The concept of data-driven governance is a key enabling element of our BrainsCAN implementation plan, because reliance on quantitative metrics allows our governing and managing bodies to understand the precise state of our scientific endeavor. Where metrics lag, we see quantified risk; where metrics exceed, we see quantified opportunity. With these data in hand, management can form concrete action plans to minimize risk and capitalize on opportunity; likewise, at the governance level, these same data enable the board to meet their obligation to hold the endeavor accountable to its commitments.