Undergraduate Course 2221



Course number:
Anatomy 2221/9501/9524 (formerly 221)

Course Name:
Functional Human Anatomy for Kin, PT, OT

1. The overall course OBJECTIVES are to:

  • Identify through cadaveric dissection the major structures of each of the body regions.
  • structure and function as it applies to the gross anatomical features and overall function of the body systems
  • Integrate basic physiological and biomechanical concepts, to better understand the gross anatomical structure and function
  • Provide practical examples of how the anatomical knowledge may be applied to the students’ varied disciplines (kinesiology, physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT))
  • Develop an appreciation for a number of injury mechanisms and congenital anomalies
  • Have fun


Organization: There are two lectures and one lab per week. Where possible, the lecture material will explain and expand upon the topics covered in the subsequent lab. The labs are designed as self-discovery experiences so that exploration is done by the student with the laboratory assistant supervising and helping only on request. Doors to the lab shall remained locked at all times.

Lectures: Western Science Centre 55, Tuesdays & Thursdays, 2:30 - 3:30 p.m.

Labs: Dental Sciences Building 4001

           Anatomy 9501 - Wednesdays, 2:30 - 4:30 p.m.

          Anatomy 2221 - Tuesdays or Thursdays, 3:30 - 5:30 p.m.

          Anatomy 9524 - Fridays, 8:30 - 10:30 a.m.

Required course for each of Anat 2221, 9501, 9524
Prerequisite(s): for Kin - Grade 12U Bio; enrollment in MScPT or MScOT
Antirequisite(s): Anat 3319

Senate regulation regarding the student’s responsibility regarding requisites:

Unless you have either the requisites for this course or written special permission from your Dean to enroll in it, you may be removed from this course and it will be deleted from your record. This decision may not be appealed. You will receive no adjustment to your fees in the event that you are dropped from a course for failing to have the necessary prerequisites.


Course Committee Chair:

Dr. M. Johnson

Course Director:

Dr. M. Johnson

Anatomy 9501, 9524

Office: MSB487, Medical Sciences Building
Phone: 519 661-2111, Ext 86756
E-mail: Marjorie.johnson@schulich.uwo.ca

Course Director:

Dr. M. Johnson

Anatomy 2221:

Office: Room 2214, 3M Centre
Phone: 519 661-2111, Ext 85480
E-mail: mmottola@uwo.ca


Dr. T. Wilson

Office: MSB490, Medical Science Building
Phone: 519-661-2111 Ext. 81587
E-mail: tim.wilson@uwo.ca


Dr. Peter Merrifield

Office: 428 Medical Sciences Building
Phone: 519-661-2111 ext. 86819
Email: peter.merrifield@schulich.uwo.ca

Michele Barbeau

Office: MSB 486
Email: mbarbeau@uwo.ca

Teaching assistants: each lab will have 2-4 graduate teaching assistants - names TBA and volunteers

Office Hours:
Primarily, we have an open door policy and do respond to email as "virtual office hours". It is always good practice to call or email ahead of time if you would like to meet in person.

This site will be used primarily for lecture material, grades, practice quizzes, announcements and calendar updates.

Students with Sakai issues should contact the Computer Support Centre at 519 661-3800 or fill out the webform: https://servlet.uwo.ca:8081/vistahelpdesk/controller.jsp.


Required Course Notes:

In the past there were 3 course pkgs for the year.  These are now posted on Sakai NOT as hard copies. A friend from previous years may had a hard copy to lend if you do not want to print out the notes.


Atlas of Clinical Gross Anatomy, 2005, Moses et al., Elsevier Mosby, Philadelphia ISBN 0323037445


Human Anatomy: Color atlas and text. 2008, 5th  edition. Gosling et al., Mosby-Wolfe, London
ISBN:9780723434511  - Older editions are sufficient


An atlas is required for labs. Note: there must be at least one atlas per group during the lab sessions.
Some atlases are provided in the lab and these must remain in the lab.

Atlas  Recommended if not using Moses et al (above)

Grant's Atlas of Anatomy, 2005, 11th edition,  Agur & Dalley, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore.


Atlas of Human Anatomy, 2003, 3nd edition, Netter, Novartis, East Hanover, N.J.


Color Atlas of Anatomy, 5th edition, 2002, Rohen, Yokochi, Lutjen-Drecol, LWW


Videotapes are available for use in the Natural Sciences Library.   Look for additional resources on the course web site home page.

THE ANATOMY LEARNING CENTRE: WHERE AND WHAT IS IT? The Anatomy Learning Centre is located in Room D4002 of the Dental Sciences Building. It contains computers, each containing the software package in Gross Anatomy –A.D.A.M. Interactive Anatomy and plastic models of most anatomical structures.  The entrance code for the door will be given out during the first lab.


Course Type of Test/Exam Duration (hour) % of Final
Anatomy 9501 Mid-term Lab Practical (Oct 29) 2 14%
  Term 1 Lab Practical 2 25%
  Term 1 Written Test 2 25%
  Term 2 Lab Practical (Feb 27) 2 18%
  Term 2 Written Exam 2 18%
Anatomy 9524 Weekly Mini Lab tests   15%
  Mid-term Lab Practical (Oct 29) 2 20%
  Final Lab Practical Exam 2 25%
  Final Written Exam 2 40%
Anatomy 2221 Mid-term Lab Practical (Oct 29) 2 10%
  Term 1 Lab Practical 2 15%
  Term 1 Written Test 2 25%
  Mid-term Lab Practical (Feb 27) 2 10%
  Term 2 Lab Practical Exam 2 15%
  Term 2 Written Exam 2 25%


Multiple choice tests and exams will be graded using the Scantron system. Multiple-choice exams may be examined by computer software to check for unusual coincidences in answer patterns that may indicate cheating. Lab tests will be “bell-ringers”, where students are given 60 sec to identify a structure or answer an application question. The written exams are cumulative within each term, not across terms. The breakdown of questions will reflect the material covered. (ie. Dec written will be 50:50 back/upper and lower limb and the April final will be 50:50 head/neck/thorax and abdomen/pelvis.)


o A minimum of 80% attendance is required for the labs. Documentation is required for attendance less than 80%. Any attendance less than 80% without documentation will result in an automatic loss of 5% of the overall course grade.

o An overall passing average (according to your specific program) is required to pass the course. In other words, a student may fail a lab component but still have an overall passing average.

o Rounding of grades: Decimal points above .5 will be rounded to the next whole number (eg. 69.5 to a 70%). As a faculty requirement, rounding up of a mark from 68.5% to 70%, for example, will also occur in this course


Absence from course commitments

A. Absence for medical illness or non-medical reasons
Students must familiarize themselves with the Policy on Accommodation for Medical Illness: https://studentservices.uwo.ca/secure/index.cfm

o Documentation for medical or non-medical reasons, according to the Policy on
Accommodation for Medical Illness is required for absences from tests or exams. Documentation is not required for work worth less than 10% of the total course grade (ie. individual lab sessions). When documentation is required for missing an exam or test, such documentation must be submitted by the student directly to the appropriate Faculty Dean’s office and not by the instructor.

o It will be the Dean’s office that will determine if accommodation is warranted.

o The date and nature of a make-up test/exam will be determined by the instructor, in consultation with the student. Generally, students who miss a lab test will be given a verbal 1:1 lab test or re-weighing of grades will be considered. Written tests/exam will be made up by a written test/exam.

Statement from the Dean’s Office
If you are unable to meet a course requirement due to illness or other serious circumstances, you must provide valid medical or other supporting documentation to the Dean's office as soon as possible and contact your instructor immediately. It is the student's responsibility to make alternative arrangements with their instructor once the accommodation has been approved and the instructor has been informed. In the event of a missed final exam, a "Recommendation of Special Examination" form must be obtained from the Dean's Office immediately. For further information please see: http://www.uwo.ca/univsec/handbook/appeals/medical.pdf

PT Attendance:
Students in the MSc PT are expected to attend all classes and laboratory sessions. If a student must be absent from regularly scheduled class times he/she is expected to contact the course instructor/manager and the School of PT main office and excuse himself/herself from that class or lab. A student requiring academic accommodation due to illness, should use the Student Medical Certificate when visiting an off-campus medical facility or request a Record's Release Form (located in the Dean's Office) for visits to Student Health Services.

The form can be found at:

The Policy on Accommodation for Medical Illness is also available on the BMSUE secure site: www.uwo.ca/bmsc

B. Special Examinations
A Special Examination is any examination other than the regular examination, and it may be offered only with the permission of the Dean of the Faculty in which the student is registered, in consultation with the instructor and Department Chair. Permission to write a Special Examination may be given on the basis of compassionate or medical grounds with appropriate supporting documents. A Special Examination must be written at the University or an Affiliated University College no later than 30 days after the end of the examination period involved. To accommodate unusual circumstances, a date later than this may be arranged at the time permission is first given by the Dean of the Faculty. The Dean will consult with the instructor and Department Chair and, if a later date is arranged, will communicate this to Registrarial Services. If a student fails to write a scheduled Special Examination, permission to write another Special Examination will be granted only with the permission of the Dean in exceptional circumstances and with appropriate supporting documents. In such a case, the date of this Special Examination normally will be the scheduled date for the final exam the next time the course is offered.


Senate regulations require ALL instructors to include the following statements on plagiarism, cheating and proficiency in English in the course outline:
“Students must write their essays and assignments in their own words. Whenever students take an idea or passage from another author, they must acknowledge their debt both by using quotation marks where appropriate and by proper referencing such as footnotes or citations. Plagiarism is a major academic offence (see Scholastic Offence Policy in the Western Academic Calendar).”

8. TERM SCHEDULE as follows: (changes may be made during the term as needed)

TERM 1 2012-13
INTRO – Dr. Johnson

Lecture Schedule



Page # (Gosling -G; Moses -M)

Thurs. Sept 6

Introduction to the course, anatomical terminology, skin/fascia

G2-11, M2-5

Tues. Sept 11

Joints and Vertebral column

G12-15, 392-403; M296-311

Thurs. Sept 13

Superficial back & Deep Back

G404-409; M322-333

Tues. Sept 18

Spinal cord and Peripheral Nervous system

G20-23; M297-298

UPPER LIMB – Dr. Merrifield

Lecture Schedule




Thurs. Sept 20

Intro to Upper limb,
Scapula and Pectoral region


Tues. Sept 25



Thurs. Sept 27

Brachial Plexus


Tues. Oct 2



Thurs. Oct 4

Shoulder and Elbow Joint


Tues. Oct 9

Forearm Flexors


Thurs. Oct 11

Forearm Flexors and Carpal tunnel


Tues. Oct 16

Extensors and Wrist/Hand


Thurs. Oct 18



Tues. Oct 23

Review or catch-up

MON. Oct 29

PRACTICAL LAB EXAM (5:00-8:00 pm)


Back and Upper Limb Lab Schedule


Topic - see lab instructions in notes pkg under these headings


Week of Sept 10

Service, Osteology of axial skeleton and upper limb


Week of Sept 17

Superficial back


Week of Sept 24

Deep back and spinal cord


Week of Oct 1

Pectoral and Shoulder Region, Axilla


Week of Oct 8

Brachial Plexus, Arm


Week of Oct 15

Flexor Region of Forearm


Week of Oct 22

Extensor Region of Forearm, Palm, Shoulder/Elbow Joint


Week of Oct 29

Hand and Wrist


MON. Oct 29

PRACTICAL LAB EXAM (5-8pm) (will NOT include hand and wrist)



Lecture Schedule – Dr. Tim Wilson




Thurs. Oct 25

Intro lower limb, Pelvic girdle, Lumbosacral plexus


Tues. Oct 29

Anterior and Medial thigh


Thurs. Nov 1

Medial and lateral thigh


Tues.. Nov 6

Gluteal region


Thurs. Nov 8

Posterior thigh


Tues.. Nov 13

Hip and Knee Joint

500-511; 524-539

Thurs Nov 15

Popliteal Fossa and Leg Overview


Tues.. Nov 20

Posterior and Anterior leg


Thurs. Nov 22

Lateral leg and ankle joint

540-549, 560-573

Tues. Nov 27

Foot arches, joints and ligaments


Thurs. Nov. 29

Intrinsic Foot Muscles


Tues. Dec. 4

Review or catch-up



Lower Limb Lab Schedule




Week of Nov 5

Anterior/Medial thigh dissection, self-study lower limb osteology


Week of Nov 12

Gluteal and Posterior thigh, Hip Joint


Week of Nov 19

Posterior Leg dissection, knee prosections


Week of Nov 26

Anterior leg, Foot and ankle prosections.


Week of Dec 3

Lab open for review and to complete the foot


Dec 8 - 19

Mid-year exam period.  Exam date TBA



Term 2 2012-13
NECK & THORAX – Dr. Johnson

Lecture Schedule

Date                     Topic                                                                                               Textbook

                                                                                                                refer to corresponding chapters

Tues. Jan 8          Skull, Brain, Brain Stem                                                Chapter 7 pg 369-378

Thurs Jan 10        Brain stem, Cranial nerves, Cn VII                              pg 333 + 340 - 350

Tues Jan 15         CnVII, CnV, Muscles Mastication, TMJ                     pg 333 - 339

Thurs Jan 17        Blood Supply to Head & Neck                                     pg 321, 325,328-332, 338

Tues Jan 22         Triangles of Neck                                                          pg 322 - 329

Thurs Jan 24        Carotid Triangle and root of neck                               pg 328 - 332

Tues Jan 29        Thoracic wall, respiration, breasts                            Chapter 2, pg 26-35

Thurs Jan 31        Pleura and lungs                                                            pg 36 - 42

Tues  Feb 5          Mediastinum, pericardium                                          pg 43 - 45, 57 - 60

Thurs  Feb 7        Heart                                                                                pg 45 - 52

Tues  Feb 12        Heart Circulation and Conductivity                            pg 53 - 56

Thurs Feb 14       Posterior Thoracic Wall                                               pg 61 - 63

Spring Break/Study Week            Feb 18-22

Tues  Feb 26        ANS in posterior wall                                                    pg 63, 22, 197-199

Wed  Feb 27       PT final (1:30 pm) Lab exam 2:30pm, Kin lab exam starts at 3:30pm

Thurs  Feb 28      Wrap-up

Lab Schedule (to be used with Course Lab Notes included in Package):

Date Topic Course Lab Notes
Week of Jan 7 Osteology of skull, meninges follow lab notes in this pkg
Week of Jan 14 Brain, Muscles of Face, CnVII  
Week of Jan 21 Muscles Mastication, Cn V, TMJ  
Week of Jan 28 Triangles of Neck & Blood supply  
Week of Feb 4 Thoracic Wall, Pleural Cavity & Lungs  
Week of Feb 11 Middle Mediastinum & Heart  
Week of Feb 20 STUDY WEEK  
Week of Feb 27 Posterior Mediastinum  

Practical Exam: Wed Feb 27th

ABDOMEN & PELVIS – Michele Barbeau

Lecture Schedule
Date                                    Topic                                                  Textbook Pages (M = Moses et al. 2005) (G= Gosling et al. 2008)

Tues Mar 5

Abdominal Wall & Inguinal Canal

M - 422-431
G - 136-137; 140-147


Thurs Mar 7


Inguinal Canal &
Overview of Digestive System


M - 423-24; 429; 431; 402-05
G - 146-151; 138


Tues Mar 12


Peritoneal Membranes & Abdominal Contents


M - 390-91; 402-05
G - 152-158


Thurs Mar 14


Abdominal Contents & Portal System


M - 386-398; 402-416
G - 164-179


Tues Mar 19

Posterior Abdominal Wall & Blood/Nerve supply

M - 372-74; 376-82; 392; 417-18
G - 190-206


Thurs Mar 21


Urinary System & Kidneys


M - 373; 387-88; 396
G - 186-189


Tues Mar 26


Bony Pelvis & Perineum


M - 436-38; 445-447; 470-481
G - 214-217; 232-234


Thurs Mar 28


Pelvic Nerves & Vessels


M - 459; 437-438; 441-444
G - 235-239


Tues Apr 2


Male Pelvic Viscera


M - 450-451; 453-459
G - 240-243; 226-231


Thurs Apr 4

Tues Apr 9


Female Pelvic Viscera

Pregnancy and obstetrics concerns


M - 450-52; 460-465
G - 246-247; 219-225

Lab Schedule (to be used with Course Lab Notes included in Package):

Date Topic Course Lab Notes
Week of Mar 4 Abdominal wall      Abdominal wall lab 
Week of Mar 11 Abdominal contents     Abdominal contents 
Week of Mar 18 Posterior wall of Abdomen  (contents will be removed) Posterior wall 
Week of Mar 25

Pelvis, Perineum    

use prosections and intact viscera in cadaver

 In course notes
Week of Apr 1

Pelvis & perineum

use prosections and intact viscera in cadaver

In course notes
Week of Apr 8 Review Reproductive organs  

Exams begin April 14th



Students may have access to the Lab and Learning Centre during regular hours of each week day, if no class is present. Due to security issues the building will lock down at 6pm each night and will not be open on weekends.

1. Food and/or drink are not allowed in the Anatomy lab or Learning Centre.
2. Lab coats and closed-toe shoes are required in the Anatomy lab. Safety glasses are recommended.
3. The security system locks down the building at 6pm every night, and the lab will not be accessible on the weekends.
4. Extra study hours outside of your designated lab time will be posted on the blackboard in the lab. Please let Haley or Kevin know if you will be in the lab.
5. See Haley about all lab equipment, lab coats and locker combinations.

Statement on Academic Offences
Scholastic offences are taken seriously and students are directed to read the appropriate policy, specifically, the definition of what constitutes a Scholastic Offence, at the following Web site: http://www.uwo.ca/univsec/handbook/appeals/scholoff.pdf .

Support Services:
Registrarial Services: http://www.registrar.uwo.ca

Academic Counselling (Science and Basic Medical Sciences): http://www.uwo.ca/sci/counselling/index.html Student

Development Services: http://westernusc.ca/services/

Students that are in emotional/mental distress should refer to Mental Health@Western http://www.uwo.ca/uwocom/mentalhealth/ for a complete list of options about how to obtain help”.