Undergraduate Course 2221



Course number:
Anatomy 2221/9501/9524 (formerly 221)
Anat 2221, Kinesiology: Full year 2013-2014
Anat 9501, School of Physical Therapy:
Two terms Sept -Feb, 2013-2014
Anat 9524, School of Occupational Therapy:
Fall term Sept - Dec, 2013

Course Name:
Functional Human Anatomy for Kin, PT, OT

1. The overall course OBJECTIVES are to:

  • Identify through cadaveric dissection the major structures of each of the body regions.
  • Correlate structure and function as it applies to the gross anatomical features and overall function of the body systems
  • Integrate basic physiological and biomechanical concepts, to better understand the gross anatomical structure and function
  • Provide practical examples of how the anatomical knowledge may be applied to the students’ varied disciplines (kinesiology, physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT))
  • Develop an ability to predict the anatomical basis for a number of injury mechanisms and congenital anomalies
  • Have fun


Organization:   There are two lectures and one lab per week.  Where possible, the lecture material will explain and expand upon the topics covered in the subsequent lab.  The labs are designed as self‑discovery experiences so that exploration is done by the student with the laboratory assistant supervising and helping only on request.  Doors to the lab shall remain locked at all times.

Western Science Centre 55             
Tuesdays & Thursdays, 2:30 - 3:30 p.m.

Dental Sciences Building 4001       
Anatomy 9501 - Wednesdays, 2:30 4:30p.m. 
Anatomy 2221 - Tuesdays or Thursdays, 3:30 - 5:30 p.m.
Anatomy 9524 - Fridays   8:30 - 10:30 a.m.

Required course for each of Anat 2221, 9501, 9524
Prerequisite(s): for Kin - Grade 12U Bio; enrollment in MScPT or MScOT or BSC stream of Kin
Antirequisite(s): Anat 3319

Senate regulation regarding the student’s responsibility regarding requisites:

Unless you have either the requisites for this course or written special permission from your Dean to enroll in it, you may be removed from this course and it will be deleted from your record. This decision may not be appealed. You will receive no adjustment to your fees in the event that you are dropped from a course for failing to have the necessary prerequisites.


Course Committee Chair:

Dr. M. Johnson

Course Director:

Dr. M. Johnson

Anatomy 9501, 9524

Office: MSB487, Medical Sciences Building
Phone: 519 661-2111, Ext 86756
E-mail: Marjorie.johnson@schulich.uwo.ca

Course Director:

Dr. M.  Mottola

Anatomy 2221:

Room 2214, 3M Centre
Phone 519 661-2111, Ext 85480
E-mail: mmottola@uwo.ca


Dr. T. Wilson

Office: MSB490, Medical Science Building
Phone: 519-661-2111 Ext. 81587
E-mail: tim.wilson@uwo.ca


Dr. Brian Allman

Office: MSB 460, Medical Sciences Building
Phone: 519-661-2111 ext.  88689
Email: brian.allman@schulich.uwo.ca

Dr. Michelle Mottola

Office: 3M Rm 2214
Phone 519 661-2111, Ext 85480
Email: mmottola@uwo.ca

Teaching assistants: each lab will have 2-4 graduate teaching assistants or volunteers - names TBA

Office Hours:
Primarily, we have an open door policy and do respond to email as "virtual office hours". It is always good practice to call or email ahead of time if you would like to meet in person.

This site will be used primarily for lecture material, grades, practice quizzes, announcements and calendar updates.

Students with Sakai issues should contact the Computer Support Centre at 519 661-3800 or fill out the webform: https://servlet.uwo.ca:8081/vistahelpdesk/controller.jsp.


Required Course Notes:

In the past there were 3 course pkgs for the year.  These are now posted on Sakai NOT as hard copies. A friend from previous years may had a hard copy to lend if you do not want to print out the notes.


Atlas of Clinical Gross Anatomy, 2005, Moses et al., Elsevier Mosby, Philadelphia ISBN 0323037445


Human Anatomy: Color atlas and text. 2008, 5th  edition. Gosling et al., Mosby-Wolfe, London
ISBN:9780723434511  - Older editions are sufficient


An atlas is required for labs. Note: there must be at least one atlas per group during the lab sessions.
Some atlases are provided in the lab and these must remain in the lab.

Atlas  Recommended if not using Moses et al (above)

Grant's Atlas of Anatomy, 2005, 11th edition,  Agur & Dalley, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore.


Atlas of Human Anatomy, 2003, 3nd edition, Netter, Novartis, East Hanover, N.J.


Color Atlas of Anatomy, 5th edition, 2002, Rohen, Yokochi, Lutjen-Drecol, LWW


Videotapes are available for use in the Natural Sciences Library.   Look for additional resources on the course web site home page.

THE ANATOMY LEARNING CENTRE: WHERE AND WHAT IS IT? The Anatomy Learning Centre is located in Room D4002 of the Dental Sciences Building. It contains computers, each containing the software package in Gross Anatomy –A.D.A.M. Interactive Anatomy and plastic models of most anatomical structures.  The entrance code for the door will be given out during the first lab.



Type of Test/Exam

Duration (hour)

% of Final

Anatomy 9501

Lab Practical 1

1 hour



Lab Practical 2 & 3

1 hour



Term I Written Test

2 hour



Term II Lab Practical

1 hour



Term II Written Exam

1 hour






Anatomy 9524

Lab Practical 1

1 hour



Lab Practical 2

1 hour



Lab Practical 3

1 hour



Final Written Exam

2 hour






Anatomy 2221

Lab Practical 1 & 2

1 hour



Lab Practical 3

1 hour



Term I Written Test

2 hour



Term II Lab Practical 1

1 hour



Term II Lab Practical 2 & 3

1 hour



Term II Written  Exam

2 hour



Multiple choice tests and exams will be graded using the Scantron system.  Multiple-choice exams may be examined by computer software to check for unusual coincidences in answer patterns that may indicate cheating.  Lab practical tests will be oral exams (VIVIAs), where students are given 5-10 min to demonstrate or describe the region in question to an examiner.  The written exams are cumulative within each term, not across terms.  The breakdown of questions will reflect the material covered.  (ie. Dec written will be 50:50 back/upper and lower limb and the April final will be 50:50 head/neck/thorax and abdomen/pelvis.)


  • A minimum of 80% attendance is required for the labs.  Documentation is required for attendance less than 80%.  Any attendance less than 80% without documentation will result in an automatic loss of 5% of the overall course grade.
  • An overall passing average (according to your specific program) is required to pass the course.  In other words, a student may fail a lab component but still have an overall passing average.
  • Rounding of grades: Decimal points above .5 will be rounded to the next whole number (eg. 69.5 to a 70%).  As a faculty requirement, rounding up of a mark from 68.5% to 70%, for example, will also occur in this course. 

Absence from course commitments

A.  Absence for medical illness or non-medical reasons:
Students must familiarize themselves with the Policy on Accommodation for Medical Illness:  https://studentservices.uwo.ca/secure/index.cfm

  • Documentation for medical or non-medical reasons, according to the Policy on

Accommodation for Medical Illness is required for absences from tests or exams.  Documentation is not required for work worth less than 10% of the total course grade (ie. individual lab sessions). When documentation is required for missing an exam or test, such documentation must be submitted by the student directly to the appropriate Faculty Dean’s office and not by the instructor.

  • It will be the Dean’s office that will determine if accommodation is warranted.
  • The date and nature of a make-up test/exam will be determined by the instructor, in consultation with the student.  Generally, students who miss a lab test will be given a verbal 1:1 lab test or re-weighing of grades will be considered.   Written tests/exam will be made up by a written test/exam.

Statement from the Dean’s Office
If you are unable to meet a course requirement due to illness or other serious circumstances, you must provide valid medical or other supporting documentation to the Dean's office as soon as possible and contact your instructor immediately.  It is the student's responsibility to make alternative arrangements with their instructor once the accommodation has been approved and the instructor has been informed. In the event of a missed final exam, a "Recommendation of Special Examination" form must be obtained from the Dean's Office immediately. For further information please see:
PT Attendance:
Students in the MSc PT are expected to attend all classes and laboratory sessions.  If a student must be absent from regularly scheduled class times he/she is expected to contact the course instructor/manager and the School of PT main office and excuse himself/herself from that class or lab.  A student requiring academic accommodation due to illness, should use the Student Medical Certificate when visiting an off-campus medical facility or request a Record's Release Form (located in the Dean's Office) for visits to Student Health Services.
The form can be found at:

The Policy on Accommodation for Medical Illness is also available on the BMSUE secure site:  www.uwo.ca/bmsc

B. Special Examinations
A Special Examination is any examination other than the regular examination, and it may be offered only with the permission of the Dean of the Faculty in which the student is registered, in consultation with the instructor and Department Chair. Permission to write a Special Examination may be given on the basis of compassionate or medical grounds with appropriate supporting documents.

A Special Examination must be written at the University or an Affiliated University College no later than 30 days after the end of the examination period involved. To accommodate unusual circumstances, a date later than this may be arranged at the time permission is first given by the Dean of the Faculty. The Dean will consult with the instructor and Department Chair and, if a later date is arranged, will communicate this to Registrarial Services. If a student fails to write a scheduled Special Examination, permission to write another Special Examination will be granted only with the permission of the Dean in exceptional circumstances and with appropriate supporting documents. In such a case, the date of this Special Examination normally will be the scheduled date for the final exam the next time the course is offered.


Senate regulations require ALL instructors to include the following statements on plagiarism, cheating and proficiency in English in the course outline:

“Students must write their essays and assignments in their own words.  Whenever students take an idea or passage from another author, they must acknowledge their debt both by using quotation marks where appropriate and by proper referencing such as footnotes or citations.  Plagiarism is a major academic offence (see Scholastic Offence Policy in the Western Academic Calendar).”  

8. TERM SCHEDULE as follows: (changes may be made during the term as needed)

TERM 1 2013-2014
INTRO – Dr. Johnson

Lecture Schedule



Page # (Gosling -G; Moses -M)

Tues. Sept 10

Introduction to the course, anatomical terminology, skin/fascia

G2-11, M2-5

Thurs. Sept 12

Joints and Vertebral column

G12-15, 392-403; M296-311

Tues. Sept 17

Superficial back & Deep Back

G404-409; M322-333

Thurs. Sept 19

Spinal cord and Peripheral Nervous system

G20-23; M297-298

UPPER LIMB –Dr. Allman

Lecture Schedule




Tues. Sept 24

Intro to Upper limb,

Muscles of the Scapula

G72-75; M158- 159

G100-105; M184-195

Thurs. Sept 26

Pectoral Muscles and Axilla

G31-32,76; M160-171
G 77-80; M 172

Tues. Oct 1

Brachial Plexus

G 80-81; M 172-183

Thurs. Oct 3


G82-85, 106- 107; M 210-223

Tues. Oct 8

Shoulder and Elbow Joint

G115-122; M 196-209, M 224-225

Thurs. Oct 10

Forearm Flexors

G86-90; M224-239

Tues. Oct 15

Forearm Flexors and Carpal tunnel

G 123-126; M240-249, M260- 273

Thurs. Oct 17

Extensors and Wrist/Hand

G108-114; M250-259

Tues. Oct 22


G90-99; M 274-291

Thurs. Oct 24

Review or catch-up



Back and Upper Limb Lab Schedule


Topic - see lab instructions in notes pkg under these headings


Week of Sept 9

Service, Osteology of axial skeleton and upper limb


Week of Sept 16

Superficial back


Week of Sept 23

Deep back and spinal cord


Week of Sept 30

Lab Practical 1
Pectoral and Shoulder Region, Axilla


Week of Oct 7

Brachial Plexus, Arm


Week of Oct 14

Flexor Region of Forearm, Shoulder/Elbow Joint


Week of Oct 21

Extensor Region of Forearm, Palm, Hand


Week of Oct 28

Hand and Wrist


Week of Oct 28

Lab Practical 2



Lecture Schedule – Dr. Tim Wilson




Pages (Moses)

Tues. Oct 29

Intro lower limb, Pelvic girdle, Lumbosacral plexus



New Fall Break Oct 31-Nov 3


Tues. Nov 5

Anterior and Medial thigh


Thurs. Nov 7

Medial and lateral thigh


Tues.. Nov 12

Gluteal region


Thurs. Nov 14

Posterior thigh


Tues.. Nov 19

Hip and Knee Joint

500-511; 524-539

Thurs Nov 21

Popliteal Fossa and Leg Overview


Tues.. Nov 26

Posterior and Anterior leg


Thurs. Nov 28

Lateral leg and ankle joint

540-549, 560-573

Tues. Dec 3

Foot arches, joints and ligaments


Thurs. Dec 5

Intrinsic Foot Muscles



Lower Limb Lab Schedule




Week of Nov 4

Anterior/Medial thigh dissection, self-study lower limb osteology


Week of Nov 11

Gluteal and Posterior thigh, Hip Joint


Week of Nov 18

Posterior Leg dissection, knee prosections


Week of Nov 25

Anterior leg


Week of Dec 2

Foot and ankle
Lab Practical 3


Dec 8 - 21

Mid-year exam period.  Exam date TBA



Term 2 2013-2014
NECK & THORAX – Dr. Johnson
Lecture Schedule




Tues. Jan 7

Skull, Brain, Brain Stem

refer to corresponding chapters
Chapter 7 pg 369-378

Thurs Jan 9

Brain stem, Cranial nerves, Cn VII

pg 333 + 340 - 350

Tues Jan 14

CnVII, CnV, Muscles Mastication, TMJ

pg 333 - 339

Thurs Jan 16

Blood Supply to Head & Neck

pg 321, 325,328-332, 338

Tues Jan 21

Triangles of Neck

pg 322 - 329

Thurs Jan 23

Carotid Triangle and root of neck

pg 328 - 332

Tues Jan  28

Thoracic wall, respiration, breasts

Chapter 2, pg  26-35

Thurs Jan 30

Pleura and lungs

pg 36 - 42

Tues  Feb 4

Mediastinum, pericardium

pg 43 - 45, 57 - 60

Thurs  Feb 6


pg 45 - 52

Tues  Feb 11

Heart Circulation and Conductivity

pg 53 - 56

Thurs  Feb 13

Posterior Thoracic Wall

pg 61 - 63


Spring Break/Study Week Feb 17-21


Tues  Feb 25

ANS in posterior wall

pg 63, 22, 197-199

Wed  Feb 26

PT final (1:30 pm)


Thurs  Feb 27




Lab Schedule and instructions will be on the course website:



Course Lab Notes

Week of Jan 6

Osteology of skull, meninges

follow lab notes in this pkg

Week of Jan 13

Brain, Muscles of Face, CnVII


Week of Jan 20

Muscles Mastication, Cn V, TMJ


Week of Jan 27

Triangles of Neck & Blood supply


Week of Feb 3

Thoracic Wall, Pleural Cavity & Lungs


Week of Feb 10

Lab Practical 1


Week of Feb 10

Middle Mediastinum & Heart


Week of Feb 17



Week of Feb 24

Posterior Mediastinum




Lecture Schedule



Textbook Pages
(M = Moses et al. 2005)
(G= Gosling et al. 2008)

Tues Mar 4

Abdominal Wall & Inguinal Canal

M - 422-431
G - 136-137; 140-147

Thurs Mar 6

Inguinal Canal &
Overview of Digestive System

M - 423-24; 429; 431; 402-05
G - 146-151; 138

Tues Mar 11

Peritoneal Membranes & Abdominal Contents

M - 390-91; 402-05
G - 152-158

Thurs Mar 13

Abdominal Contents & Portal System

M - 386-398; 402-416
G - 164-179

Tues Mar 18

Posterior Abdominal Wall & Blood/Nerve supply

M - 372-74; 376-82; 392; 417-18
G - 190-206

Thurs Mar 20

Urinary System & Kidneys

M - 373; 387-88; 396
G - 186-189

Tues Mar 25

Bony Pelvis & Perineum

M - 436-38; 445-447; 470-481
G - 214-217; 232-234

Thurs Mar 27

Pelvic Nerves & Vessels

M - 459; 437-438; 441-444
G - 235-239

Tues Apr 1

Male Pelvic Viscera

M - 450-451; 453-459
G - 240-243; 226-231

Thurs Apr 3

Female Pelvic Viscera

M - 450-52; 460-465
G - 246-247; 219-225

Tues Apr 8

Pregnancy and obstetrics concerns


Lab Schedule and instructions will be found on the web site:



OnlineCourse Lab Notes

Week of Mar 3

Abdominal wall    
Lab Practical 2

Abdominal wall lab 

Week of Mar 10

Abdominal contents    

Abdominal contents 

Week of Mar 17

Posterior wall of Abdomen  
(contents will be removed)

Posterior wall 

Week of Mar 24

Pelvis, Blood vessels, Nerves   
use prosections and intact viscera in cadaver

Pelvis Perineum

Week of Mar 31

Pelvis & perineum
use prosections and intact viscera in cadaver

Pelvis Perineum

Week of Apr 7

Lab Practical 3


Exams begin April 14th




Students may have access to the Lab and Learning Centre during regular hours of each week day, if no class is present. Due to security issues the building will lock down at 6pm each night and will not be open on weekends.


  1. Food and/or drink are not allowed in the Anatomy lab or Learning Centre.
  2. Lab coats and closed-toe shoes are required in the Anatomy lab.  Safety glasses are required.
  3. The security system locks down the building at 6pm every night, and the lab will not be accessible on the weekends.
  4. Extra study hours outside of your designated lab time will be posted on the blackboard in the lab. Please let Haley or Kevin know if you will be in the lab.
  5. See Haley about all lab equipment, lab coats and locker combinations.

Statement on Academic Offences
Scholastic offences are taken seriously and students are directed to read the appropriate policy, specifically, the definition of what constitutes a Scholastic Offence, at the following Web site: http://www.uwo.ca/univsec/handbook/appeals/scholoff.pdf

Support Services:
Registrarial Services: http://www.registrar.uwo.ca

Academic Counselling (Science and Basic Medical Sciences): http://www.uwo.ca/sci/counselling/index.html Student

Student Development Services: http://westernusc.ca/services/

Students that are in emotional/mental distress should refer to Mental Health@Western http://www.uwo.ca/uwocom/mentalhealth/ for a complete list of options about how to obtain help”.


10. Respectful Learning Environment

Atmosphere Copyright © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
“We can all learn from each other.  To encourage the free and open sharing of information and ideas, we must all work together to develop a respectful and supportive environment.  Disrespectful or discourteous behaviour is inappropriate and unacceptable in the classroom.”