIN)
6         down,] down—(CIN)
9         Shannon] Shannon, (CIN)
10       world]world, (CIN)
13       June,] June,—(CIN)
16       amaze;] amaze;—(CIN)
18       steered;] steered—(CIN)
19       bows,] bows—(CIN)
23       sullenly] suddenly (CIN)
           one,] one (CIN)
25       blind,] blind (CIN
)
27       bare] bare, (CIN)
31       fierce,] fierce (CIN)
38       dies.] dies;—(CIN)
41       taffrail,] taffrail (CIN)
46       But, oh,] But, oh
48       below.] below,—(CIN)
49       But,] But (CIN)
53       Summons!] summons!—(CIN)
54       comply.] comply: (CIN)
55       men;] men, (CIN)
58       morn,] morn,—(CIN)
66       apart!] apart. (CIN)
68       heart!] heart. (CIN)
69       heaven;] heaven—
71       now,…old,] now…old (CIN)

THE MAPLE

O, CBB (1-8), SGD, DIM Nov 1891, P, UM Nov 1907.

5         high] high, (SGD, UM)
           brush] reach (P)
6         launches,] launches,—(SGD)
7         love] love, (SGD, UM)
           above] above, (CBB, SGD, UM)
8         the] he (UM)
11       word may be…locust tree] word, may be…locust tree (UM)
13       maple] maple, (SGD)
14       are] omitted, UM
           
spring-time] springtime (UM)
16       Winter’s] winter’s (SGD, DM, UM)
18       sifted,] sifted; (SGD, UM)
19       day—] day, (SGD)
19       lay] lay, (SGD, UM)
22       fresh,] fresh (SGD, UM)
23       stood] stood, (SGD)
24       oh,] oh! (P)
           still!] still. (UM)

TO WINTER

0, CBB (1-18, 40-59,66-79), SGD.

3         Twixt] ’Twixt (SGD)
9         wildernesses,] wildernesses. (SGD)
18       chill] chill, (CBB)
30       hills,] hills; (CBB)
33       napping,] napping; (SGD)
40       And fewer] Fewer (CBB)
47       ’Less,] ’Less (CBB)
51       spheres:] spheres; (SGD)
53       string] string, (CBB)
66       To the Autumn’s…fulfilling;—] Hail the autumn’s…fulfill-       ing! (CBB)
68       laughter-shaken] laughter shaken (SGD)
69       buckwheat] buckwheat, (CBB)
70       fir] fir, (CBB)
71       juniper;] juniper, (CBB)
72       mid] ’mid (SGD)
75       Purple-cluster’d] purple clustered (CBB)
76       climbing-vines] climbing vines (CBB)
77       Scarlet-fruited] Scarlet fruited (CBB)
79       came.] came, (CBB)
81       land!] land: (SGD)

EPISTLE TO W. BLISS CARMAN] TO BLISS CARMAN (CBB, P)

O, CBB 1887 (27-32, 53-59), P.

17       cool] cool,
20       interval] intervale
30       gold;] gold, (CBB)
58       fruit,—] fruit, (CBB)
59       ways,] ways (CBB)
98       said;] said
105     ’Twas] ’T was

DEDICATION] DEDICATION TO G. GOODRIDGE ROBERTS (P, SP)

O, P, SP.

Title ascription: To G. Goodridge Roberts (not in O: in P, SP).

3         weary,] weary (SP)
7         vext] vexed (P, SP)
16       bewray] betray (SP)