Anatomy 2221/9501/9524: Functional Human Anatomy for Kin, PT, OT

Anat 2221, Kinesiology: Full year 2011-2012
Anat 9501, School of Physical Therapy:
Two terms Sept -Feb, 2011-2012
Anat 9524, School of Occupational Therapy:
Fall term Sept - Dec, 2011

(formerly 221)

1. The overall course OBJECTIVES are to:

  • Identify the major structures of each of the body regions
  • Correlate structure and function as it applies to the gross anatomical features and overall function of the body systems
  • Integrate basic physiological and biomechanical concepts, to better understand the gross anatomical structure and function
  • Provide practical examples of how the anatomical knowledge may be applied to the students’ varied disciplines (kinesiology, physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT))
  • Develop an appreciation for a number of injury mechanisms and congenital anomalies
  • Have fun


Organization: There are two lectures and one lab per week. Where possible, the lecture material will explain and expand upon the topics covered in the subsequent lab. The labs are designed as self-discovery experiences so that exploration is done by the student with the laboratory assistant supervising and helping only on request. Doors to the lab shall remained locked at all times.

Lectures: Western Science Centre 55, Tuesdays & Thursdays, 2:30 - 3:30 p.m.

Labs: Dental Sciences Building 4001

           Anatomy 9501 - Wednesdays, 2:30 4:30 p.m.

          Anatomy 2221 - Tuesdays or Thursdays, 3:30 - 5:30 p.m.

          Anatomy 9524 - Fridays, 8:30 - 10:30 a.m.

Required course for each of Anat 2221, 9501, 9524
Prerequisite(s): for Kin - Grade 12U Bio; enrollment in MScPT or MScOT
Antirequisite(s): Anat 3319

Senate regulation regarding the student’s responsibility regarding requisites:

Unless you have either the requisites for this course or written special permission from your Dean to enroll in it, you may be removed from this course and it will be deleted from your record. This decision may not be appealed. You will receive no adjustment to your fees in the event that you are dropped from a course for failing to have the necessary prerequisites.



Course Committee Chair:

Dr. M. Johnson

Course Director:

Dr. M. Johnson

Anatomy 9501, 9524

Office: MSB487, Medical Sciences Building
Phone 519 661-2111, Ext 86756

Course Director:

Dr. M.  Mottola

Anatomy 2221:

Room 2214, 3M Centre
Phone 519 661-2111, Ext 85480


Dr. T. Wilson

Office: MSB490, Medical Science Building
Phone: 519-661-2111 Ext. 81587


Dr. Peter Merrifield

Office: 428 Medical Sciences Building
Phone: 519-661-2111 ext. 86819

TA's: each lab will have 2-4 graduate teaching assistants - names TBA

Office Hours:
Primarily, we have an open door policy and do respond to email as "virtual office hours". It is always good practice to call or email ahead of time if you would like to meet in person.

There is an OWL Webct site for this course. The site will be used primarily for grades, practice quizzes, announcements and calendar updates.

Students with WebCT issues should contact the Computer Support Centre at 519 661-3800 or fill out the WebCT webform:



Required Course Notes:

There will be 3pkgs for the year 2011 – 2012. These are now posted on Webct NOT as hard copies. A friend from previous years may had a hard copy to lend if you do not want to print out the notes. not posted online but available through the book store.


Atlas of Clinical Gross Anatomy, ,2005, Moses et al., Elsevier Mosby, Philadelphia ISBN 0323037445
Human Anatomy: Color atlas and text. , 2008 5th edition. Gosling et al., Mosby-Wolfe, London ISBN:9780723434511 - Older editions are sufficient


An atlas is required for labs. Note: there must be at least one atlas per group during the lab sessions. Some atlases are provided in the lab and these must remain in the lab.

Atlas     Recommended if not using Moses et al (above)

Grant's Atlas of Anatomy, 2005 11th edition, Agur & Dalley, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore.


Atlas of Human Anatomy, 2003 3nd edition, Netter, Novartis, East Hanover, N.J.


Color Atlas of Anatomy, 5th edition, 2002, Rohen, Yokochi, Lutjen-Drecol, LWW


Videotapes are available for use in the Natural Sciences Library.

THE ANATOMY LEARNING CENTRE: WHERE AND WHAT IS IT? The Anatomy Learning Centre is located in Room D4002 of the Dental Sciences Building. It contains computers, each containing the software package in Gross Anatomy –A.D.A.M. Interactive Anatomy and plastic models of most anatomical structures.



Course Type of Test/Exam Duration (hour) % of Final
Anatomy 9501 Mid-term Lab Practical (Oct 31st) 2 14%
  Term 1 Lab Practical 2 25%
  Term 1 Written Test 2 25%
  Term 2 Lab Practical (Feb 15) 2 18%
  Term 2 Written Exam 2 18%
Anatomy 9524 Weekly Mini Lab tests   15%
  Mid-term Lab Practical (Oct 31st) 2 20%
  Final Lab Practical Exam 2 25%
  Final Written Exam 2 40%
Anatomy 2221 Mid-term Lab Practical (Oct 31st) 2 10%
  Term 1 Lab Practical 2 15%
  Term 1 Written Test 2 25%
  Mid-term Lab Practical (Feb 15) 2 10%
  Term 2 Lab Practical Exam 2 15%
  Term 2 Written Exam 2 25%


Multiple choice tests and exams will be graded using the Scantron system. Multiple-choice exams may be examined by computer software to check for unusual coincidences in answer patterns that may indicate cheating. Lab tests will be “bell-ringers”, where students are given 60 sec to identify a structure or answer an application question. The written exams are cumulative within each term, not across terms. The breakdown of questions will reflect the material covered. (ie. Dec written will be 50:50 back/upper and lower limb and the April final will be 50:50 head/neck/thorax and abdomen/pelvis.)




o A minimum of 80% attendance is required for the labs. Documentation is required for attendance less than 80%. Any attendance less than 80% without documentation will result in an automatic loss of 5% of the overall course grade.

o An overall passing average (according to your specific program) is required to pass the course. In other words, a student may fail a lab component but still have an overall passing average.

o Rounding of grades: Decimal points above .5 will be rounded to the next whole number. Some students request a rounding up of a mark from 68% to 70%, for example. This practice will not occur in this course. The final mark assigned to you is the mark you achieve and will not be rounded up to the next grade level unless it follows the initial .5 ruling stated. (eg. 69.5 to a 70%)

Absence from course commitments

A. Absence for medical illness or non-medical reasons
Students must familiarize themselves with the Policy on Accommodation for Medical Illness:

o Documentation for medical or non-medical reasons, according to the Policy on
Accommodation for Medical Illness is required for absences from tests or exams. Documentation is not required for work worth less than 10% of the total course grade (ie. individual lab sessions). When documentation is required for missing an exam or test, such documentation must be submitted by the student directly to the appropriate Faculty Dean’s office and not by the instructor.

o It will be the Dean’s office that will determine if accommodation is warranted.

o The date and nature of a make-up test/exam will be determined by the instructor, in consultation with the student. Generally, students who miss a lab test will be given a verbal 1:1 lab test or re-weighing of grades will be considered. Written tests/exam will be made up by a written test/exam.

Statement from the Dean’s Office
If you are unable to meet a course requirement due to illness or other serious circumstances, you must provide valid medical or other supporting documentation to the Dean's office as soon as possible and contact your instructor immediately. It is the student's responsibility to make alternative arrangements with their instructor once the accommodation has been approved and the instructor has been informed. In the event of a missed final exam, a "Recommendation of Special Examination" form must be obtained from the Dean's Office immediately. For further information please see:

PT Attendance:
Students in the MSc PT are expected to attend all classes and laboratory sessions. If a student must be absent from regularly scheduled class times he/she is expected to contact the course instructor/manager and the School of PT main office and excuse himself/herself from that class or lab. A student requiring academic accommodation due to illness, should use the Student Medical Certificate when visiting an off-campus medical facility or request a Record's Release Form (located in the Dean's Office) for visits to Student Health Services.

The form can be found at:

The Policy on Accommodation for Medical Illness is also available on the BMSUE secure site:

B. Special Examinations
A Special Examination is any examination other than the regular examination, and it may be offered only with the permission of the Dean of the Faculty in which the student is registered, in consultation with the instructor and Department Chair. Permission to write a Special Examination may be given on the basis of compassionate or medical grounds with appropriate supporting documents. A Special Examination must be written at the University or an Affiliated University College no later than 30 days after the end of the examination period involved. To accommodate unusual circumstances, a date later than this may be arranged at the time permission is first given by the Dean of the Faculty. The Dean will consult with the instructor and Department Chair and, if a later date is arranged, will communicate this to Registrarial Services. If a student fails to write a scheduled Special Examination, permission to write another Special Examination will be granted only with the permission of the Dean in exceptional circumstances and with appropriate supporting documents. In such a case, the date of this Special Examination normally will be the scheduled date for the final exam the next time the course is offered.


Senate regulations require ALL instructors to include the following statements on plagiarism, cheating and proficiency in English in the course outline:
“Students must write their essays and assignments in their own words. Whenever students take an idea or passage from another author, they must acknowledge their debt both by using quotation marks where appropriate and by proper referencing such as footnotes or citations. Plagiarism is a major academic offence (see Scholastic Offence Policy in the Western Academic Calendar).”


8. TERM SCHEDULE as follows: (changes may be made during the term as needed)

TERM 1 2011-12
INTRO – Dr. Johnson

Date Topic Page # (Gosling -G; Moses -M)
Thurs. Sept 8 Introduction to the course, anatomical terminology, skin/fascia G2-11, M2-5
Tues. Sept 13 Joints and Vertebral column G12-15, 392-403; M296-311
Thurs. Sept 15 Superficial back & Deep Back G404-409; M322-333
Tues. Sept 20 Spinal cord and Peripheral Nervous system G20-23; M297-298

UPPER LIMB – Dr. Merrifield

Date Topic  
Thurs. Sept 22 Intro to Upper limb, Scapula and Pectoral Region  
Tues. Sept 27 Axilla  
Thurs. Sept 29 Brachial Plexus  
Tues. Oct 4 Arm  
Thurs. Oct 6 Shoulder and Elbow Joint  
Tues. Oct 11 Forearm Flexors  
Thurs. Oct 13 Forearm Flexors and Carpal tunnel  
Tues. Oct 18 Extensors and Wrist/Hand  
Thurs. Oct 20 Hand  
Tues. Oct 25 Review or catch-up  

MON. Oct 31st PRACTICAL LAB EXAM (5:00-8:00 pm)

Back and Upper Limb Lab Schedule

Date Topic - see lab instructions in notes pkg under these headings  
Week of Sept 12 Service, Osteology of axial skeleton and upper limb  
Week of Sept 19 Superficial back  
Week of Sept 26 Deep back and spinal cord  
Week of Oct 3 Pectoral and Shoulder Region, Axilla  
Week of Oct 10 Brachial Plexus, Arm  
Week of Oct 17 Flexor Region of Forearm  
Week of Oct 24 Extensor Region of Forearm, Palm, Shoulder/Elbow Joint  
Week of Oct 31 Hand and Wrist  
MON. Oct 31 PRACTICAL LAB EXAM (5-8pm) (will NOT include hand and wrist)  

Lecture Schedule – Dr. Tim Wilson

Date Topic Page(Moses)
Thurs. Oct 28

Intro lower limb, Pelvic girdle, Lumbosacral

Tues.. Nov 1 Anterior and Medial thigh 488-499
Thurs. Nov 3 Medial and lateral thigh  
Tues.. Nov 8 Gluteal region 512-523
Thurs. Nov 10 Posterior thigh 512-523
Tues.. Nov 15 Hip and Knee Joint 500-511; 524-539 ;
Thurs Nov 17 Popliteal Fossa and Leg Overview 524-539
Tues.. Nov 22 Posterior and Anterior leg 540-559
Thurs. Nov 24 Lateral leg and ankle joint 540-549, 560-573
Tues. Nov 29 Foot arches, joints and ligaments 560-573
Thurs. Dec 1 Intrinsic Foot Muscles 574-593
Tues. Dec. 6 Review or catch-up  

Lower Limb Lab Schedule

Date Topic  
Week of Nov 7 Anterior/Medial thigh dissection, self-study lower limb osteology  
Week of Nov 14 Gluteal and Posterior thigh, Hip Joint  
Week of Nov 21 Posterior Leg dissection, knee prosections  
Week of Nov 28 Anterior leg, Foot and ankle prosections.  
Week of Dec 5 Lab open for review and to complete the foot  
Dec 10-22 Mid-year exam period.  Exam date TBA  

Term 2 2010-11
NECK & THORAX – Dr. Johnson

Date Topic  
Tues. Jan 10 Skull, Brain, Brain Stem        
Thurs. Jan 12 Brain stem, Cranial nerves, Cn VII      
Tues. Jan 17 CnVII, CnV, Muscles Mastication, TMJ    
Thurs. Jan 19 Blood Supply to Head & Neck       
Tues. Jan 24 Triangles of Neck        
Thurs. Jan 26 Carotid Triangle and root of neck      
Tues. Jan 31 Thoracic wall, respiration, breasts        
Thurs. Feb 2 Pleura and lungs      
Tues. Feb 7 Mediastinum, pericardium       
Thurs. Feb 9 Heart  
Tues. Feb 14 Heart Circulation and Conductivity          
Wed Feb 15 PT final (1:30 pm) Lab exam 2:30pm, Kin lab exam starts at 3:30pm  
Thurs. Feb 16 Posterior Thoracic Wall       
  Spring Break/Study Week Feb 20-24  
Tues. Feb 28 ANS in posterior wall            
Thurs. Mar 1 Wrap-up and review   

Lab Schedule (to be used with Course Lab Notes included in Package):

Date Topic Course Lab Notes
Week of Jan 9 Osteology of skull, meninges follow lab notes in this pkg
Week of Jan 16 Brain, Muscles of Face, CnVII  
Week of Jan 23 Muscles Mastication, Cn V, TMJ  
Week of Jan 30 Triangles of Neck & Blood supply  
Week of Feb 16 Thoracic Wall, Pleural Cavity & Lungs  
Week of Feb 13 Middle Mediastinum & Heart  
  Practical Exam: Wed Feb 15  
Week of Feb 20 STUDY WEEK  
Week of Feb 27 Posterior Mediastinum  

ABDOMEN & PELVIS – Dr. Mottola

Date Topic  
Tues. Mar 6 Abdominal Wall      
Thurs. Mar 8 Inguinal Canal and Peritoneal membranes     
Tues. Mar 13 Abdominal contents  
Thurs. Mar 15 Branches of Abdominal Aorta. Review ANS ganglia       
Tues. Mar 20 Posterior Abdominal Wall        
Thurs. Mar 22 Pelvis   
Tues. Mar 27 Perineum    
Thurs. Mar 29 Blood vessels and nerves of pelvis         
Tues. Apr 3 Female Reproductive       
Thurs. Apr 5 Male Reproductive        
Tues. Apr 10 Review     

Lab Schedule (to be used with Course Lab Notes included in Package):

Date Topic Course Lab Notes
Week of Mar 5 Abdominal wall      Abdominal wall lab 
Week of Mar 12 Abdominal contents     Abdominal contents 
Week of Mar 19 Posterior wall of Abdomen  (contents will be removed) Posterior wall 
Week of Mar 26 Pelvis, Perineum      Pelvis and perineum. And repro lab will be used for the last three labs
Week of Apr 2 Review perineum, BV & N   Reproductive organs     
Week of Apr 9 Review Reproductive organs  

Exams begin April14th



Students may have access to the Lab and Learning Centre during regular hours of each week day, if no class is present. Due to security issues the building will lock down at 6pm each night and will not be open on weekends.

1. Food and/or drink are not allowed in the Anatomy lab or Learning Centre.
2. Lab coats and closed-toe shoes are required in the Anatomy lab. Safety glasses are recommended.
3. The security system locks down the building at 6pm every night, and the lab will not be accessible on the weekends.
4. Extra study hours outside of your designated lab time will be posted on the blackboard in the lab. Please let Haley or Kevin know if you will be in the lab.
5. See Haley about all lab equipment, lab coats and locker combinations.

Statement on Academic Offences
Scholastic offences are taken seriously and students are directed to read the appropriate policy, specifically, the definition of what constitutes a Scholastic Offence, at the following Web site: .

Support Services:

Registrarial Services:
Academic Counselling (Science and Basic Medical Sciences):
Student Development Services:
Student Health Services:

10. Respectful Learning Environment

Atmosphere Copyright © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

“We can all learn from each other. To encourage the free and open sharing of information and ideas, we must all work together to develop a respectful and supportive environment. Disrespectful or discourteous behaviour is inappropriate and unacceptable in the classroom.”