Materials for Energy, Mineral Resources and the Environment
This class of materials includes those employed in the generation or storage of energy, as well as those derived from the earth or other planets. Nineteen research groups, representing the Departments of Chemical & Biochemical Engineering, Chemistry, Earth Science, and Mechanical & Materials Engineering engage in focused research ranging from the study of extra-terrestrial materials and metal-organic frameworks for gas storage and capture, to ensuring the safety and longevity of metallic containers for the permanent disposal of nuclear fuel waste and the development of nanomaterials for clean energy.
Spencer Engineering Building, Rm 3077
519-661-2111 ext 88016
Computational and experimental solid mechanics, crystal plasticity, finite element, synchrotron and electron diffraction and imaging techniques.
Dr. Abdolvand’s research focuses on the development and linking of different numerical methods to advanced diffraction and image-based experimental techniques. His research seeks to explain the effects of various environments on the performance and integrity of metallic and non-metallic composite materials. He runs the multi-scale deformation lab, where graduate students work on the deformation of materials across length and time scales.
Biological and Geological Sciences Building, Rm 1000D
519-661-2111 ext 85246
Earth science, quantitative fluid inclusion gas analysis, mass spectrometry.
Nigel Blamey is a geochemist who specializes in
Biological and Geological Sciences Building, Rm. 1040
Petrology, isotope geochemistry and cosmochemistry of planetary materials.
Biological and Geological Sciences Building, Rm. 0172
519 661-2111 ext 83143
Chemistry Building, Rm. 17
519 661-2111 ext 86384
Characterization of metal-organic frameworks used for capture and storage of CO2; zeolite and related materials used in petroleum industry.
Zeolites and related molecule sieves are widely used in industry in ion-exchange, gas separation and catalysis. Dr. Huang’s research is centered on (1) the host-guest interaction in zeolitic systems and (2) the crystallization of nanoporous materials under hydrothermal, dry gel conversion and
Biological and Geological Sciences Building, Rm. 0176
519 661-2111 ext 83192
Structures and fabrics in Earth’s crust and mantle, Multiscale simulation of fabric development in Earth materials; Tectonic evolution of orogenic belts.
Dr. Jiang’s research interest lies primarily in using structures and fabrics preserved in Earth’s crust and mantle, observed on small scales such as in field rock exposures, in hand samples, and under microscopes, to unravel large-scale tectonic deformation processes. He integrates fieldwork, laboratory microstructural and texture analysis, and numerical modeling in his research. He has developed a self-consistent micromechanical approach for modeling multi-scale fabric development during the deformation of the heterogeneous Earth’s lithosphere. The approach provides a rigorous link between structural geology and tectonics.
Spencer Engineering Building, Rm 3075
519 661-2111 x88323
Effect of ion and neutron irradiation on the mechanical properties of materials,
Dr. Klassen's research is directed to studying the mechanisms of time-dependent plastic deformation that operate in small volumes of pure metals and alloys. These studies are performed with either nano-indentation or micro-pillar compression testing and focus on establishing relationships between the underlying deformation mechanisms and microstructural features.
Biological and Geological Sciences Building, Rm. 100B
519 661-2111 ext 89207
Magmatic-Hydrothermal systems and the
Research by Dr. Linnen involves experimental and field-based studies on the
Biological and Geological Sciences Building, Rm. 1023
Stable isotope science across the atmosphere-hydrosphere-biosphere-lithosphere (soil, sediment, rock) continuum (Earth-Systems Science), stable isotope and biomarker proxies for paleoclimate reconstruction in continental and lacustrine systems, and stable isotope systematics of Pleistocene and Holocene ecosystems and associated megafauna.
Dr. Longstaffe is a Distinguished University Professor and Canada Research Chair in Stable Isotope Science at the University of Western Ontario, where he is a member of the Department of Earth Sciences, cross-appointed in Anthropology, Biology
Biological and Geological Sciences Building, Rm. 0187
519 661-2111 ext 88008
Dr. Phil McCausland is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Earth Sciences and Curator of the Western Meteorite Collection. His research is primarily on: 1) the physical properties and mineralogy of meteorites, with an emphasis on shock metamorphism, magnetism
Chemistry Building, Rm. 25
Methods for improved analysis of the microstructure of materials; Laue diffraction, XRD, elastic and plastic deformation, XPS, material surfaces.
Dr. McIntyre's research is concentrated on the improvement of microscopic
Biological and Geological Sciences Building, Rm. 1070
519 661-2111 ext 84214
Micro- to nano-scale deformation and chemical structure of materials, geochronology of planetary and resource evolution, EBSD, CL, STEM, EDS
Dr. Moser directs the Zircon and Accessory Phase Laboratory (ZAPLab) which is an electron nanobeam facility (www.zaplab.uwo.ca) for determining the deformation and chemical structure of materials down to the nanoscale. Moser’s group is expert in the application of Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD), Cathodoluminescence (CL) and X-ray spectroscopy (EDS/WDS) techniques to micro minerals used for isotopic dating of earth, solar system
Chemistry Building, Rm 20
519-661-2111 ext 88029
Electrochemistry and corrosion.
The Noël group employs innovative, multidisciplinary approaches to solving problems that straddle the boundaries of chemistry, physics, earth sciences, metallurgy, and materials science, especially those related to materials electrochemistry and corrosion/degradation. This often requires designing and constructing specialized apparatus for novel experiments or extreme environments, performing
Thompson Engineering Building, Rm. 457
519-661-4116 (on campus ext 84116)
CO2 adsorption, Cold temperature CO oxidation, Magnetic nano-aggregates for drug delivery, ZIF loaded TiO2 nanotube arrays for water detoxification.
Among the current research projects conducted by Dr. Rohani’s group are the use of magnetic nano-aggregates for controlled drug delivery, synthesis and modification of TiO2nanoparticles and highly ordered nanotube arrays for water splitting, solar cells
Chemistry Building, Rm. 067
519 661-2111 ext 82858
Organic solar cells, organic conjugated polymers, organic semiconductors; organic nanostructured materials; energy storage materials.
Dr. Semenikhin’s research is focused on the development of new materials and approaches for energy conversion and storage. Particular areas of interests are organic solar cells, organic semiconductors, nanoscale modification of materials, materials for electrochemical energy storage.
Biology & Geological Science Building, Rm. 1066
519 661-2111 ext 82467
synthesis of novel material using diamond-anvil cell and laser-heating method; stress and elasticity study on strong and superhard materials; high pressure and high-temperature
Dr. Shieh is an expert in the characterization and investigation of materials under extreme conditions of pressures and temperatures using micro-Raman, infrared, synchrotron x-ray diffraction and synchrotron x-ray spectroscopy. The sample size can range from nanometer to micron and in the form of liquid or solid. Carbon and hydrogen-based materials are particularly interesting.
Surface Science Western, 999 Collip Circle, Western Research Park
519 661-2111 ext. 86366 and 86154
Electrochemistry of materials; corrosion science and engineering; development and application of surface analytical techniques.
Research in the Shoesmith laboratory is focussed on the electrochemistry and corrosion science of metal and ceramic oxide systems with a primary emphasis on industrial and environmental applications. Experimentally, the primary goal is to understand the mechanisms and determine the kinetics of a range of reactions involved in surface processes. Based on these fundamental studies, computational models are then developed to describe the
Spenser Engineering Building
519 661-2111 ext 87759
Nanomaterials, fuel cells,
Dr. Sun’s research is focused on nanomaterials for clean energy. The scope of Sun’s research ranges from fundamental science
Biology & Geological Science Building, Rm. 1018
519 661-2111x 88627
Dr. Withers makes rocks and minerals in the lab. He uses vibrational spectroscopy together with ion beam techniques for characterization and quantitative analysis of light elements in minerals, glasses
Chemistry Building, Rm. 016
519 661-2111 ext 86339
corrosion of nuclear reactor materials, radiation-induced metal oxide nanoparticles
Gamma-irradiation creates unique reactive environments that can alter the electric potential field at interfaces and thereby influence mass and charge transfer across phase boundaries. Dr. Wren’s research uses a judicious combination of gamma-irradiation and aqueous conditions to achieve tailored formation of (1) uniform-sized transition metal oxide nanoparticles, (2) very uniform and compact oxide films, and (3) micelles in IL/water systems. Dr. Wren’s research involves both experiments and