Graduate Course 9520Y - 9620Y
Research Seminars in Cell & Neurobiology
Dr. Paul Walton
Department of Anatomy & Cell Biology
Each class consists of one or two presenters describing their research interest in an effort to develop scientific presentation skills. Students present to an audience of their peers (class mates and other graduate students) in addition to at least two faculty members. Each student will first present some background literature supporting their proposed research program (research background presentation). This will be followed by a short presentation outlining the findings collected to date (research talk presentation). These presentations will act as a foundation for developing strong communications skills that will be further developed during the course of the student’s progress within their program and along their career.
The course begins on September 14th, 2012 and is scheduled to end in April 2013. Lectures are held on Fridays from 11:30 AM – 12:30 AM in Dental Sciences Building room 00050 (DSB 00050).
The course coordinator is Dr. Paul Walton. All questions related to the course should be directed to him. Contact information can be found below. Many faculty members in the Anatomy & Cell Biology graduate program will participate in the course as invited guests and will provide feedback and evaluation to the presenting student(s). Although there are normally two faculty members signed up for each session, it is possible that other faculty attend the presentation if it is in an area of interest to them.
Dr. Paul Walton (course coordinator)
Passing the course requires that the student presents each of the two scheduled talks. In addition, participation at ALL SESSIONS is required. Advanced notice must be given, supported by a valid reason, if you cannot attend. Illness is understandable but be aware that medical documentation may be requested in certain cases. Only under exceptional circumstances can a student miss more than two sessions in any given term. Peer evaluations are provided in the form of written comments and provided to each student at the end of the session. Attending faculty members also provide evaluations.
The weighting of each component of the course is:
Research background 45%
Research talk 45%
The student presents a 40-minute presentation (30 minute minimum) on the field of research proposed in the M.Sc or Ph.D. thesis project. It is not the role of this particular presentation to discuss specific data but more so as a general introduction to the area of research. The presentation will be followed by a 10-minute question period. Some preliminary data can be shown to demonstrate rationale for the project. The work of others can be presented to support the developing hypothesis. The presentation should consist of:
- an overall rationale and introduction to the research area
- background on the players involved (molecules, transmitters, receptors, cell types, diseases)
- hypothesis and research objectives
- methodological considerations for the project
A short conference-style (also known as platform session) presentation will be given describing your thesis research, results to date, and their implications. There will be two presenters during the one-hour class. Each presenter will give a short talk (15 minutes maximum duration) followed by 5 minutes of questions. This presentation will have a short introduction and possible methods section followed by a discussion of the data and their implications. An outline slide is NOT necessary for such short talks.
Interaction between students and presenter is an integral part of the course. The 10% participation grade is assigned based on several criteria including:
- attendance at the class sessions
- completion of the evaluation form (see below)
- asking questions of your peers. This is an important component of the participation grade as it demonstrates your interest in the subject area and attention to detail
The evaluation form is a critically important part of the course as it is the only source of information provided to the presenter. It is important that all components of the form be completed to the best of your ability in order to provide valuable feedback to the student presenting so that they can improve their skills. A summary of what is expected can be found below:
It is important during the learning curve that students are provided with feedback. However telling the student that everything was excellent or poor is not enough. One learns from knowing why something went well or not so well. It is expected that all students and faculty in attendance will provide some comment as to how the presentation was perceived. From all the comments the student (in conjunction with a faculty member if the student desires) will distill the main positive and constructive comments and how to best utilize that information.
Students can choose to present their material using any means they feel would best suit their style. Your choices vary greatly from using the chalkboard to overhead projector to 35-mm slides to PowerPoint presentations. The onus is on the student to reserve any computer related devices that are required. The lecture room is equipped with a ceiling-mounted projector; however a lap top computer is required. The Department of Anatomy & Cell Biology has two lap top computers available for sign-out. In addition, for practicing the talk a portable projector is also available for sign-out.
Ask anyone and they will give you their “hints” or “tips” on presenting to an audience. In this field, all of the faculty members and many graduate students have had some experience on presenting data or lectures so they can provide you with helpful information. Ultimately you need to find what works for you keeping in mind certain “dos” and “don’ts”. It is our hope that this course provides you with a framework from which you can build a comfortable and confident approach to public speaking for the scientific audience. To that extent, I will give you my views on oral presentations. I am no expert, very few of us are, but together we will learn what works for each of you.
It is impossible to anticipate all questions and hence to prepare for them. The best advice is to carefully consider the question that is asked and answer to the best of your knowledge without extending yourself into the realm of the unknown. Saying “I do not know the answer to that question” is not taboo and in some cases is the best answer you can give. I will mention one question answering skill that is relatively useful. Although this approach has been designed for the interview process I think it has some validity in answering questions in general. The S.T.A.R. approach to answering questions is described below with some modifications to take into account scientific presentations. The S.T.A.R. answer states a Situation or Task you were given, describes the Action you took and explains the Results of that action. Here is a sample S.T.A.R. answer to the question, “Why did you look at the expression of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) in these cells and how was it done?”
Situation or Task:
In reviewing the literature, I found that EGFR is induced by growth factor stimulation in other cells types.
Therefore I collected protein from cells treated with the growth factor over a series of time points and performed SDS-PAGE, transferring the protein to nitrocellulose for immunoblotting with an antibody specific to EGFR.
Following incubation with a HRP-conjugated secondary antibody, the blot was exposed to chemiluminescence detection revealing that EGFR was highly expressed by time point X whereas it was not detectable prior to growth factor addition.
Students must write their essays and assignments in their own words. Whenever students take an idea or a passage from another author, they must acknowledge their debt both by using quotation marks where appropriate and by proper referencing such as footnotes or citations. Plagiarism is a major academic offence (see Scholastic Offence Policy in the current Academic Calendar).
The University of Western Ontario uses software for plagiarism checking. Students may be required to submit their written work in electronic form for plagiarism checking.
The University of Western Ontario uses cheating analysis software to assess the validity of examinations written by students. It is the onus of individual students to protect their written work and examination documents.