CONFEDERATION VOICES:
Seven Canadian Poets

By JOHN COLDWELL ADAMS



WORKS CONSULTED





Sir Charles G.D. Roberts:
  Orion and Other Poems, 1880 (also 1999, edited with an           Introduction by Ross S. Kilpatrick).
  Later Poems, 1881.
  Later Poems, 1882.
  In DiversTones, 1886.
Songs of the Common Day and Ave, 1893.
The Book of the Native, 1896.
New York Nocturnes and Other Poems, 1898.
Poems (collected edition), 1901.
The Book of the Rose, 1903.
Poems (collected edition), 1907.
New Poems, 1919.
The Sweet o’ the Year and Other Poems, 1925.
The Vagrant of Time, 1927.
Selected Poems of Sir Charles G.D. Roberts, 1936.
Canada Speaks of Britain,1941.
The Collected Poems of Sir Charles G.D. Roberts: A Critical
          Edition, edited by Desmond Pacey and Graham Adams           with an Introduction by Fred Cogswell, 1985.

Bliss Carman:
  Low Tide on Grand Pré, 1893 (also revised edition, 1894).
Songs from Vagabondia (with Richard Hovey), 1894.
Behind the Arras, 1895.
More Songs from Vagabondia (with Richard Hovey), 1896.
Ballads from Lost Haven, 1897.
By the Aurelian Wall, 1898.
Last Songs from Vagabondia (with Richard Hovey), 1901.
From the Book of Myths, 1902.
From the Green Book of Bards, 1903.
Songs of the Sea Children, 1904.
Songs from a Northern Garden, 1904.
Poems (2 vol, collected edition), 1904, 1905.
Sappho, 1905.
From the Book of Valentines, 1905.
Pipes of Pan, 1906.
The Rough Rider, 1909.
A Painter’s Holiday and Other Poems, 1911.
Echoes of Vagabondia, 1912.
April Airs, 1916.
Later Poems, 1921.
Ballads and Lyrics, 1923.
Wild Gardens, 1929.

Sanctuary, 1929.

Archibald Lampman:
  Among the Millet and Other Poems, 1888.
Lyrics of Earth, 1895 (also 1978, edited with an Introduction by           D.M.R. Bentley).
The Poems of Archibald Lampman, edited with a Memoir by
          Duncan Campbell Scott, 1900, 1901, 1905.
Lyrics of Earth: Sonnets and Ballads, Introduction by Duncan
          Campbell Scott, 1925.
At the Long Sault and Other Poems, Introduction by Duncan
          Campbell Scott, edited by E.K. Brown.
Lampman’s Kate: Late Love Poems of Archibald Lampman,
          edited with an Introduction by Margaret Coulby           Whitridge.

Duncan Campbell Scott:
  The Magic House and Other Poems, 1893.
Labor and the Angel, 1898.
New World Lyrics and Ballads, 1905.
Via Borealis, 1906,
Lundy’s Lane and Other Poems, 1916.
Beauty and Life, 1921.
The Poems of Duncan Campbell Scott (collected edition),
          1926.
The Green Cloister, 1935.
The Circle of Affection and Other Pieces in Prose and Verse,
          1947.
Selected Poems of Duncan Campbell Scott, edited with a
          Memoir by E.K. Brown, 1951. 

William Wilfred Campbell:
  Snowflakes and Sunbeams, 1888.
Lake Lyrics and Other Poems, 1889.
The Dread Voyage and Other Poems, 1893.
Beyond the Hills of Dream, 1899.
The Poems of Wilfred Campbell (collected edition), 1905.
Sagas of a Vaster Britain, 1914.
The Poetical Works of Wilfred Campbell, edited with a
          Memoir by W.J. Sykes, 1923.
William Wilfred Campbell: Selected Poetry and Essays,
          edited with an Introduction by Laurel Boone, 1987. 

Frederick George Scott:
  Justin and Other Poems, 1885.
The Soul’s Quest  and Other Poems, 1888.
My Lattice and Other Poems, 1894.
The Unnamed Lake and Other Poems, 1897.
Poems Old and New, 1900.
A Hymn of Empire and Other Poems, 1906.
Poems (collected edition), 1910.
In the Battle Silences, 1916.
In Sun and Shade, 1926.
New Poems, 1929.
Selected Poems, 1933.
Collected Poems, 1934.
Poems (collected edition), 1936.

Lift Up Your Hearts, 1941.

Pauline Johnson:
  The White Wampum, 1895.
Canadian Born, 1903.
Flint and Feather, 1912 (of the later editions I used the 17th).
E. Pauline Johnson: Tekahionwake: collected poems and
          selected prose, introduced and edited by Carole Gerson           and Veronica Strong-Boag, 2002.

 



OTHER WORKS CONSULTED



 

Atwood,  Margaret, ed. The New Book of Canadian Verse in English (Toronto, London, New York: Oxford Univ. P., 1982).

Austen, Roger. Gentle Pagan: The Double Life of Charles Warren Stoddard (Amherst: U. of Massachusetts P., 1991).

Ayre, Robert. “Pauline Johnson,” The Canadian Forum, Vol. 14, No. 159, Nov. 1933.

Baechker, Lea A. Wilton Litz, James Longerbach, eds. Poetry and Prose, Vol. 2, (New York: Garland P., 1991).

Ballstadt, Carl, Elizabeth Hopkins, Michael Peterman, eds. Susanna Moodie: Letters of a Lifetime  (Toronto, Buffalo, London: U. of Toronto P., 1985).

———, eds. I Bless You in My Heart: Selected Correspondence of Catharine Parr Traill (Toronto: U. of Toronto P., 1996).

Bentley, D.M.R. From “The Achievement of Charles G.D. Roberts: An Assessment Panel,” The Sir  Charles G.D. Roberts Symposium, ed. Glenn Clever (Ottawa: Univ. of Ottawa P., 1984).

———. “Alchemical Transmutation in Duncan Campbell Scott’s ‘At Gull Lake: August 1810,’ and Some Contingent Speculations,” Studies in Canadian Literature, 10, 1895.

———. “Carman and Mind Cure: Theory and Technique,” Bliss Carman: A Reappraisal, ed. Gerald Lynch (Ottawa: U. of Ottawa P., 1990).

———. The Confederation Group of Canadian Poets, 1880-1897 (Toronto, Buffalo, London: U of Toronto P., 2004).

———. “Duncan Campbell Scott and Maurice Maeterlinck,” Studies in Canadian Literature, 21.2, 1996.

———. “Half Passion and Half Prayer: the New York Nocturnes,” The Sir Charles G.D. Roberts Symposium, ed. Glenn Clever (Ottawa: U. of Ottawa P., 1984).

———. Introduction,” Bliss Carman’s Letters to Margaret Lawrence, 1927-1929 (London, Ontario: Canadian Poetry Press, 1995).

———. “Introduction,” Lyrics of Earth (1895) (Ottawa; Tecumseh, 1978).

———. “Introduction,” The Story of an Affinity, by Archibald Lampman (London, Ontario: Canadian Poetry Press, 1986).

———. “The Poetics of Roberts’ Tantramar Space,” The Proceedings  of the Sir Charles G.D.  Roberts Symposium, Mount Allison U., ed. Carrie MacMillan (Halifax: Nimbus, 1984).

———. “Roberts’ Series of Sonnets in Songs of the Common Day,” Dalhousie Review, 69, 1989.

———. Threefold in Wonder: Bliss Carman’s Sappho: One Hundred Lyrics,” Canadian Poetry,  No. 17, Fall/Winter 1985.

———. “Watchful Dreams and Sweet Unrest: An Essay on the Vision of Archibald Lampman,” Studies in Canadian Literature, 6, 1981.

Bentley, D.M.R. & MaryLynn Wickens. A Checklist  of Literary Materials in ‘The Week,’ Toronto, 1883-1896 (Ottawa: Golden Dog, 1978).

Boone, Laurel. “Bliss Carman’s Pageants, Masques and  Essays and the Genesis of Modern Dance,” Bliss Carman: A Reappraisal, ed. Gerald Lynch (Ottawa: Univ. of Ottawa P., 1990).

———, ed. The Collected Letters of Sir Charles G.D. Roberts (Fredericton: Goose Lane, 1989).

———. “Wilfred Campbell Revisited,” Canadian Literature, No. 84, Autumn 1982.

———, ed. William Wilfred Campbell: Selected Poetry and Essays (Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier U. P., 1987). 

Bourinot, Arthur S., ed. More Letters of Duncan Campbell Scott (Ottawa: the Editor, 1960).

———, ed. Some Letters of Duncan Campbell Scott, Archibald Lampman & Others (Ottawa: the Editor, 1959).

Brockington, Leonard W. “Duncan Campbell Scott’s Eightieth Birthday,” Saturday Night,  Aug. 1942.

Brown, E.K. “Memoir,” Selected Poems of Duncan Campbell Scott (Toronto: Ryerson, 1951).

———. On Canadian Poetry (1943, revised 1944; Ottawa: Tecumseh. 1973).

Cappon, James. Bliss Carman and the Literary Currents and Influences of the Times (Toronto: Ryerson, 1930).

———. Charles G.D. Roberts, Makers of Canadian Literature Series (Toronto: Ryerson, 1925).

———. Charles G.D. Roberts and  the Influence of His Time (1905; Ottawa: Tecumseh, 1975).

Carman, Bliss. “Contemporaries - V. Mr. Charles G.D. Roberts,” The  Chap-Book, Chicago, 1 Jan. 1895.

Cogswell, Fred. “Charles G.D. Roberts,” Canadian Writers and Their Works, Poetry Series, Vol. 2, eds. Robert Lecker, Jack David, Ellen Quigley (Downsview, Ontario: ECW, 1983).

Collin, W.E. The White Savannahs (1936; Toronto, Buffalo, London: U. of Toronto P., 1975).

Collins, Joseph Edmund. Canada under the Administration of Lord Lorne (Toronto: Rose, 1884).

———. “Dedication,” Annette, the Métis Spy (Toronto: Rose, 1884).

———. The Life and Times of Sir John A. Macdonald (Toronto: Rose, 1883).

Colum, Padriac. “Prefatory Note,” Bliss Carman’s Sanctuary: Sunshine Sonnets (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1929).

Connor, Carl T. Archibald Lampman: Canadian Poet of Nature (1929; Ottawa: Borealis, 1977).

Conway, Don. “Roberts and Modernism: The Achievement of ‘The Squatter’,” The Sir Charles  G.D.  Roberts Symposium, ed. Glenn Clever (Ottawa: U of Ottawa P., 1984).

Cram, Ralph Adams. My Life in Architecture (Boston: Little, Brown, 1936).

Daniells, Roy. “Lampman and Roberts,” Literary History of Canada, ed. Carl F Klinck (Toronto, Buffalo: U. of Toronto P., 1965).

Davis, Barry, ed. At the Mermaid Inn (Toronto: U. of Toronto P., 1979).

Deacon, W.A. Dear Bill: The Correspondence of William Arthur Deacon, ed. John Lennnox & Michele Lacombe (Toronto: U. of Toronto P., 1988).

———. Poteen (Ottawa: Graphic, 1926).

Djwa, Sandra. “Lampman’s Fleeting Vision,” Colony and Confederation: Early Canadian Poets and Their Background, ed. George Woodcock (Vancouver: U. of British Columbia P., 1974).

———. The Politics of the Imagination: A Life of F.R. Scott (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1987).

Doyle, James. Annie Howells and Achille Fréchette (Toronto: U. of Toronto P., 1979).

Dragland, Stan. Floating Voice (Concord, Ontario: Anansi, 1994).

———, ed. Duncan Campbell Scott: A Book of Criticism (Ottawa: Tecumseh, 1974).

Early, L.R. Archibald Lampman ( Boston: Twayne, 1986).

———. “Archibald Lampman,” Canadian Writers and Their Works, Poetry Series, Vol. 2, ed. Robert Lecker, Jack David, Ellen Quigley (Downsview, Ontario: ECW, 1983).

———. Poems of October: Lampman’s Elegies,” Canadian Poetry, No. 45, Fall/Winter/Winter, 1999.

Edgar, Pelham. Across My Path (Toronto: Ryerson, 1952).

Eggleston, Wilfrid. Literary Friends (Ottawa: Borealis, 1980).

Evans, Hubert. “Canon Scott,” Maclean’s, 1 Nov. 1938.

Frye, Northrup. The Bush Garden (Toronto: Anansi, 1971).

Garvin, John W., ed. Canadian Poets (Toronto: McClelland, Goodchild & Stewart, 1916; revised, McClelland & Stewart, 1926).

Gerson, Carole & Gwendolyn Davies, eds. Canadian Poetry: From the Beginnings through the First World War (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1994).

Gerson, Carole & Veronica Strong-Boag, eds. E. Pauline Johnson: Tekanionwake, collected poems and selected prose (Toronto, Buffalo, London: U. of Toronto P., 2002).

Gray, Charlotte. Flint and Feather: The Life and Times of E. Pauline Johnson, Tekabionwake (Toronto: HarperCollins, 2002).

Gundy, H. Pearson. “Kennerley on Carman,” Canadian Poetry, No.14, Spring/Summer, 1984.

———, ed. Letters of Bliss Carman (Kingston, Montreal: McGill-Queen’s U. P., 1981).

Gustafson, Ralph. “Life and Nature: Some Re-appraisals of Lampman,” The Lampman Symposium, ed. Lorraine McMullan (Ottawa: U. of Ottawa P., 1976).

Hale, Horatio. “Chief George M. Johnson,” Magazine of American History, Vol. 13.

Hammond, Melvin O. “Diaries,” Ontario Archives, Toronto.

Harrington, Lyn. Syllables of Recorded Time (Toronto: Simon & Pierre, 1981).

Howard, Richard B. Upper Canada College, 1829-1979 (Toronto: Macmillan, 1979).

Howells, William Dean. “Editor’s Study,” Harper’s New  Monthly Magazine, 78, April 1889.

Jackel, David. “The National Voice in Roberts’ Poetry,” The Proceedings of the Sir Charles G.D. Roberts Symposium, Mount Allison U., ed. Carrie MacMillan (Halifax: Nimbus, 1984).

Johnson, E. Pauline. Flint and Feather (1895; Toronto: Musson, 17th ed., 1943).

———. The Moccasin Maker (Toronto: Briggs, 1913).

———. “The Singer of Tantramar,” Massey’s Magazine, Vol.  I, No. 1, Jan. 1896.

Johnston, Sheila M.F. Buckskins and Broadcloth (Toronto: National Heritage, 1997).

Jones, D.G. Butterfly on Rock (Toronto: U. of Toronto P., 1970).

Jussim, Estelle. Slave to Beauty: The Eccentric Life and Controversial Career of F. Holland Day (Boston: David R. Godine, 1981).

Keith, W.J. Canadian Literature in English (New York: Longman’s 1985; revised, Erin, Ontario: Porcupine’s Quill, 2006).

———. Charles G.D. Roberts, Studies in Canadian Literature (Toronto: Copp Clark, 1969).

———. “Charles G.D. Roberts and the Poetic Tradition,” The Proceedings of the Sir Charles G.D. Roberts Symposium, Mount Allison U., ed. Carrie MacMillan (Halifax: Nimbus, 1984). 

———. “A Choice of Worlds: God, Man and Nature in Charles G.D. Roberts,” Colony and Confederation,  ed. George Woodcock (Vancouver: U. of British Columbia P, 1974).

———. “Introduction,” Selected Poetry and Critical Prose: Charles G.D. Roberts (Toronto, Buffalo: U. of Toronto P., 1974).

———. Poets of  the Confederation: Current Approaches,” Canadian Poetry,  No. 14, Spring/Summer, 1984.

Keller, Betty. Pauline: A Biography of Pauline Johnson (Vancouver, Toronto: Douglas & McIntyre, 1981).

Kennedy, Leo. “Archibald Lampman,” The Canadian Forum, Vol. 13, No. 152, May 1933.

Kilpatrick, Ross S. “Introduction,” Orion and Other Poems, by Charles G.D. Roberts (London, Ontario: Canadian Poetry Press, 1999).

Keynes, Geoffrey, ed. The Letters of Rupert Brooke (New York: Harcourt, Brace, & World, 1968).

Klinck, Carl F. Wilfred Campbell: A Study in Late Provincial Victorianism (1942; Ottawa: Tecumseh, 1977).

Lampman, Archibald. “Fishing in Rice Lake,” Forest and Stream,” 10 Aug. 1882.

———. Review of The Life and Times of Sir John A. Macdonald, Canadian Illustrated News, 30 June 1883.

———. “The Revolt of Islam,” Archibald Lampman: Selected Prose, ed. Barrie Davis (Ottawa: Tecumseh, 1975).

———. “Two Canadians: A Lecture, 1891,” ed. E.K. Brown, University of Toronto Quarterly, Vol. XIII, No. 4, July 1944.

Lee, Betty. Marie Dressler: The Unlikeliest Star (Lexington: U. of Kentucky P., 1977).

Lee, H.D.C. Bliss Carman: A Study in Canadian Poetry (Buxton, Eng.: Herald Printing Co., 1912).

Logan, J. D. & Donald G. French. Highways of Canadian Literature (Toronto; McClelland & Stewart, 1924).

Lighthall, William Douw, ed. Songs of the Great Dominion (London: Walter Scott, 1889).

Lynn, Helen, ed. An Annotated Edition of the Correspondence between Archibald Lampman and Edward William Thomson (Ottawa: Tecumseh, 1980).

Lyon, George W. “Pauline Johnson: A Reconsideration,” Studies in Canadian Literature, Vol. 15, No. 2, 1990.

Macbeth, Madge. Over My Shoulder (Toronto: Ryerson, 1943).

Macdonald, Alan Houston. Richard Hovey: Man and Craftsman (Durham, N.C.: Duke U. P., 1957).

Macdonald, Joan. The Stanstead College Story (Stanstead: Board of Trustees, 1977).

MacKay, L.A. “Bliss Carman,” The Canadian Forum, Vol. 13, No. 149, Feb. 1933.

———. “William Wilfred Campbell,” The Canadian Forum, Vol. 14. No. 159, Nov. 1933.

Mackenzie, Louis K. “Grues and Gaunts: Carman’s Gothic,” Bliss Carman: A Reappraisal, ed. Gerald Lynch (Ottawa: U. of Ottawa P., 1990).

MacMurchy, Archibald. Handbook of Canadian Literature (Toronto: Briggs, 1906).

Marquis, Thomas Guthrie. English Canadian Literature, Vol. XII of Canada and Her Provinces (Edinburgh Univ. Press, 1913).

Martin, Norma, Catherine Milne,  Donna S. McGillis, Gore’s Landing and the Rice Lake Plains (Bewdley, Ont.: Clay Pub. Co., 1986).

Maule, Harry E. and Melville Cane, eds. The Man from Main Street: A Sinclair Lewis Reader  (New York: Random House, 1952).

McDougall, Robert L. “D.C. Scott: A Trace of Documents and a Touch of Life,” The Duncan Campbell Scott Symposium, ed. K.P. Stich (Ottawa: U. of Ottawa P., 1980).

———, ed. The Poet and the Critic (Ottawa: Carleton U. P., 1983).

McGillivary, Mary B. “Inscribing the Vagabond: Excerpts from a Life,” Canadian Poetry, No 52, Spring/Summer 2003.

McLynn, Frank. Robert Louis Stevenson: A Biography (London: Hutchison, 1993).

McRaye, Walter. Pauline Johnson and Her Friends (Toronto: Ryerson, 1947).

———. Town Hall Tonight (Toronto: Ryerson, 1929).

Miller, Muriel. Bliss Carman: Quest and Revolt (St. John’s: Jesperson, 1985).

Monture, Rick. “ ‘Beneath the British Flag’: Iroquois and Canadian Nationalism in the Work of Pauline Johnson  and Duncan Campbell Scott,” ECW,  75 (2002), 118-41.

Morley, Patricia. As Though Life Mattered: Leo Kennedy’s Story (Montreal, Kingston, London, Buffalo: McGill-Queen’s U. P., 1994).

Morris, Edmund. The Diaries of Edmund Montague Morris: Western Journeys, 1907-1910 (Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum, 1985).

New, W.H. A History of Canadian Literature (Basingstoke: Macmillan Education, 1989).

Pacey, Desmond. Creative Writing in Canada (Toronto: Ryerson, 1952, rev. 1961).

———. Ten Canadian Poets (Toronto: Ryerson, 1958).

Pacey, Desmond and Graham Adams, eds. The Collected Poems of Sir Charles G.D. Roberts (Wolfville, N.S.: Wombat, 1985).

Penner, Norman, ed. The Strikers’ Own History of the Winnipeg General Strike (Toronto: James Lewis and Samuel, 1973).

Percival, W.P. Leading Canadian Poets (Toronto: Ryerson, 1948).

Petrone, Penny. Native Literature in Canada (Toronto: Oxford U. P., 1990).

Pierce, Lorne. “Diaries,” Lorne Pierce Collection, Queen’s University Archives, Kingston, Ontario.

———. “Introduction,” The Selected Poems  of Bliss Carman (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1954).

———. An Outline of Canadian Literature (Montreal, New York, London: Louis Carrier, 1928).

Pomeroy, E.M. Sir Charles G.D. Roberts: A Biography (Toronto: Ryerson, 1943).

———. “Sir Charles G.D. Roberts: Final Chapter,” Canadian Author and Bookman, Vol. XX, No. 2, June 1944.

———. William Saunders and His Five Sons (Toronto: Ryerson, 1956).

Pucker, E.A. “The Social Concerns of Canon Scott,” Journal of the Canadian Church Historical Society, Vol. XXII, Oct. 1980.

Purdy, Al. “On Bliss Carman,” Bliss Carman: A Reappraisal, ed. Gerald Lynch (Ottawa: U. of Ottawa P., 1990).

Rand, Theodore Harding, ed. A Treasury of Canadian Verse (Toronto: Briggs, 1900).

Reville, F. Douglas. History of the County of Brant, Vol II (Brantford: Hurley, 1920).

Rhodenizer, V.B. A Handbook of Canadian Literature (Ottawa: Graphic, 1930).

Ritchie, Leslie, ed. Duncan Campbell Scott: Addresses, Essays and Reviews, Vol. I, Introduction by Stan Dragland (London, Ontario: Canadian Poetry Press, 2000).

Roberts, Charles G.D. “Bliss Carman,” Dalhousie Review, Vol. 9, Jan. 1930.

———. Canadian Poetry in Its Relation to the Poetry of England and America,” Introduction by D.M.R. Bentley, Canadian Poetry, No. 3, Fall/Winter 1978.

———. Lorne Pierce’s 1927 Interview with Charles G.D. Roberts,” Lorne Pierce Collection, Queen’s University Archives, Introduction by Terry Whalen, Canadian Poetry, No. 21, 1987.

———. “More Reminiscences of Bliss Carman,” Dalhousie Review, Vol. 10, April 1930.

———. “A Note on Modernism, Open House, ed. W.A. Deason (Ottawa: Grapic, 1931).

———. “Shelley’s Adonais,” Selected Poetry and Critical Prose of Sir Charles G.D. Roberts, ed. W.J. Keith (Toronto, Buffalo: U. of Toronto P., 1974).

Roberts, Lloyd. The Book of Roberts (Toronto: Ryerson, 1923).

———. “Hell and High Heaven,” unpublished manuscript, Lorne Pierce Collection, Queen’s University Archives, Kingston, Ontario.

Robertson, Norman. The History  of the County of Bruce (1906; Bruce Historical Society, 1960).

Rogers, Timothy. Rupert Brooke (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1971).

Roper, Henry. “A High Anglican Pagan and His Pupil,” Dalhousie Review, Vol. 75, No. 1, Spring 1995.

Ross, Malcolm, ed. Our Sense of Identity (Toronto: Ryerson, 1954).

—— ed. Poets of  the  Confederation, New Canadian Library (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1960).

Royce, Josiah. The Religious Aspect of Philosophy (1885; Gloucester, Mass.: Peter Smith, 1965).

Sage, G.B. “Archibald Lampman as I Knew Him at Trinity University,” Canadian Notes and  Queries, No. 18, Dec. 1976.

Samuels, Ernest. Bernard Berenson: The Making of a Connoisseur (Cambridge, Mass.: Belkap P. of Harvard U. P., 1979).

Scott, Duncan Campbell. “Foreword,” The Circle of Affection (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1947).

———. “Indian Affairs, 1867-1912,” Canada and Its Provinces, Vol. 7, Section 4 (Toronto: Glasgow, Brook, 1914).

———. “Introduction,” Lyrics of Earth (Toronto: Musson, 1925).

———. “Letter to Ralph Gustafson,” The Fiddlehead, 42 Summer 1959.

———. “Memoir,” The Poems of Archibald Lampman (Toronto: Morang, 1900).

———. Untitled Novel, ca 1905 (Moonbeam, Ontario: Penumbra, 1979).

———. Walter J. Phillips (Toronto: Ryerson, 1947).

Scott, Frederick George. The Great War as I Saw It ( Toronto: F.D. Goodchild, 1922).

Seton, Ernest Thompson.“Introduction,” The Shagganappi (Toronto: Briggs, 1913).

Shand-Tucci, Douglass. Boston Bohemia, 1881-1900 (Amherst: U. of Massachusetts P., 1995).

Shepard, Odell. Bliss Carman (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1923).

Smith, A.J.M., ed. The Book of Canadian Poetry (Chicago: U. of Chicago P., 1943).

———, ed. Masks of Poetry, New Canadian Library (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart. 1962).

———. On Poetry and Poets: Selected Essays of A.J.M. Smith, New Canadian Library (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1977).

———, ed. Oxford  Book of Canadian Verse in English and French (Toronto: Oxford U. P., 1960).

———. Towards a View of Canadian Letters: Selected Critical Essays, 1928-1941 (Vancouver: U. of British Columbia P., 1973).

Souster, Raymond. “Archibald Lampman: A Debt Repaid,” Comfort of the Fields (Sutton West: Paget, 1979).

Sorfleet, John Robert. “Transcendentalist, Mystic, Evolutionary Idealist: Bliss Carman, 1886-1894,” Colony to Nation, ed. George Woodcock (Vancouver: U. of British Columbia P., 1974).

Staines, David, ed. The Impossible Sum of Our Traditions (Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1986).

Stephen, A.M. “The Poetry of Charles G.D. Roberts,” Queen’s Quarterly, No. 36, Winter, 1929.

Stephens, Donald. Bliss Carman (New York: Twayne, 1966).

Stock, Noel. The Life of Ezra Pound: An Expanded Edition (San Francisco: North Point, 1982).

Strong, William. “Charles G. D. Roberts’ ‘Tantramar Revisited’,” Canadian Poetry, No. 3, Fall/ Winter, 1978.

Strong-Boag, Veronica & Carole Gerson. Paddling Her Own Canoe: The Time and Texts of E. Pauline Johnson (Tekahionwake), (Toronto, Buffalo, London: U. of Toronto P., 2000).

Surette, Leon. “Ezra Pound, Bliss Carman, and Richard Hovey,” Canadian Poetry, No. 43, Fall/Winter, 1998.

Sykes, W. J. “Memoir,” The Poetical Works of Wilfred Campbell (London, Toronto: Hodder & Stoughton, 1922).

Titley, E. Brian. Narrow Vision: Duncan Campbell Scott and the Administration of Indian Affairs in Canada (Vancouver: U. of British Columbia P., 1986).

Tree, Christina & Christine Hamm. New Hampshire (Woodstock, Vermont: Countryman P., 2000).

Untermeyer.Louis. “Archibald Lampman and the Sonnet,” Poet-Lore, Vol. 20, Nov. 1909.

Van Steen, Marcus. Pauline Johnson: Her Life and Work (Toronto: Musson, 1965).

Vincent, Thomas. “Bliss Carman’s ‘Low Tides’,” Canadian Literature, No. 129.

Ware, Tracy. “The Beginnings of Duncan Campbell Scott’s Poetic Career,” English Studies in  Canada, No. 16, 1990.

———. “Bringing ‘Gladness out of Sorrow’: By the Aurelian Wall,” Bliss Carman: A Reappraisal (Ottawa: U. of Ottawa P., 1990).

———. “Charles G.D. Roberts and the Elegiac Tradition,” The Sir Charles G.D. Roberts Symposium, ed. Glenn Clever (Ottawa: U. of Ottawa P., 1984).

———. “D.C. Scott’s ‘The Height of Land’ and the Great Romantic Lyric,” Canadian Literature, No. 111, 1986.

———. The Integrity of Bliss Carman’s Low Tide on Grand Pré,” Canadian Poetry, No. 14, 1984.

———, ed. “The Lives of a Poet: the Correspondence of Earle Birney and Desmond Pacey, 1957-58,” Canadian Poetry, No. 56, Spring/Summer, 2005.

———, ed. A Northern Romanticism: Poets of the Confederation (Ottawa: Tecumseh, 2000).

———. “Remembering It All Well: ‘Tantramar Revisited’,” Studies in Canadian Literature, No. 8, 1983.

Watts-Dutton, Theodore. “In Memoriam: Pauline Johnson,” Flint and Feather (Toronto: Musson, 17th ed., 1943).

Wetherell, J.E., ed. Later Canadian Poems (Toronto: Copp Clark, 1893).

Whalen, Terry. “Bliss Carman,” Canadian Writers and Their Works, Poetry Series, Vol. Two, (Downsview, Ontario: ECW, 1983).

———. “Wilfred Campbell: The Poetry of Celebration and Harmony,” Journal of Canadian Poetry,  Vol. I, No. 2, Autumn 1978.

Woodcock, George. “Preface,” Canadian Writers and Their Works, Poetry Series, Vol. 2, eds. Robert Leker, Jack David, Ellen Quigley (Downsview, Ontario: ECW, 1983).

Yardley, M. Jeanne. “ ‘The Bitterness and the Greatness’: Reading F.G. Scott’s War,” Studies in Canaadian Literature, Vol. 16.1, 1991, 83.

Yeigh, Frank. “Recollections of Pauline Johnson,” The Western Home Monthly, Oct. 1924.